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BRONCHITIS and Metronidazole

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BRONCHITIS Symptoms and Causes

Bronchitis is an inflammation of the bronchial tubes, the airways that carry air to your lungs. It causes a cough that often brings up mucus. It can also cause shortness of breath, wheezing, a low fever, and chest tightness. There are two main types of Bronchitis: acute and chronic.

Most cases of acute Bronchitis get better within several days. But your cough can last for several weeks after the infection is gone.

The same viruses that cause colds and the flu often cause acute Bronchitis. These viruses spread through the air when people cough, or though physical contact (for example, on unwashed hands). Being exposed to tobacco smoke, air pollution, dusts, vapors, and fumes can also cause acute Bronchitis. Less often, bacteria can also cause acute Bronchitis.

To diagnose acute Bronchitis, your health care provider will ask about your symptoms and listen to your breathing. You may also have other tests.

Treatments include rest, fluids, and aspirin (for adults) or acetaminophen to treat fever. A humidifier or steam can also help. You may need inhaled medicine to open your airways if you are wheezing. Antibiotics won't help if the cause is viral. You may get antibiotics if the cause is bacterial.

NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Check out the latest treatments for BRONCHITIS

BRONCHITIS treatment research studies

Metronidazole clinical trials, surveys and public health registries


Find Drug Side Effect reports



Metronidazole Side Effects

Dysarthria (124)
Dizziness (124)
Vomiting (119)
Nausea (108)
Encephalopathy (106)
Diarrhoea (102)
Paraesthesia (93)
Headache (88)
Confusional State (80)
Ataxia (80)
Toxic Encephalopathy (71)
Pruritus (67)
Gait Disturbance (62)
Neuropathy Peripheral (60)
Pain (60)
Pyrexia (58)
Cerebellar Syndrome (58)
Rash (56)
Urticaria (51)
Malaise (49)
Neurotoxicity (44)
Anaphylactic Reaction (44)
Abdominal Pain (43)
Dyspnoea (42)
Anxiety (41)
Dysgeusia (41)
International Normalised Ratio Increased (39)
Asthenia (38)
Hypoaesthesia (37)
Fatigue (37)
Convulsion (34)
Somnolence (34)
Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Imaging Brain Abnormal (32)
Pain In Extremity (31)
Coordination Abnormal (31)
Arthralgia (31)
Abdominal Pain Upper (30)
Balance Disorder (30)
Clostridium Difficile Colitis (30)
Depression (30)
Chest Pain (30)
Cerebellar Ataxia (29)
Insomnia (28)
Dysphagia (27)
Condition Aggravated (27)
Feeling Abnormal (27)
Psychotic Disorder (27)
Nystagmus (26)
Liver Function Test Abnormal (26)
Muscular Weakness (25)

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Recent Reviews

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Advair... This was in thesummer of 2004. I had walking pnemonia. Advaid made it worse. I started getting headaches, I couldn't breath and developed bronchitis I coughed all the time. After taking it and for the next four years,I w

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BRONCHITIS Clinical Trials and Studies

Treatments might be new drugs or new combinations of drugs, new surgical procedures or devices, or new ways to use existing treatments. The goal of clinical trials is to determine if a new test or treatment works and is safe. Clinical trials can also look at other aspects of care, such as improving the quality of life for people with chronic illnesses. People participate in clinical trials for a variety of reasons. Healthy volunteers say they participate to help others and to contribute to moving science forward. Participants with an illness or disease also participate to help others, but also to possibly receive the newest treatment and to have the additional care and attention from the clinical trial staff.
Rank Status Study
1 Recruiting Tolerance and Effect of a Prophylactical Treatment With Ivy Leaves Dry Extract in Recurrent Wheezy Bronchitis
Conditions: Acute Wheezy Bronchitis;   Recurrent Bronchitis
Intervention: Drug: Prospan Syrup
Outcome Measures: the time to event (next Bronchitis episode) rate during and after treatment period;   days and percentage of days without Bronchitis during and after treatment period;   days and percentage of days without Bronchitis during treatment period
2 Recruiting Effect of Supplementation With Vitamin D on the Acute Bronchitis Prevention During the First Year of Life
Conditions: Acute Bronchitis;   Upper Respiratory Tract Infection;   Acute Bronchiolitis
Interventions: Drug: Vitamin D3;   Drug: Placebo
Outcome Measures: Percentage of children with acute Bronchitis;   Number of episodes of upper respiratory infections reported by parents in the first year of life
3 Recruiting International Plastic Bronchitis Registry
Condition: Plastic Bronchitis
Intervention:
Outcome Measure: natural course and long term health outcomes
4 Recruiting Acute Bronchitis in Korea:Associated Microorganisms and Clnincal Findings.
Condition: Acute Bronchitis
Intervention:
Outcome Measure: Microorganisms (bacteria and/or viruses) related to acute Bronchitis
5 Recruiting The Effect of Bronchodilator on Eosinophilic Bronchitis and Cough Variant Asthma
Conditions: Eosinophilic Bronchitis;   Cough Variant Asthma
Intervention: Drug: Bambuterol Hydrochloride tablets
Outcome Measures: Day-time and night-time cough symptom total-score changes from baseline to day 3.;   cough sensitivity from baseline to day 3
6 Recruiting Sustained Effects of Hypertonic Saline on Mucociliary Clearance in Subjects With Chronic Bronchitis
Conditions: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease;   COPD;   Chronic Bronchitis
Intervention: Other: Inhaled HS home treatment
Outcome Measures: Measure and compare the sustained effects on mucus clearance of two weeks of daily dosing of hypertonic saline versus a low salt control treatment for subjects with CB.;   We will also be collecting sputum and breath condensation to analyze for protein and inflammatory changes that might occur with exacerbations.
7 Recruiting N-Acetylcysteine for Patients With COPD and Chronic Bronchitis
Conditions: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease;   Chronic Bronchitis
Interventions: Drug: N-acetylcysteine;   Drug: Identical placebo pills twice daily for 8 weeks
Outcome Measure: Changes in the Saint George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ)
8 Not yet recruiting N-Acetylcysteine for Patients With COPD and Chronic Bronchitis
Conditions: COPD;   Chronic Bronchitis
Interventions: Drug: N-Acetylcysteine;   Drug: Identical Placebo manufactured to mimic appearance of intervention drug with identical frequency and duration
Outcome Measure: Changes in the Saint George's Respiratory Questionnaire
9 Recruiting Mepolizumab in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases (COPD) With Eosinophilic Bronchitis
Conditions: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases;   Chronic Airways Limitation;   Bronchitis
Interventions: Drug: Mepolizumab;   Drug: placebo
Outcome Measures: Percentage decrease of sputum eosinophils from baseline;   Proportion of patients with a major exacerbation
10 Recruiting Intravenous Magnesium in Wheezy Bronchitis
Condition: Wheezy Bronchitis
Interventions: Drug: Magnesium Sulfate;   Drug: Placebo
Outcome Measures: RDAI score;   saturation;   RDAI;   length of hospital stay
11 Not yet recruiting Study of the Prednisone Sparing Effect of Xolair (Omalizumab) in Patients With Prednisone-dependent Asthma With Eosinophilic Bronchitis
Conditions: Prednisone Dependent Asthma;   Eosinophilic Bronchitis
Interventions: Biological: Omalizumab (Xolair);   Drug: Placebo
Outcome Measures: proportion of patients with exacerbations in each study group from week 0 to week 32.;   the magnitude of the reduction in the dose of prednisone from week 12 to week 32.;   change in % sputum eosinophil;   Blood eosinophils;   Forced Expired Volume in 1 second (FEV1);   Ratio of Forced Expired Volume in 1 second to Forced Vital Capacity (FEV1/VC);   Provocative concentration causing a 20% drop in FEV1 (PC20);   Asthma Control Questionnaire;   Fraction of exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO)
12 Recruiting Therapeutic Effect of Different Treatment Course With Inhaled Corticosteroids in Eosinophilic Bronchitis Patients
Condition: Eosinophilic Bronchitis
Intervention: Drug: Inhaled budesonide
Outcome Measures: Day-time and night-time cough symptom total-score changes from baseline to last visit;   percentage of eosinophil in induced sputum from baseline to last visit
13 Unknown  Efficacy and Safety of add-on Montelukast to Inhaled Budesonide in the Treatment of Nonasthmatic Eosinophilic Bronchitis
Condition: Nonasthmatic Eosinophilic Bronchitis
Interventions: Drug: Montelukast;   Other: placebo to montelukast
Outcome Measures: cough severity rated as cough visual analogue score (VAS);   eosinophil count in induced sputum;   adverse reactions
14 Recruiting A Multi-center, Randomized, Double-blind, Double-dummy Clinical Study to Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of Prulifloxacin Film-coated Tablet for the Treatment of Acute Exacerbations of Chronic Bronchitis With Levofloxacin Hydrochloride Tablet as Active Control
Condition: Acute Exacerbations of Chronic Bronchitis
Interventions: Drug: Prulifloxacin;   Drug: Levofloxacin;   Drug: Levofloxacin Placebo;   Drug: Prulifloxacin placebo
Outcome Measures: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of prulifloxacin film-coated tablet in the treatment of acute exacerbations of chronic Bronchitis.;   safety of treatment
15 Unknown  Prospan® Hustenzäpfchen - Investigation on Efficacy and Tolerability in Children
Condition: Symptoms of Acute Bronchitis Accompanied by Coughing
Interventions: Drug: Suppositories containing Ivy leaves dry extract;   Drug: Placebo
Outcome Measures: Primary outcome measure;   Secondary variables
16 Unknown  N-Acetylcysteine for Patients With COPD and ChronicBronchitis
Conditions: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease;   Chronic Bronchitis
Interventions: Drug: N-acetylcysteine;   Drug: Oral acetylcysteine
Outcome Measure: Changes in the St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire
17 Recruiting Epidemiology and Diagnosis of Haemoptysis: a Multicenter Study
Conditions: Lung Cancer;   Tuberculosis;   Bronchiectasis;   Pneumonia;   Acute Bronchitis;   Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease;   Cryptogenic Haemoptysis
Interventions: Other: Chest X-ray;   Other: computed tomography of the chest;   Procedure: Bronchoscopy
Outcome Measures: Percentage of patients presenting with haemoptysis affected by lung cancer, tuberculosis, bronchiectasis, pneumonia, acute Bronchitis, cryptogenic haemoptysis or other causes.;   Sensitivity and specificity of chest X-ray, chest CT scan and bronchoscopy alone and in combination in the diagnosis of different causes of haemoptysis.;   Percentage and severity of recurrence of haemoptysis in the follow-up period.;   Sensitivity and specificity of bronchoscopy in localizing the bleeding side and lobe in relation to the timing of the haemoptysis.;   Patient survival in the follow-up period.
18 Recruiting Sunovion Brovana Versus Serevent Inspiratory Capacity High Resolution Computed Tomography
Conditions: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease;   COPD;   Emphysema;   Chronic Bronchitis
Interventions: Drug: Nebulized arformoterol;   Drug: Salmeterol
Outcome Measures: Inspiratory capacity (absolute volume BTPS, L);   Inspiratory capacity (absolute change, % change, %predicted change);   Inspiratory capacity (%ref TLC);   Other breathing test outcomes
19 Recruiting Physical Activity Augmentation Using Pedometers During Pulmonary Rehabilitation in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Conditions: Lung Diseases, Obstructive;   Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive;   Bronchitis, Chronic
Intervention: Device: Yamax Digi-Walker CW-700
Outcome Measures: Change from baseline of time spent in at least moderate physical activity (3>METS equivalent);   Change from baseline of Incremental Shuttle Walk;   Change from baseline of Chronic Respiratory Disease Questionaire (CRDQ);   Change from baseline of Medical Outcomes Survey Short Form 36 item questionaire SF-36
20 Recruiting Study of COPD Subgroups and Biomarkers
Conditions: COPD;   Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease;   Chronic Bronchitis;   Emphysema
Intervention:
Outcome Measures: Morbidity;   Lung Function;   Mortality