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BLOOD CHOLESTEROL INCREASED and Metformin

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BLOOD CHOLESTEROL INCREASED Symptoms and Causes

What is cholesterol?

Cholesterol is a waxy, fat-like substance that's found in all the cells in your body. Your liver makes cholesterol, and it is also in some foods, such as meat and dairy products. Your body needs some cholesterol to work properly. But if you have too much cholesterol in your blood, you have a higher risk of coronary artery disease.

How do you measure cholesterol levels?

A blood test called a lipoprotein panel can measure your cholesterol levels. Before the test, you'll need to fast (not eat or drink anything but water) for 9 to 12 hours. The test gives information about your

  • Total cholesterol - a measure of the total amount of cholesterol in your blood. It includes the two types - low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol.
  • LDL (bad) cholesterol - the main source of cholesterol buildup and blockage in the arteries
  • HDL (good) cholesterol - HDL helps remove cholesterol from your arteries
  • Non-HDL - this number is your total cholesterol minus your HDL. Your non-HDL includes LDL and other types of cholesterol such as VLDL (very-low-density lipoprotein).
  • Triglycerides - another form of fat in your blood that can raise your risk for heart disease, especially in women
What do my cholesterol numbers mean?

Cholesterol numbers are measured in milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL). Here are the healthy levels of cholesterol, based on your age and gender:

Anyone age 19 or younger:

Type of CholesterolHealthy LevelTotal CholesterolLess than 170mg/dLNon-HDLLess than 120mg/dLLDLLess than 100mg/dLHDLMore than 45mg/dL

Men age 20 or older:

Type of CholesterolHealthy LevelTotal Cholesterol125 to 200mg/dLNon-HDLLess than 130mg/dLLDLLess than 100mg/dLHDL40mg/dL or higher

Women age 20 or older:

Type of CholesterolHealthy LevelTotal Cholesterol125 to 200mg/dLNon-HDLLess than 130mg/dLLDLLess than 100mg/dLHDL50mg/dL or higher

Triglycerides are not a type of cholesterol, but they are part of a lipoprotein panel (the test that measures cholesterol levels). A normal triglyceride level is below 150 mg/dL. You might need treatment if you have triglyceride levels that are borderline high (150-199 mg/dL) or high (200 mg/dL or more).

How often should I get a cholesterol test?

When and how often you should get a cholesterol test depends on your age, risk factors, and family history. The general recommendations are:

For people who are age 19 or younger:

  • The first test should be between ages 9 to 11
  • Children should have the test again every 5 years
  • Some children may have this test starting at age 2 if there is a family history of high blood cholesterol, heart attack, or stroke

For people who are age 20 or older:

  • Younger adults should have the test every 5 years
  • Men ages 45 to 65 and women ages 55 to 65 should have it every 1 to 2 years
What affects my cholesterol levels?

A variety of things can affect cholesterol levels. These are some things you can do to lower your cholesterol levels:

  • Diet. Saturated fat and cholesterol in the food you eat make your blood cholesterol level rise. Saturated fat is the main problem, but cholesterol in foods also matters. Reducing the amount of saturated fat in your diet helps lower your blood cholesterol level. Foods that have high levels of saturated fats include some meats, dairy products, chocolate, baked goods, and deep-fried and processed foods.
  • Weight. Being overweight is a risk factor for heart disease. It also tends to increase your cholesterol. Losing weight can help lower your LDL (bad) cholesterol, total cholesterol, and triglyceride levels. It also raises your HDL (good) cholesterol level.
  • Physical Activity. Not being physically active is a risk factor for heart disease. Regular physical activity can help lower LDL (bad) cholesterol and raise HDL (good) cholesterol levels. It also helps you lose weight. You should try to be physically active for 30 minutes on most, if not all, days.
  • Smoking.Cigarette smoking lowers your HDL (good) cholesterol. HDL helps to remove bad cholesterol from your arteries. So a lower HDL can contribute to a higher level of bad cholesterol.

Things outside of your control that can also affect cholesterol levels include:

  • Age and Gender. As women and men get older, their cholesterol levels rise. Before the age of menopause, women have lower total cholesterol levels than men of the same age. After the age of menopause, women's LDL (bad) cholesterol levels tend to rise.
  • Heredity. Your genes partly determine how much cholesterol your body makes. High blood cholesterol can run in families.
  • Race. Certain races may have an increased risk of high blood cholesterol. For example, African Americans typically have higher HDL and LDL cholesterol levels than whites.
How can I lower my cholesterol?

There are two main ways to lower your cholesterol:

  • Heart-healthy lifestyle changes, which include:
    • Heart-healthy eating. A heart-healthy eating plan limits the amount of saturated and trans fats that you eat. Examples include the Therapeutic Lifestyle Changes diet and the DASH Eating Plan.
    • Weight Management. If you are overweight, losing weight can help lower your LDL (bad) cholesterol.
    • Physical Activity. Everyone should get regular physical activity (30 minutes on most, if not all, days).
    • Managing stress. Research has shown that chronic stress can sometimes raise your LDL cholesterol and lower your HDL cholesterol.
    • Quitting smoking.Quitting smoking can raise your HDL cholesterol. Since HDL helps to remove LDL cholesterol from your arteries, having more HDL can help to lower your LDL cholesterol.
  • Drug Treatment. If lifestyle changes alone do not lower your cholesterol enough, you may also need to take medicines. There are several types of cholesterol medicines available, including statins. The medicines work in different ways and can have different side effects. Talk to your health care provider about which one is right for you. While you are taking medicines to lower your cholesterol, you should continue with the lifestyle changes.

NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Check out the latest treatments for BLOOD CHOLESTEROL INCREASED

BLOOD CHOLESTEROL INCREASED treatment research studies

Metformin clinical trials, surveys and public health registries


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Metformin Side Effects

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Haemodialysis (566)
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Weight Decreased (196)
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Pancreatitis Acute (175)
Blood Glucose Decreased (163)
Pain (161)
Shock (159)
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Been on metformin for 4 days so far for Pcos and have eaten it with food and i am having sever diahrea and cramps. i have to take 500mg once a day for 2 weeks and then 2 times a day for 2 weeks and then 3 times a day and i dunno how to make

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By using the medicine for 3 months,there was symptoms of impotency.

Coma causing motor cycle accident. brain damage. family difficulties not being able to work causing financial problems

Ever since I started taking Metformin almost a year now, I have had a cough and it will not go away.

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BLOOD CHOLESTEROL INCREASED Clinical Trials and Studies

Treatments might be new drugs or new combinations of drugs, new surgical procedures or devices, or new ways to use existing treatments. The goal of clinical trials is to determine if a new test or treatment works and is safe. Clinical trials can also look at other aspects of care, such as improving the quality of life for people with chronic illnesses. People participate in clinical trials for a variety of reasons. Healthy volunteers say they participate to help others and to contribute to moving science forward. Participants with an illness or disease also participate to help others, but also to possibly receive the newest treatment and to have the additional care and attention from the clinical trial staff.
Rank Status Study
1 Recruiting Influence of the Use of the Diabetic Drug Metformin on the Overall Survival and Treatment-related Toxicity in Advanced Stage Non-small Cell Lung Cancer Patients.
Condition: Non Small Cell Lung Cancer
Intervention:
Outcome Measures: Assessment of Metformin use;   Assessment of insulin use;   Overall assessment of overall survival and toxicity factors
2 Recruiting Study of Saxagliptin, 5-Hydroxy Saxagliptin, and Metformin Concentrations/Levels in Pediatric Subjects With T2DM
Condition: Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Interventions: Drug: Metformin IR;   Drug: Saxagliptin;   Drug: Saxagliptin/Metformin XR FDC;   Drug: Metformin XR
Outcome Measures: Maximum observed plasma concentration (Cmax) of Saxagliptin;   Area under the plasma concentration-time curve from time zero to 24 hours [AUC(0-24)] of Saxagliptin;   Area under the plasma concentration-time curve from time zero extrapolated to infinite time [AUC(INF)] of Saxagliptin;   Maximum observed plasma concentration (Cmax) of 5-hydroxy Saxagliptin;   Area under the plasma concentration-time curve from time zero to 24 hours [AUC(0-24)] of 5-hydroxy Saxagliptin;   Area under the plasma concentration-time curve from time zero extrapolated to infinite time [AUC(INF)] of 5-hydroxy Saxagliptin;   Maximum observed plasma concentration (Cmax) of Metformin;   Area under the plasma concentration-time curve from time zero to 24 hours [AUC(0-24)] of Metformin;   Area under the plasma concentration-time curve from time zero to 12 hours [AUC(0-12)] of Metformin;   Safety: based on medical review of adverse event reports and the results of vital sign measurements, ECGs, physical examinations, and clinical laboratory tests;   Formulation swallowability of Saxagliptin-Metformin FDC tablet, Glucophage® IR tablet and Glucophage® XR tablet
3 Not yet recruiting Dose Comparisons of Leucine-Metformin Combinations on Blood Glucose Levels In Type 2 Diabetic Patients
Condition: Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Interventions: Drug: Low Metformin;   Drug: Metformin;   Drug: Mid Metformin;   Drug: High Metformin
Outcome Measures: Change In Fasting Plasma Glucose;   Gastrointestinal Effects;   Change in Baseline-Corrected Plasma Glucose and Insulin Area Under The Concentration Curves;   Change in Insulin Secretory Rates;   Change in Fasting Plasma Lipids;   Change in HbA1c;   Change in HOMA-IR;   Change In 7-Point Glucose Profiles;   Change In Serial Blood Glucose Concentrations;   Safety and Tolerability
4 Unknown  Reducing Antipsychotic-Induced Weight Gain in Children With Metformin
Conditions: Obesity;   Weight Gain;   Psychotropic Induced Weight Gain
Intervention: Drug: Metformin
Outcome Measures: Change in weight;   Weight trajectory based on length of intervention and factors that predict response to Metformin
5 Recruiting PK Study Comparing Metformin Eicosapentaenoate to a Combined Dose of Metformin Hydrochloride and Ethyl Ester EPA
Conditions: Diabetes Mellitus, Non-Insulin-Dependent;   Hypertriglyceridemia
Interventions: Drug: Metformin Eicosapentaenoate;   Drug: Metformin HCl and Vascepa
Outcome Measure: AUC following single and repeat single oral administration of Metformin eicosapentaenoate, Metformin hydrochloride and Vascepa
6 Recruiting Study of Metformin With Simvastatin for Men With Prostate Carcinoma
Condition: Prostate Carcinoma
Interventions: Drug: Metformin;   Drug: Simvastatin
Outcome Measures: Efficacy, as measured by an improvement in PSA doubling time (PSADT) between baseline and 6 months, of the combination of Metformin plus simvastatin in patients with recurrent prostate cancer following definitive treatment.;   Time to protocol-specified event for men treated with the combination of Metformin plus simvastatin.;   Pattern of change in log PSA levels and PSA velocity over time during treatment with Metformin plus simvastatin.;   Associations between changes in metabolic parameters (fasting glucose/insulin/lipid panel/leptin/adiponectin and others) with the pattern of change in log PSA levels.
7 Recruiting Efficacy and Safety of Alogliptin and Metformin Fixed-dose Combination in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes
Condition: Diabetes Mellitus
Interventions: Drug: Alogliptin;   Drug: Metformin HCl;   Drug: Alogliptin and Metformin fixed-dose combination (FDC);   Drug: Alogliptin placebo;   Drug: Metformin placebo;   Drug: Alogliptin and Metformin FDC placebo
Outcome Measures: Change From Baseline to Week 26 (or Early Termination) in Glycosylated Hemoglobin (HbA1c);   Change From Baseline in HbA1c Over Time;   Change From Baseline in Fasting Plasma Glucose Over Time;   Time to hyperglycemic rescue event;   Percentage of Participants Meeting Rescue Criteria;   Percentage of Participants With Marked Hyperglycemia;   Change From Baseline in Body Weight Over Time;   Percentage of Participants With Glycosylated Hemoglobin ≤ 6.5%;   Percentage of Participants With Glycosylated Hemoglobin ≤ 7.0%;   Percentage of Participants With Glycosylated Hemoglobin ≤ 7.5%;   Percentage of Participants With a Decrease in Glycosylated Hemoglobin ≥ 0.5%;   Percentage of Participants With a Decrease in Glycosylated Hemoglobin ≥ 1.0%;   Percentage of Participants With a Decrease in Glycosylated Hemoglobin ≥ 1.5%;   Percentage of Participants With a Decrease in Glycosylated Hemoglobin ≥ 2.0%
8 Recruiting Bioequivalence of a Medium, Fixed Dose Combination Tablet of Linagliptin/Metformin Extended Release in Healthy Subjects.
Condition: Healthy
Interventions: Drug: Linagliptin;   Drug: Metformin;   Drug: Linagliptin/Metformin FDC
Outcome Measures: Area under the concentration-time curve of linagliptin in plasma over the time interval from 0 to 72 hours (AUC0-72);   Maximum measured concentration of linagliptin in plasma (Cmax);   Area under the concentration-time curve of Metformin in plasma over the time interval from 0 to the last quantifiable data point (AUC0-tz);   Cmax of Metformin in plasma;   Area under the concentration-time curve of linagliptin and Metformin in plasma over the time interval from 0 extrapolated to infinity (AUC0-inf);   AUC0-inf of Metformin in plasma
9 Recruiting Phase 4: Investigational Study to Evaluate Metformin XR Monotherapy Versus Metformin IR Monotherapy in Subjects With Type 2 Diabetes
Condition: Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Interventions: Drug: Metformin XR;   Drug: Metformin IR;   Drug: Placebo matching with Metformin XR;   Drug: Placebo matching with Metformin IR
Outcome Measures: Mean change in glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) from baseline to Week 24;   Mean change in fasting plasma glucose (FPG) from baseline to Week 24;   Mean change in Mean Daily Glucose (MDG) from baseline to Week 24;   Percent of subjects with HbA1c <7%
10 Recruiting Targeting Pathways in Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) Using Metformin (MET)
Condition: Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
Intervention: Drug: Metformin
Outcome Measures: Change in Insulin Sensitivity (SI) after 3 Months of Metformin Therapy;   Change in Peripheral Flow-Mediated Vasodilatation after 3 Months of Metformin Therapy
11 Recruiting A Study of Metformin With or Without Rapamycin as Maintenance Therapy After Induction Chemotherapy in Subjects With Pancreatic Cancer
Condition: Metastatic Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma
Interventions: Drug: Metformin alone (Arm A);   Drug: Metformin (Arm B);   Drug: rapamycin (Arm B)
Outcome Measure: safety and feasibility
12 Recruiting Saxagliptin + Metformin Compared to Saxagliptin or Metformin Monotherapy in PCOS Women With Impaired Glucose Homeostasis
Conditions: Polycystic Ovary Syndrome;   Disorder of Glucose Regulation
Interventions: Drug: Metformin XR;   Drug: Saxagliptin;   Drug: Saxagliptin-Metformin XR
Outcome Measures: Fasting and 2 hour glucose levels after glucose load;   ß-cell compensatory function;   Surrogate measures of insulin sensitivity and secretion;   Cardiometabolic risk factors;   Free androgen index
13 Recruiting Bioequivalence of a Low, Fixed Dose Combination Tablet of Linagliptin/Metformin Extended Release in Healthy Subjects
Condition: Healthy
Interventions: Drug: Linagliptin;   Drug: Linagliptin/Metformin ER FDC;   Drug: Metformin ER
Outcome Measures: Area under the concentration-time curve of linagliptin in plasma over the time interval from 0 to 72 hours (AUC0-72);   Maximum measured concentration of linagliptin in plasma (Cmax);   Area under the concentration-time curve of Metformin in plasma over the time interval from 0 to the last quantifiable data point (AUC0-tz);   Cmax of Metformin in plasma;   Area under the concentration-time curve of linagliptin in plasma over the time interval from 0 extrapolated to infinity (AUC0-inf);   AUC0-inf of Metformin in plasma
14 Recruiting Bioequivalence of a High, Fixed Dose Combination Tablet of Linagliptin/Metformin Extended Release in Healthy Subjects
Condition: Healthy
Interventions: Drug: Linagliptin/Metformin ER FDC;   Drug: Linagliptin;   Drug: Metformin ER
Outcome Measures: Area under the concentration-time curve of linagliptin in plasma over the time interval from 0 to 72 hours (AUC0-72);   Maximum measured concentration of linagliptin in plasma (Cmax);   Area under the concentration-time curve of Metformin in plasma over the time interval from 0 to the last quantifiable data point (AUC0-tz);   Cmax of Metformin in plasma;   Area under the concentration-time curve of Metformin in plasma over the time interval from 0 extrapolated to infinity (AUC0-inf);   AUC0-inf of linagliptin in plasma
15 Recruiting Relative Bioavailability of Multiple Oral Doses of BI 187004 and Metformin After Co-administration Compared to Multiple Oral Doses of BI 187004 Alone and Metformin Alone in Healthy Male Subjects
Condition: Healthy
Interventions: Drug: Metformin;   Drug: BI 187004
Outcome Measures: AUCt,ss (area under the concentration-time curve of the analyte in plasma at steady state over a uniform dosing interval t) for BI 187004;   AUCt,ss (area under the concentration-time curve of the analyte in plasma at steady state over a uniform dosing interval t) for Metformin;   Cmax,ss (Maximum measured concentration of the analyte in plasma at steady state over a uniform dosing interval t) for BI 187004;   Cmax,ss (Maximum measured concentration of the analyte in plasma at steady state over a uniform dosing interval t) for Metformin
16 Recruiting Metformin for the Treatment of Endometrial Hyperplasia
Conditions: Endometrial Hyperplasia;   Endometrial Hyperplasia Without Atypia
Intervention: Drug: Metformin
Outcome Measures: Response Rate;   Toxicity evaluation;   Patient Compliance;   Potential molecular markers in response to treatment with Metformin
17 Not yet recruiting A Study With or Without Metformin to Determine if Metformin Can Prevent Weight Gain and Other Problems (i.e. Diabetes, Increased Cholesterol, Etc.) That Can Arise From the Use of Hormonal Therapy in Combination With Radiation Therapy When Treating Aggressive Localized Prostate Cancer.
Condition: Prostatic Neoplasm
Interventions: Drug: Metformin;   Drug: Placebo
Outcome Measures: Mean body weight at 12 months of follow-up;   Prevalence and incidence of Metabolic Syndrome
18 Recruiting Phase II Study of Metformin for Reduction of Obesity-Associated Breast Cancer Risk
Condition: Breast Cancer Prevention
Interventions: Drug: Metformin;   Drug: Placebo
Outcome Measures: change from baseline in breast density at 6 and 12 months;   change from baseline in serum insulin levels at 6 and 12 months;   change from baseline in serum IGF-1 to IGFBP-3 ratio at 6 and 12 months;   change from baseline in serum testosterone levels at 6 and 12 months;   change from baseline in serum leptin to adiponectin ratio at 6 and 12 months;   change from baseline in body weight at 6 and 12 months;   change from baseline in waist circumference at 6 and 12 months;   change from baseline in serum IGF-2 levels at 6 and 12 months
19 Not yet recruiting The Effect of Simple Basal Insulin Titration, Metformin Plus Liraglutide for Type 2 Diabetes With Very Elevated HbA1c - The SIMPLE Study
Conditions: Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2;   Diabetes
Interventions: Drug: Metformin;   Drug: Detemir;   Drug: Liraglutide;   Drug: Insulin Aspart
Outcome Measures: Composite end-point;   Mean change from randomization in A1c at week 26;   Percentage of patients reaching target A1c of <7% at week 26;   Percentage of patients reaching pre-specified "treatment failure" outcome;   Mean change from randomization in body weight;   Percentage of patients who lost 5% or more of body weight from randomization;   Hypoglycemic episodes;   Percentage of patients experiencing any hypoglycemic episode;   Diabetes Quality of Life (DQOL)questionnaire score;   Short Form-36 (SF-36) questionnaire score;   Number of daily injections;   Health care cost, total;   Health care cost, diabetes-related;   Number of titration events by healthcare professional;   Number of titration events by patient;   Healthcare provider time during scheduled office (minutes/visit);   Healthcare provider time, unscheduled (total minutes);   Compliance with pharmacologic therapy;   Change in LDL cholesterol from baseline to week 26;   Change in triglycerides from baseline;   7-point glucose profiles over 2 consecutive days
20 Recruiting Neoadjuvant Letrozole Plus Metformin vs Letrozole Plus Placebo for ER-positive Postmenopausal Breast Cancer
Condition: Hormone Receptor Positive Malignant Neoplasm of Breast
Interventions: Drug: Metformin;   Drug: Placebo
Outcome Measures: Clinical response rate;   Pathologic complete response rate;   Changes of Ki67(%);   Breast conservation rate;   Breast density change;   Toxicity profile of letrozole and Metformin