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ACCIDENTAL OVERDOSE and Abilify

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ACCIDENTAL OVERDOSE Symptoms and Causes

What are opioids?

Opioids, sometimes called narcotics, are a type of drug. They include strong prescription pain relievers, such as oxycodone, hydrocodone, fentanyl, and tramadol. The illegal drug heroin is also an opioid.

A health care provider may give you a prescription opioid to reduce pain after you have had a major injury or surgery. You may get them if you have severe pain from health conditions like cancer. Some health care providers prescribe them for chronic pain.

Prescription opioids used for pain relief are generally safe when taken for a short time and as prescribed by your health care provider. However, people who take opioids are at risk for opioid dependence and addiction, as well as an overdose. These risks increase when opioids are misused. Misuse means you are not taking the medicines according to your provider's instructions, you are using them to get high, or you are taking someone else's opioids.

What is an opioid overdose?

Opioids affect the part of the brain that regulates breathing. When people take high doses of opioids, it can lead to an overdose, with the slowing or stopping of breathing and sometimes death.

What causes an opioid overdose?

An opioid overdose can happen for a variety of reasons, including if you

  • Take an opioid to get high
  • Take an extra dose of a prescription opioid or take it too often (either accidentally or on purpose)
  • Mix an opioid with other medicines, illegal drugs, or alcohol. An overdose can be fatal when mixing an opioid and certain anxiety treatment medicines, such as Xanax or Valium.
  • Take an opioid medicine that was prescribed for someone else. Children are especially at risk of an accidental overdose if they take medicine not intended for them.

There is also a risk of overdose if you are getting medication-assisted treatment (MAT). MAT is a treatment for opioid abuse and addiction. Many of the medicines used for MAT are controlled substances that can be misused.

Who is at risk for an opioid overdose?

Anyone who takes an opioid can be at risk of an overdose, but you are at higher risk if you

  • Take illegal opioids
  • Take more opioid medicine than you are prescribed
  • Combine opioids with other medicines and/or alcohol
  • Have certain medical conditions, such as sleep apnea, or reduced kidney or liver function
  • Are over 65 years old
What are the signs of an opioid overdose?

The signs of an opioid overdose include

  • The person's face is extremely pale and/or feels clammy to the touch
  • Their body goes limp
  • Their fingernails or lips have a purple or blue color
  • They start vomiting or making gurgling noises
  • They cannot be awakened or are unable to speak
  • Their breathing or heartbeat slows or stops
What should I do if I think that someone is having an opioid overdose?

If you think someone is having an opioid overdose,

  • Call 9-1-1 immediately
  • Administer naloxone, if it is available. Naloxone is a safe medication that can quickly stop an opioid overdose. It can be injected into the muscle or sprayed into the nose to rapidly block the effects of the opioid on the body.
  • Try to keep the person awake and breathing
  • Lay the person on their side to prevent choking
  • Stay with the person until emergency workers arrive
How can I prevent an opioid overdose?

There are steps you can take to help prevent an overdose:

  • Take your medicine exactly as prescribed by your health care provider. Do not take more medicine at once or take medicine more often than you are supposed to.
  • Never mix pain medicines with alcohol, sleeping pills, or illegal substances
  • Store medicine safely where children or pets can't reach it. Consider using a medicine lockbox. Besides keeping children safe, it also prevents someone who lives with you or visits your house from stealing your medicines.
  • Dispose of unused medicine promptly

If you take an opioid, it is also important to teach your family and friends how to respond to an overdose. If you are at high risk for an overdose, ask your health care provider about whether you need a prescription for naloxone.

Check out the latest treatments for ACCIDENTAL OVERDOSE

ACCIDENTAL OVERDOSE treatment research studies

Abilify clinical trials, surveys and public health registries


Find Drug Side Effect reports



Abilify Side Effects

Weight Increased (762)
Tremor (544)
Tardive Dyskinesia (527)
Insomnia (486)
Pregnancy (435)
Dyskinesia (400)
Dizziness (324)
Somnolence (323)
Nausea (313)
Restlessness (308)
Headache (296)
Fatigue (289)
Psychotic Disorder (287)
Akathisia (286)
Anxiety (282)
Agitation (257)
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Delusion (233)
Blood Glucose Increased (228)
Depression (192)
Dystonia (189)
Feeling Abnormal (188)
Vision Blurred (185)
Suicidal Ideation (179)
Death (178)
Mania (178)
Hallucination (176)
Aggression (174)
Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome (169)
Fall (169)
Confusional State (167)
Weight Decreased (150)
Extrapyramidal Disorder (140)
Dyspnoea (136)
Hallucination, Auditory (136)
Schizophrenia (135)
Gait Disturbance (135)
Abnormal Behaviour (135)
Muscle Spasms (133)
Suicide Attempt (131)
Loss Of Consciousness (128)
Hyperhidrosis (125)
Musculoskeletal Stiffness (123)
Dysphagia (123)
Asthenia (121)
Blood Creatine Phosphokinase Increased (110)
Oedema Peripheral (109)
Completed Suicide (108)
Irritability (105)

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ACCIDENTAL OVERDOSE Clinical Trials and Studies

Treatments might be new drugs or new combinations of drugs, new surgical procedures or devices, or new ways to use existing treatments. The goal of clinical trials is to determine if a new test or treatment works and is safe. Clinical trials can also look at other aspects of care, such as improving the quality of life for people with chronic illnesses. People participate in clinical trials for a variety of reasons. Healthy volunteers say they participate to help others and to contribute to moving science forward. Participants with an illness or disease also participate to help others, but also to possibly receive the newest treatment and to have the additional care and attention from the clinical trial staff.
Rank Status Study
1 Recruiting Aripiprazole (Abilify®) as an Adjunctive Treatment for Inadequate Response in Major Depressive Disorder
Condition: Major Depressive Disorder
Interventions: Drug: Aripiprazole 6-week group;   Drug: Aripiprazole 8-week group
Outcome Measures: Quality of Life Scale (QOLS);   Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale
2 Unknown  Aripiprazole and Topiramate on Free-Choice Alcohol Use
Condition: Alcohol Dependence
Interventions: Drug: Double Placebo;   Drug: Aripiprazole 15, placebo;   Drug: Aripiprazole 7.5, Placebo;   Drug: Topiramate 100, Placebo;   Drug: Topiramate 200, Placebo;   Drug: Topiramate 100, Aripiprazole 15;   Drug: Topiramate 100, Aripiprazole 7.5;   Drug: Topiramate 100, Aripiprazole 15mg;   Drug: Topiramate 200, Aripiprazole 7.5mg;   Drug: Topiramate 200, Aripiprazole 15
Outcome Measures: Number of alcoholic drinks consumed in a laboratory setting;   Safety and tolerability of the medications singly and in combination, compared to placebo;   Drinks consumed during the medication titration period
3 Recruiting Double-Blind Placebo Controlled Study of Adjunctive Aripiprazole for Symptomatic Hyperprolactinemia In Premenopausal Women With Schizophrenia
Condition: Hyperprolactinemia
Interventions: Drug: Aripiprazole;   Drug: Placebo
Outcome Measures: To determine if adjunct aripiprazole will resolve or improve prolactin related hormonal side effects (amenorrhea, oligomenorrhea, galactorrhea).;   To test whether adjunctive aripiprazole will improve quality/perceived quality of life.;   To identify if adjunct aripiprazole will improve bone turnover as measured by assays of osteoblastic and osteoclastic activity.;   To examine side effects associated with adjunctive aripiprazole versus placebo and conduct a cost analysis of adjunctive aripiprazole use.;   To evaluate the mediator effects of estrogen, progesterone, prolactin effects on quality of life, bone turnover and sexual functioning.
4 Unknown  The New Strategy for Pharmacological Treatment in People With Schizophrenia
Condition: Schizophrenia
Interventions: Drug: Rispridoen and Aripiprazole;   Drug: Risperidne;   Drug: Abilify
Outcome Measures: SANS(Scale for the Assessment of Negative Symptoms);   SARS(Simpson-Angus Rating Scale);   Drug Attitude Inventory;   Side effect checklist
5 Recruiting Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Aripiprazole
Condition: Autism
Intervention: Drug: Aripiprazole
Outcome Measures: irritability subscale of the aberrant behavior checklist;   Change from baseline in ABC-subscale of lethargy/social withdrawal, stereotypic behavior, hyperactivity, inappropriate speech;   Change of CGI-S, CGI-I from baseline;   Change of Behavioral problems from baseline;   Change of Adaptive Skills from baseline;   Change of Parental stress from baseline
6 Recruiting Efficacy, Safety, and Tolerability of an Intramuscular Formulation of Aripiprazole (OPC-14597) as Maintenance Treatment in Bipolar I Patients
Condition: Bipolar I Disorder
Interventions: Drug: Intramuscular (IM) Depot Aripiprazole;   Drug: Intramuscular (IM) Depot Placebo
Outcome Measures: Time from randomization to recurrence of any mood episode during Double-Bind Placebo Controlled phase;   Proportion of subjects meeting criteria for recurrence of any mood episode(manic, mixed, depressive);   Mean change from randomization to endpoint in the CGI-BP-S (mania) score;   Time from randomization to recurrence defined by hospitalization for a mood episode.
7 Unknown  Neuroimaging Of Treatment Effects in Treatment-Resistant Depression
Condition: Major Depressive Disorder
Intervention: Drug: escitalopram and adjunctive aripiprazole and placebo
Outcome Measures: Use of PET and fMRI to demonstrate the differential pattern of dopaminergic activity, dopamine receptor binding in the putamen and caudate and correlation these findings to MADRS in MDD subjects treated with escitalopram and aripiprazole.;   Correlation of D2binding before and after adjunctive aripiprazole with emergence of extrapyramidal symptoms and akathisia.
8 Recruiting Aripiprazole Once-monthly Versus Paliperidone Palmitate in Adult Patients With Schizophrenia
Condition: Schizophrenia
Interventions: Drug: Aripiprazole and aripiprazole once-monthly;   Drug: Paliperidone and paliperidone palmitate
Outcome Measures: Mean change from Baseline in quality of life;   Investigator's assessment of overall effectiveness;   Mean change from Baseline in clinical global impression;   Mean change from Baseline in quality of life using QLS;   Mean change from Baseline in subjective well-being using SWN-S;   Mean change from Baseline in tolerability and quality of life using TooL;   Safety and tolerability;   Risk of suicidality
9 Recruiting Aripiprazole and Prolactin Study
Condition: Hyperprolactinemia
Intervention: Drug: Aripiprazole
Outcome Measures: Normalization or reduction in prolactin sufficient to restore gonadal function;   Normalization or improvement in bone mineral density
10 Recruiting A Long-term, Extended Treatment Study of Aripiprazole in Pediatric Patients With Schizophrenia
Condition: Schizophrenia
Intervention: Drug: Aripiprazole
Outcome Measures: Adverse events;   Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS);   Clinical golobal impression (CGI);   Children's Global Assessment Scale (CGAS)
11 Unknown  Aripiprazole Augmentation Therapy in Treatment-resistant Depression
Condition: Therapy-resistant Depression
Intervention: Drug: Aripiprazole
Outcome Measure: rate of response as defined by a more or equal 50 % reduction of baseline HAM-D (Hamilton Depression Rating scale)
12 Recruiting Adjunctive Aripiprazole in the Treatment of Risperidone-Induced Hyperprolactinemia
Condition: Schizophrenia
Intervention: Drug: Aripiprazole
Outcome Measures: Prolactin level;   PANSS (positive and negative syndrome scale) score
13 Recruiting A Short Treatment Study of Aripiprazole in Pediatric Patients With Schizophrenia
Condition: Schizophrenia
Interventions: Drug: Aripiprazole Low (2 mg/day);   Drug: Aripiprazole Mid (6 - 12 mg/day);   Drug: Aripiprazole High (24 - 30 mg/day)
Outcome Measures: Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) total sore;   PANSS score;   Clinical Global Impression (CGI);   Children's Global Assessment Scale (CGAS);   Adverse events;   Electrocardiogram
14 Unknown  Remediation of Schizophrenia Sensory Gating Deficit With Aripiprazole
Conditions: Schizophrenia;   Sensory Gating
Intervention: Drug: Aripiprzole
Outcome Measure: MEG/EEG and MRI data will be compared with the results of a neuropsych battery and symptom rating scales prior to initiation with aripiprazole and after subject has been on a stable dose of aripiprazole for three month.
15 Unknown  Aripiprazole and Resistant Postpartum Depression
Condition: Postpartum Depression
Intervention: Drug: aripiprazole
Outcome Measures: Montgomery Asberg Depression Rating Scale;   Udvalg for Kliniske Undersogelser Scale
16 Recruiting Open-label Study to Evaluate the Effectiveness of an Intramuscular Formulation of Aripiprazole (OPC-14597) as Maintenance Treatment in Patients With Bipolar I Disorder
Condition: Bipolar I
Intervention: Drug: Aripiprazole
Outcome Measures: Number and percentage of subjects with adverse events;   Injection Site Pain measured by the Visual Analog Scale (VAS);   Number and percentage of subjects with clinically significant abnormal laboratory test results, vitals, ECGs;   Extrapyramidal Symptoms (EPS) will be assessed by change from baseline on Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale (AIMS), Simpson-Angus Scale (SAS), Drug-Induced Extrapyramidal Symptoms Scale (DIEPSS used in Japan), and Barnes Akathisia Rating Scale (BARS);   Percentage of subjects who remain stable at endpoint
17 Unknown  Evaluating the Effectiveness of Aripiprazole and D-Cycloserine to Treat Symptoms Associated With Autism
Condition: Autistic Disorder
Interventions: Drug: Aripiprazole;   Drug: Placebo;   Drug: D-cycloserine;   Other: fMRI
Outcome Measures: Aberrant Behavior Checklist (ABC) Irritability Subscale;   Clinical Global Impression (CGI) Scale;   ABC Subscales;   Vineland Maladaptive Behavior Subscales;   A modified version of the Compulsion Subscale of the Children's Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (CY-BOCS);   Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS);   Social Reciprocity Scale (SRS)
18 Recruiting Biomarkers in Autism of Aripiprazole and Risperidone Treatment (BAART)
Condition: Autistic Disorder
Interventions: Drug: Aripiprazole;   Drug: Risperidone
Outcome Measure: To identify phenotypic and genetic traits that predict response to aripiprazole and risperidone in Autistic Disorder
19 Recruiting Low-Dose Adjunctive Aripiprazole in the Treatment of Bipolar Depression: Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Pilot Study
Conditions: Bipolar Disorder;   Depressive Episode
Interventions: Drug: Low dose Adjunctive Aripiprazole;   Drug: placebo
Outcome Measure: Response rate
20 Recruiting A Double-Blind, Controlled Study of Aripiprazole in Co-Morbid Schizophrenia and Cocaine Dependence
Conditions: Schizophrenia;   Cocaine Dependence
Interventions: Drug: Aripiprazole;   Drug: Perphenazine
Outcome Measures: The proportion of negative urine drug screen results will be significantly greater in the subjects treated with aripiprazole than in those treated with perphenazine.;   The mean total self-report cocaine use days will be significantly fewer in subjects treated with aripiprazole than in those treated with perphenazine.;   The mean cocaine craving scores will be lower in subjects treated with aripiprazole than in those treated with perphenazine.