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CHOLELITHIASIS and Lorazepam

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CHOLELITHIASIS Symptoms and Causes

Your gallbladder is a pear-shaped organ under your liver. It stores bile, a fluid made by your liver to digest fat. As your stomach and intestines digest food, your gallbladder releases bile through a tube called the common bile duct. The duct connects your gallbladder and liver to your small intestine.

Your gallbladder is most likely to give you trouble if something blocks the flow of bile through the bile ducts. That is usually a gallstone. Gallstones form when substances in bile harden. Gallstone attacks usually happen after you eat. Signs of a gallstone attack may include nausea, vomiting, or pain in the abdomen, back, or just under the right arm.

Gallstones are most common among older adults, women, overweight people, Native Americans and Mexican Americans.

Gallstones are often found during imaging tests for other health conditions. If you do not have symptoms, you usually do not need treatment. The most common treatment is removal of the gallbladder. Fortunately, you can live without a gallbladder. Bile has other ways to reach your small intestine.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Check out the latest treatments for CHOLELITHIASIS

CHOLELITHIASIS treatment research studies

Lorazepam clinical trials, surveys and public health registries


Find Drug Side Effect reports



Lorazepam Side Effects

Completed Suicide (220)
Somnolence (138)
Poisoning (137)
Suicide Attempt (121)
Overdose (105)
Anxiety (104)
Agitation (100)
Tachycardia (84)
Cardiac Arrest (81)
Confusional State (80)
Nausea (79)
Respiratory Arrest (73)
Dizziness (70)
Coma (68)
Sopor (68)
Hypotension (66)
Fall (66)
Toxicity To Various Agents (65)
Intentional Overdose (64)
Dyspnoea (61)
Fatigue (57)
Vomiting (56)
Depression (56)
Insomnia (56)
Cardio-respiratory Arrest (55)
Death (55)
Sedation (52)
Headache (49)
Loss Of Consciousness (48)
Asthenia (45)
Convulsion (45)
Diarrhoea (43)
Metabolic Acidosis (42)
Condition Aggravated (39)
Tremor (37)
Pyrexia (34)
Product Substitution Issue (34)
Unresponsive To Stimuli (34)
Suicidal Ideation (33)
Psychotic Disorder (33)
Feeling Abnormal (33)
Catatonia (33)
Pain (33)
Gait Disturbance (32)
Disorientation (31)
Respiratory Failure (31)
Syncope (30)
Malaise (30)
Depressed Level Of Consciousness (29)
Oxygen Saturation Decreased (29)

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CHOLELITHIASIS Clinical Trials and Studies

Treatments might be new drugs or new combinations of drugs, new surgical procedures or devices, or new ways to use existing treatments. The goal of clinical trials is to determine if a new test or treatment works and is safe. Clinical trials can also look at other aspects of care, such as improving the quality of life for people with chronic illnesses. People participate in clinical trials for a variety of reasons. Healthy volunteers say they participate to help others and to contribute to moving science forward. Participants with an illness or disease also participate to help others, but also to possibly receive the newest treatment and to have the additional care and attention from the clinical trial staff.
Rank Status Study
1 Not yet recruiting Gallstones and Concomitant Gastric Helicobacter Pylori Infection
Condition: Cholelithiasis
Intervention:
Outcome Measure: Gallstones and concomitant H.Pylori infection of the gastric mucosa
2 Recruiting Optimal Handling of Common Bile Duct Calculus, a Prospective Study
Condition: Cholelithiasis
Interventions: Other: no measures taken to clear bile ductus;   Procedure: clearance of bile ductus
Outcome Measures: Natural process of biliary calculus left after cholecystectomy;   Complications biliary calculus
3 Unknown  Laparoendoscopic Rendez Vous Versus Standard Two Stage Approach for the Management of Cholelithiasis/Choledocholithiasis
Conditions: Choledocholithiasis;   Cholelithiasis
Interventions: Procedure: Laparoendoscopic Rendez vous;   Procedure: preoperative ERCP and CBD clearance
Outcome Measures: postoperative hospital stay;   success rate of CBD clearance;   failure rate of selective CBD cannulation;   incidence of multiple endoscopic procedures;   incidence of hyperamylasemia;   incidence of severe pancreatitis (APACHE II score >6);   total hospital stay;   complications other but pancreatitis;   death
4 Not yet recruiting Treatment of Suspected Cholelithiasis With Nitroglycerin
Conditions: COLIC;   BILIARY TRACT DISEASES
Intervention: Drug: sublingual nitroglycerine
Outcome Measure: pain relief on visual analog scale
5 Recruiting Obeticholic Acid in Bariatric and Gallstone Disease
Conditions: Obesity;   Gallstones
Interventions: Drug: Obeticholic acid;   Drug: Placebo
Outcome Measures: Effects of OCA on FXR-dependent metabolism;   Effects of OCA on serum lipid levels
6 Recruiting Prospective Multicenter Evaluation of a New Short-access-cholangioscope for Biliary Duct Strictures and Gall Stones
Conditions: Choledocholithiasis;   Common Bile Duct Neoplasms;   Cholestasis
Intervention: Device: cholangioscopy (Frimberger)
Outcome Measures: Efficacy of cholangioscopy in gallstone therapy and stricture diagnosis;   Complication rate;   Gallstone therapy;   Stricture diagnostic
7 Recruiting Electrohydraulic Versus Laser Lithotripsy for Treatment of Difficult to Remove Biliary Stones
Condition: Gall Stones
Intervention: Procedure: Laser Lithotripsy
Outcome Measures: Time;   Number of shocks
8 Recruiting Feasibility of Endoscopic Ultrasound Based Biliary Stone Removal Without Fluoroscopy
Condition: Common Bile Duct Gall Stones
Intervention: Procedure: Common bile duct stone removal without fluoroscopy.
Outcome Measure: Successful removal of all stones from the bile duct without the use of fluoroscopy.
9 Recruiting Minimally Invasive Surgery: Using Natural Orfices
Conditions: Appendicitis;   Cholelithiasis;   Gallstones
Interventions: Procedure: Transvaginal Appendectomy;   Procedure: Transvaginal Cholecystectomy
Outcome Measures: To assess the safety and efficacy of a novel approach to minimally invasive surgical techniques;   To assess pain associated with transvaginal approach
10 Unknown  Comparison of Single Trocar Cholecystectomy to Standard Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy
Condition: Cholelithiasis
Interventions: Procedure: Single trocar cholecystectomy;   Procedure: Standard laparoscopic cholecystectomy
Outcome Measures: To assess the safety and efficacy of a novel approach to minimally invasive surgery techniques.;   To assess pain associated with the single trocar approach;   To assess scar formation associated with single trocar approach
11 Recruiting Initial Study of Gallbladder Cancer in Chile
Conditions: Gallbaldder Cancer;   Gallstones
Intervention:
Outcome Measure:
12 Recruiting Minimally Invasive Surgery: Using Natural Orifice Translumenal Endoscopic Surgery (NOTES)
Conditions: Appendicitis;   Cholelithiasis
Interventions: Procedure: Transgastric Appendectomy;   Procedure: Transgastric Cholecystectomy
Outcome Measures: To assess the safety and efficacy of a novel approach to minimally invasive surgical techniques;   To assess pain associated with transgastric approach
13 Recruiting Natural Orifice Translumenal Endoscopic Surgery (NOTES) Transvaginal Cholecystectomy
Conditions: Cholelithiasis;   Biliary Dyskinesia
Intervention: Procedure: NOTES Transvaginal Cholecystectomy
Outcome Measures: Morbidity;   Mortality;   Postoperative pain
14 Unknown  Single Incision Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy Using a Flexible Endoscope and Ethicon Manually Articulating Devices (MAD)
Conditions: Cholelithiasis;   Pain
Intervention: Device: Flexible endoscope and Ethicon Manually Articulating Device
Outcome Measures: Improving the technique of laparoscopic Cholecystectomy with Flexible Endoscope and Ethicon Manually Articulating Device;   Post-operative Pain;   Complications
15 Recruiting Fluorescence Versus Intraoperative Cholangiography in the Visualization of Biliary Tree Anatomy
Conditions: Cholelithiasis;   Gallbladder Polyps
Interventions: Device: Fluorescence cholangiography (da Vinci surgical system);   Other: Virtual cholangiography;   Procedure: Conventional IOC
Outcome Measures: To evaluate the ability of a ICG-fluorescence guidance in visualizing the biliary anatomy and to compare accuracy to conventional intraoperative cholangiography;   To evaluate the ability of fluorescence-based imaging in visualizing the biliary tree anatomy;   To evaluate the ability of enhanced reality in visualizing the biliary anatomy intra-operatively, especially the cysticocholedochal junction;   To evaluate time required for the visualization of biliary tree anatomy for each modality : fluorescence, enhanced reality, conventional intraoperative cholangiography
16 Unknown  Hybrid Transvaginal-Transabdominal Endoscopic Surgery
Conditions: Gallstones;   Appendicitis;   Pelvic Pain;   Peritoneal Mass
Intervention: Procedure: Hybrid Transvaginal-Transabdominal Endoscopic Surgery
Outcome Measures: Technical success;   Complication;   Operative time;   Sexual function
17 Unknown  Cosmesis and Body Image After Single Port or 4-Port Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy
Condition: Symptomatic Gallstone Disease
Interventions: Device: Single Port Cholecystectomy;   Device: 4 Port Cholecystectomy
Outcome Measures: Cosmetic Score;   Body Image;   Pain
18 Recruiting EndoCone Single Port Versus Conventional Multi-port Laparoscopic Approach
Condition: Gallstones
Intervention: Procedure: Cholecystectomy
Outcome Measures: Conversion rate;   Morbidity;   Mortality;   Postoperative course;   Duration of hospital stay;   Return of bowel function
19 Unknown  Study of the Use of Humidified Warmed Gas and the Effect on Post-Operative Pain in Laparoscopic Cholecystectomies
Condition: Gallstone
Interventions: Other: Warm humidified C02;   Other: Cool dry C02
Outcome Measures: Total post operative opiate analgesia - morphine equivalent dose.;   Subjective post operative pain as defined on numerical pain scales
20 Recruiting Efficacy of Proficiency-based Versus Free Laparoscopic Training in Cholecystectomy on a Virtual Reality Simulator
Conditions: Cholelithiasis;   Cholecystitis;   Cholecystolithiasis
Intervention: Procedure: Laparsocopic cholecystectomy
Outcome Measures: Time to extract the gall bladder.;   Serious intra-operative complications;   Safe cautery;   Total path length of right instrument