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BLOOD CHOLESTEROL INCREASED and FOSAMAX

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BLOOD CHOLESTEROL INCREASED Symptoms and Causes

What is cholesterol?

Cholesterol is a waxy, fat-like substance that's found in all the cells in your body. Your liver makes cholesterol, and it is also in some foods, such as meat and dairy products. Your body needs some cholesterol to work properly. But if you have too much cholesterol in your blood, you have a higher risk of coronary artery disease.

How do you measure cholesterol levels?

A blood test called a lipoprotein panel can measure your cholesterol levels. Before the test, you'll need to fast (not eat or drink anything but water) for 9 to 12 hours. The test gives information about your

  • Total cholesterol - a measure of the total amount of cholesterol in your blood. It includes the two types - low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol.
  • LDL (bad) cholesterol - the main source of cholesterol buildup and blockage in the arteries
  • HDL (good) cholesterol - HDL helps remove cholesterol from your arteries
  • Non-HDL - this number is your total cholesterol minus your HDL. Your non-HDL includes LDL and other types of cholesterol such as VLDL (very-low-density lipoprotein).
  • Triglycerides - another form of fat in your blood that can raise your risk for heart disease, especially in women
What do my cholesterol numbers mean?

Cholesterol numbers are measured in milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL). Here are the healthy levels of cholesterol, based on your age and gender:

Anyone age 19 or younger:

Type of CholesterolHealthy LevelTotal CholesterolLess than 170mg/dLNon-HDLLess than 120mg/dLLDLLess than 100mg/dLHDLMore than 45mg/dL

Men age 20 or older:

Type of CholesterolHealthy LevelTotal Cholesterol125 to 200mg/dLNon-HDLLess than 130mg/dLLDLLess than 100mg/dLHDL40mg/dL or higher

Women age 20 or older:

Type of CholesterolHealthy LevelTotal Cholesterol125 to 200mg/dLNon-HDLLess than 130mg/dLLDLLess than 100mg/dLHDL50mg/dL or higher

Triglycerides are not a type of cholesterol, but they are part of a lipoprotein panel (the test that measures cholesterol levels). A normal triglyceride level is below 150 mg/dL. You might need treatment if you have triglyceride levels that are borderline high (150-199 mg/dL) or high (200 mg/dL or more).

How often should I get a cholesterol test?

When and how often you should get a cholesterol test depends on your age, risk factors, and family history. The general recommendations are:

For people who are age 19 or younger:

  • The first test should be between ages 9 to 11
  • Children should have the test again every 5 years
  • Some children may have this test starting at age 2 if there is a family history of high blood cholesterol, heart attack, or stroke

For people who are age 20 or older:

  • Younger adults should have the test every 5 years
  • Men ages 45 to 65 and women ages 55 to 65 should have it every 1 to 2 years
What affects my cholesterol levels?

A variety of things can affect cholesterol levels. These are some things you can do to lower your cholesterol levels:

  • Diet. Saturated fat and cholesterol in the food you eat make your blood cholesterol level rise. Saturated fat is the main problem, but cholesterol in foods also matters. Reducing the amount of saturated fat in your diet helps lower your blood cholesterol level. Foods that have high levels of saturated fats include some meats, dairy products, chocolate, baked goods, and deep-fried and processed foods.
  • Weight. Being overweight is a risk factor for heart disease. It also tends to increase your cholesterol. Losing weight can help lower your LDL (bad) cholesterol, total cholesterol, and triglyceride levels. It also raises your HDL (good) cholesterol level.
  • Physical Activity. Not being physically active is a risk factor for heart disease. Regular physical activity can help lower LDL (bad) cholesterol and raise HDL (good) cholesterol levels. It also helps you lose weight. You should try to be physically active for 30 minutes on most, if not all, days.
  • Smoking.Cigarette smoking lowers your HDL (good) cholesterol. HDL helps to remove bad cholesterol from your arteries. So a lower HDL can contribute to a higher level of bad cholesterol.

Things outside of your control that can also affect cholesterol levels include:

  • Age and Gender. As women and men get older, their cholesterol levels rise. Before the age of menopause, women have lower total cholesterol levels than men of the same age. After the age of menopause, women's LDL (bad) cholesterol levels tend to rise.
  • Heredity. Your genes partly determine how much cholesterol your body makes. High blood cholesterol can run in families.
  • Race. Certain races may have an increased risk of high blood cholesterol. For example, African Americans typically have higher HDL and LDL cholesterol levels than whites.
How can I lower my cholesterol?

There are two main ways to lower your cholesterol:

  • Heart-healthy lifestyle changes, which include:
    • Heart-healthy eating. A heart-healthy eating plan limits the amount of saturated and trans fats that you eat. Examples include the Therapeutic Lifestyle Changes diet and the DASH Eating Plan.
    • Weight Management. If you are overweight, losing weight can help lower your LDL (bad) cholesterol.
    • Physical Activity. Everyone should get regular physical activity (30 minutes on most, if not all, days).
    • Managing stress. Research has shown that chronic stress can sometimes raise your LDL cholesterol and lower your HDL cholesterol.
    • Quitting smoking.Quitting smoking can raise your HDL cholesterol. Since HDL helps to remove LDL cholesterol from your arteries, having more HDL can help to lower your LDL cholesterol.
  • Drug Treatment. If lifestyle changes alone do not lower your cholesterol enough, you may also need to take medicines. There are several types of cholesterol medicines available, including statins. The medicines work in different ways and can have different side effects. Talk to your health care provider about which one is right for you. While you are taking medicines to lower your cholesterol, you should continue with the lifestyle changes.

NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Check out the latest treatments for BLOOD CHOLESTEROL INCREASED

BLOOD CHOLESTEROL INCREASED treatment research studies

FOSAMAX clinical trials, surveys and public health registries


Find Drug Side Effect reports



FOSAMAX Side Effects

Femur Fracture (5674)
Anxiety (3177)
Osteonecrosis (2820)
Fall (2638)
Depression (2384)
Arthralgia (1887)
Dental Caries (1636)
Arthropathy (1621)
Back Pain (1566)
Low Turnover Osteopathy (1355)
Anaemia (1283)
Osteomyelitis (1270)
Hypertension (1242)
Blood Cholesterol Increased (1236)
Impaired Healing (1123)
Abscess (1121)
Adverse Event (1103)
Bone Density Decreased (1051)
Bone Disorder (1050)
Chest Pain (1022)
Bronchitis (915)
Tooth Disorder (890)
Arthritis (849)
Gastrooesophageal Reflux Disease (838)
Intramedullary Rod Insertion (835)
Osteonecrosis Of Jaw (834)
Cataract (805)
Osteoarthritis (784)
Osteoporosis (749)
Pain In Extremity (719)
Stress Fracture (715)
Jaw Disorder (708)
Asthma (706)
Cellulitis (697)
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (679)
Abdominal Pain (632)
Diarrhoea (584)
Asthenia (582)
Constipation (557)
Bursitis (552)
Atrial Fibrillation (550)
Pain (544)
Exostosis (531)
Fatigue (522)
Oral Infection (505)
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (503)
Dizziness (502)
Foot Fracture (501)
Hip Fracture (497)
Headache (477)

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BLOOD CHOLESTEROL INCREASED Clinical Trials and Studies

Treatments might be new drugs or new combinations of drugs, new surgical procedures or devices, or new ways to use existing treatments. The goal of clinical trials is to determine if a new test or treatment works and is safe. Clinical trials can also look at other aspects of care, such as improving the quality of life for people with chronic illnesses. People participate in clinical trials for a variety of reasons. Healthy volunteers say they participate to help others and to contribute to moving science forward. Participants with an illness or disease also participate to help others, but also to possibly receive the newest treatment and to have the additional care and attention from the clinical trial staff.
Rank Status Study
1 Not yet recruiting The Effect of Alendronate on the Immune Response to Hepatitis B Vaccine in Healthy Adults
Condition: Healthy Volunteers
Interventions: Drug: Alendronate;   Drug: Hepatitis B Vaccine;   Drug: Placebo
Outcome Measures: Safety/Adverse events;   Efficacy
2 Recruiting Testosterone and Alendronate in Hypogonadal Men
Conditions: Hypogonadism;   Osteopenia;   Osteoporosis
Interventions: Drug: Testosterone;   Drug: Alendronate;   Drug: Placebo Alendronate;   Drug: Placebo Testosterone
Outcome Measure: Spine Bone Mineral Density by DXA
3 Unknown  Alendronate for Vascular Calcification in Peritoneal Dialysis Patients?
Condition: Peritoneal Dialysis
Intervention: Drug: alendronate (Fosamax)
Outcome Measures: 1.Changes of calcification score of coronary arteries and aorta;   2.Changes of bone density;   changes of parathyroid hormone;   changes of serum calcium and phosphate level;   changes of C reactive protein;   changes of lipid profile;   adverse reactions
4 Unknown  Fosamax for Childhood Cancer Survivors
Condition: Osteoporosis
Interventions: Drug: Alendronate;   Drug: Placebo
Outcome Measures: The percent change in bone mineral density (BMD) at lumbar spine at 36-weeks in subjects who receive active and control treatments;   Changes in BMD at femoral neck;   Changes in biochemical markers of bone turnover;   Occurrence of clinical bone-related symptoms at 12-weeks and end of this study
5 Not yet recruiting RA Denosumab on Bone Microstructure Study
Condition: Rheumatoid Arthritis
Interventions: Drug: Denosumab;   Drug: Alendronate
Outcome Measures: Changes from baseline in bone volumetric density at distal radius at 6th month;   Changes from baseline in trabecular bone microarchitecture at distal radius at 6th month;   Changes from baseline in bone volumetric density at the 2nd metacarpal bone at 6th month;   Changes from baseline in trabecular bone microarchitecture at 2nd metacarpal bone at 6th month;   Changes from baseline in areal bone density at total hip at 6th month;   Changes from baseline in areal bone density at lumbar spine at 6th month;   Changes in areal bone density at distal radius at 6th month;   Changes from baseline in bone volumetric density at distal radius at 3rd month;   Changes from baseline in trabecular bone microarchitecture at distal radius at 3rd month;   Changes from baseline in bone volumetric density at the 2nd metacarpal bone at 3rd month;   Changes from baseline in trabecular bone microarchitecture at 2nd metacarpal bone at 3rd month;   Changes from baseline in areal bone density at total hip at 3rd month;   Changes from baseline in areal bone density at lumbar spine at 3rd month;   Changes in areal bone density at distal radius at 3rd month
6 Recruiting Study to Determine the Efficacy and Safety of Romosozumab in the Treatment of Postmenopausal Women With Osteoporosis
Condition: Postmenopausal Women With Osteoporosis
Interventions: Drug: Romosozumab;   Drug: Alendronate
Outcome Measures: Incidence of clinical fracture;   Incidence of new vertebral fracture;   Incidence of fracture;   Percent changes in DXA Bone Mineral Density from baseline to 12 months;   Percent changes in DXA Bone Mineral Density from baseline to 24 months;   Percent changes in DXA Bone Mineral Density from baseline to 36 months
7 Not yet recruiting Bone Antiresorptive Therapy With Antiretroviral Initiation (BATARI) Pilot Trial
Condition: HIV
Intervention: Drug: alendronate/vitamin D
Outcome Measures: Percentage changes in BMD at a) the lumbar spine and b) proximal femur;   Feasibility;   Acceptability;   Safety/Tolerability;   Adherence;   Bone Biomarkers
8 Not yet recruiting Study Investigating the Effect of Drugs Used to Treat Osteoporosis on the Progression of Calcific Aortic Stenosis.
Condition: Calcific Aortic Stenosis
Interventions: Drug: Denosumab;   Drug: Alendronic Acid;   Drug: Denosumab Placebo;   Drug: Alendronic Acid Placebo
Outcome Measures: Change in aortic valve calcium score;   Change in aortic valve 18F-NaF uptake;   Change in aortic-jet velocity;   Change in thoracic aortic and coronary artery calcium score;   Change in thoracic spine bone mineral density;   Change in quality of life determined by Short Form 36 Questionnaire
9 Recruiting Comparison of the Effect of an Ongoing Treatment With Alendronate or a Drug Holiday on the Fracture Risk in Osteoporotic Patients With Bisphosphonate Long Term Therapy
Condition: Osteoporosis
Interventions: Drug: Alendronate;   Drug: Placebo
Outcome Measures: Incidence of new osteoporotic fractures;   Equivalence of deaths with and without continued bisphosphonate therapy;   Incidence of the combination of fractures and deaths
10 Recruiting Bone Healing After Dental Extraction in Postmenopausal Osteoporotic Women Treated With Alendronate Per os Weekly
Condition: Alveolar Bone Healing After Dental Extraction
Intervention: Procedure: Dental extraction
Outcome Measures: Alveolar socket filled by new bone;   Mucosal injury
11 Unknown  The Study of the Early Administration of Alendronate on Prevention of Bone Loss After Hip Fracture.
Condition: Osteoporosis
Intervention: Drug: Alendronate
Outcome Measure:
12 Unknown  Osteoporosis and Dental Implant
Condition: Osteoporosis
Interventions: Drug: alendronate once weekly 70mg;   Drug: placebo
Outcome Measure: Dental CT
13 Unknown  Randomized Study of Alendronate in Adult Patients With Cystic Fibrosis Related Osteoporosis
Conditions: Osteoporosis;   Cystic Fibrosis
Interventions: Drug: alendronate sodium;   Drug: calcium carbonate;   Drug: cholecalciferol
Outcome Measure:
14 Unknown  Phase II Randomized Study of Alendronate Sodium for Osteopenia in Patients With Gaucher's Disease
Conditions: Gaucher's Disease;   Osteopenia
Interventions: Drug: alendronate sodium;   Drug: calcium carbonate;   Drug: cholecalciferol
Outcome Measure:
15 Unknown  Pharmacokinetics of Maxmarvil® in Healthy Postmenopausal Women
Condition: Osteoporosis
Intervention: Drug: Maxmarvil®
Outcome Measure: analysis of Alendronate concentrate
16 Recruiting Stem Cell Recruitment in Osteoporosis Therapy
Condition: Low Bone Density
Interventions: Drug: Teriparatide;   Drug: Alendronate;   Dietary Supplement: calcium and vitamin D
Outcome Measures: Number of Stro-1+ MSCs at bone resorption sites in bone biopsies of subjects treated with PTH or ALN.;   Number of p-Smad 2/3+ cells/mm2 at active resorption sites on bone biopsy specimens of subjects treated with PTH or ALN.;   The percent increase in Stro-1+/CD146+ cells in the blood before and after treatment with PTH or ALN.;   Number of human Stro-1+ MSCs at bone resorption sites in bone of Rag2-/- mice reconstituted with human bone marrow derived from subjects treated with PTH or ALN.
17 Recruiting Twenty Four Month Extension Study of BA058-05-003
Condition: Postmenopausal Osteoporosis
Intervention: Drug: Alendronate
Outcome Measures: Safety;   Vertebral Fracture Incidence;   Non-vertebral Fracture Incidence
18 Recruiting Bisphosphonate Biomarker Study
Conditions: Osteoporosis, With or Without Treatment;   Bisphosphonate Treatment;   Atypical Femur Fracture;   Bisphosphonate Related Osteonecrosis of the Jaws (BRONJ);   Healthy Volunteers
Intervention:
Outcome Measures: Absorption, Distribution, Metabolism, Excretion (ADME) Profiling of DNA from all sample types vs. normative data for the ADME panel and across study groups;   Differential expression of miRNA biomarkers across participant groups within the study
19 Recruiting Effectiveness of DiscontinuinG bisphosphonatEs Study: R21 Pilot Study
Condition: Osteoporosis
Intervention: Drug: Alendronate
Outcome Measures: Clinical site recruitment rate;   Participant recruitment rate;   Contracting and procedures;   Administrative procedures;   Osteonecrosis of the jaw;   Atypical femoral fracture;   Clinical fracture rate
20 Recruiting Acute Effect of Teriparatide With Bisphosphonate or Denosumab on Bone Resorption
Condition: Postmenopausal Osteoporosis
Intervention: Drug: Teriparatide 40-mcg subcutaneous injection
Outcome Measure: Bone turnover marker (blood sample)