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DIARRHOEA and Benadryl

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DIARRHOEA Symptoms and Causes

What is diarrhea?

Diarrhea is loose, watery stools (bowel movements). You have diarrhea if you have loose stools three or more times in one day. Acute diarrhea is diarrhea that lasts a short time. It is a common problem. It usually lasts about one or two days, but it may last longer. Then it goes away on its own.

Diarrhea lasting more than a few days may be a sign of a more serious problem. Chronic diarrhea -- diarrhea that lasts at least four weeks -- can be a symptom of a chronic disease. Chronic diarrhea symptoms may be continual, or they may come and go.

Who gets diarrhea?

People of all ages can get diarrhea. On average, adults In the United States have acute diarrhea once a year. Young children have it an average of twice a year.

People who visit developing countries are at risk for traveler's diarrhea. It is caused by consuming contaminated food or water.

What causes diarrhea?

The most common causes of diarrhea include

  • Bacteria from contaminated food or water
  • Viruses such as the flu, norovirus, or rotavirus . Rotavirus is the most common cause of acute diarrhea in children.
  • Parasites, which are tiny organisms found in contaminated food or water
  • Medicines such as antibiotics, cancer drugs, and antacids that contain magnesium
  • Food intolerances and sensitivities, which are problems digesting certain ingredients or foods. An example is lactose intolerance.
  • Diseases that affect the stomach, small intestine, or colon, such as Crohn's disease
  • Problems with how the colon functions, such as irritable bowel syndrome

Some people also get diarrhea after stomach surgery, because sometimes the surgeries can cause food to move through your digestive system more quickly.

Sometimes no cause can be found. If your diarrhea goes away within a few days, finding the cause is usually not necessary.

What other symptoms might I have with diarrhea?

Other possible symptoms of diarrhea include

  • Cramps or pain in the abdomen
  • An urgent need to use the bathroom
  • Loss of bowel control

If a virus or bacteria is the cause of your diarrhea, you may also have a fever, chills, and bloody stools.

Diarrhea can cause dehydration, which means that your body does not have enough fluid to work properly. Dehydration can be serious, especially for children, older adults, and people with weakened immune systems.

When should I see a doctor for diarrhea?

Although it is usually not harmful, diarrhea can become dangerous or signal a more serious problem. Contact your health care provider if you have

  • Signs of dehydration
  • Diarrhea for more than 2 days, if you are an adult. For children, contact the provider if it lasts more than 24 hours.
  • Severe pain in your abdomen or rectum (for adults)
  • A fever of 102 degrees or higher
  • Stools containing blood or pus
  • Stools that are black and tarry

If children have diarrhea, parents or caregivers should not hesitate to call a health care provider. Diarrhea can be especially dangerous in newborns and infants.

How is the cause of diarrhea diagnosed?

To find the cause of diarrhea, your health care provider may

  • Do a physical exam
  • Ask about any medicines you are taking
  • Test your stool or blood to look for bacteria, parasites, or other signs of disease or infection
  • Ask you to stop eating certain foods to see whether your diarrhea goes away

If you have chronic diarrhea, your health care provider may perform other tests to look for signs of disease.

What are the treatments for diarrhea?

Diarrhea is treated by replacing lost fluids and electrolytes to prevent dehydration. Depending on the cause of the problem, you may need medicines to stop the diarrhea or treat an infection.

Adults with diarrhea should drink water, fruit juices, sports drinks, sodas without caffeine, and salty broths. As your symptoms improve, you can eat soft, bland food.

Children with diarrhea should be given oral rehydration solutions to replace lost fluids and electrolytes.

Can diarrhea be prevented?

Two types of diarrhea can be prevented - rotavirus diarrhea and traveler's diarrhea. There are vaccines for rotavirus. They are given to babies in two or three doses.

You can help prevent traveler's diarrhea by being careful about what you eat and drink when you are in developing countries:

  • Use only bottled or purified water for drinking, making ice cubes, and brushing your teeth
  • If you do use tap water, boil it or use iodine tablets
  • Make sure that the cooked food you eat is fully cooked and served hot
  • Avoid unwashed or unpeeled raw fruits and vegetables

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Check out the latest treatments for DIARRHOEA

DIARRHOEA treatment research studies

Benadryl clinical trials, surveys and public health registries


Find Drug Side Effect reports



Benadryl Side Effects

Off Label Use (181)
Dyspnoea (162)
Nausea (141)
Hypersensitivity (139)
Urticaria (126)
Somnolence (119)
Vomiting (116)
Loss Of Consciousness (113)
Rash (109)
Pain (109)
Pruritus (108)
Headache (108)
Overdose (105)
Dizziness (102)
Product Quality Issue (102)
Insomnia (96)
Heart Rate Increased (86)
Hallucination (80)
Feeling Abnormal (79)
Condition Aggravated (78)
Anxiety (46)
Infusion Related Reaction (46)
Tremor (45)
Fatigue (45)
Diarrhoea (43)
Convulsion (42)
Erythema (38)
Malaise (38)
Pyrexia (38)
Asthenia (37)
Swelling Face (37)
Blood Pressure Increased (37)
Pharyngeal Oedema (35)
Throat Tightness (34)
Dehydration (32)
Chest Pain (31)
Swollen Tongue (30)
Pain In Extremity (30)
Cough (30)
Oedema Peripheral (29)
Hypoaesthesia (29)
Chest Discomfort (29)
Incorrect Dose Administered (28)
Abdominal Pain Upper (27)
Eye Swelling (27)
Flushing (26)
Fall (26)
Confusional State (25)
Lip Swelling (24)
Syncope (24)

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Recent Reviews

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DIARRHOEA Clinical Trials and Studies

Treatments might be new drugs or new combinations of drugs, new surgical procedures or devices, or new ways to use existing treatments. The goal of clinical trials is to determine if a new test or treatment works and is safe. Clinical trials can also look at other aspects of care, such as improving the quality of life for people with chronic illnesses. People participate in clinical trials for a variety of reasons. Healthy volunteers say they participate to help others and to contribute to moving science forward. Participants with an illness or disease also participate to help others, but also to possibly receive the newest treatment and to have the additional care and attention from the clinical trial staff.
Rank Status Study
1 Recruiting Pharmacogenetic Factors and Side Effects of Metoclopramide and Diphenhydramine
Condition: Drug Metabolism, Poor, CYP2D6-RELATED
Interventions: Drug: Diphenhydramine;   Drug: Metoclopramide
Outcome Measures: Area under curve of metoclopramide (MCP);   Area under curve of diphenhydramine(DPH);   Cmax of metoclopramide;   Tmax of metoclopramide;   Cmax of diphenhydramine;   Tmax of diphenhydramine
2 Recruiting Diphenhydramine for Acute Migraine
Condition: Migraine
Interventions: Drug: metoclopramide;   Drug: diphenhydramine;   Drug: placebo
Outcome Measure: Sustained headache relief
3 Not yet recruiting Study of Promethazine for Treatment of Diabetic Gastroparesis
Condition: Diabetic Gastroparesis
Interventions: Drug: Promethazine;   Drug: Sugar pill
Outcome Measures: Change in patient-reported symptoms as measured by the Gastroparesis Cardinal Symptom Index score (GCSI, 14) from week 0 to week 4.;   Occurrence of adverse events;   Use of rescue medication;   The impact on work activity as measured by the Work Productivity and Activity Impairment Questionnaire. (WPAI).
4 Unknown  Adjunct Sedatives in Procedures Involving Endoscopic Ultrasound (EUS) and Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)
Conditions: Endoscopic Ultrasound (EUS);   Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)
Interventions: Drug: Saline;   Drug: Diphenhydramine;   Drug: Promethazine
Outcome Measures: Sedation Level;   Time to achieve adequate level of sedation to begin procedure;   Time for Recovery;   Adverse Symptoms From Sedative Agents
5 Not yet recruiting Diphenhydramine as an Adjunctive Sedative in Patients on Chronic Opioids
Conditions: Colonoscopy;   Adjunct Anesthesia Medication
Interventions: Drug: Diphenhydramine;   Drug: Placebo
Outcome Measures: Dosage of Fentanyl and Midazolam;   Quality of sedation;   Duration of Procedure;   Adverse events;   24 hour follow up
6 Unknown  Morphine Versus Morphine-promethazine Combination for Acute Low Back Pain Relief in the Adult Emergency Department
Condition: Low Back Pain
Interventions: Drug: Morphine-Promethazine;   Drug: morphine
Outcome Measures: Pain relief;   Ambulatory status
7 Recruiting Antitussive Effect of a Naturally Flavored Syrup Containing Diphenhydramine, Compared With Dextromethorphan and Placebo
Condition: Cough Reflex Sensitivity
Interventions: Drug: Phenylephrine;   Drug: Diphenhydramine;   Drug: Dextromethorphan
Outcome Measure: change in cough reflex sensitivity to capsaicin
8 Not yet recruiting Randomized Trial of Diphenhydramine Versus Continued Midazolam in "Difficult-to-sedate" Patients Undergoing Colonoscopy
Conditions: Sedation;   Endoscopy
Interventions: Drug: Diphenhydramine;   Drug: Midazolam
Outcome Measure: Proportion of patients who achieve adequate sedation to allow colonoscopy (defined as MOAA/S ≤3)
9 Recruiting Ketamine as a Rapidly-Acting Antidepressant in Depressed Emergency Department Patients
Condition: Depression
Interventions: Drug: Ketamine;   Drug: Diphenhydramine
Outcome Measures: Evaluate the effects of ketamine on depressive symptomatology;   Evalaute the effects of ketamine on treatment alliance;   Evalaute the effects of ketamine on suicidal ideation
10 Unknown  Does Thiamine Help Vomiting and Nausea in Pregnancy?
Condition: Hyperemesis Gravidarum
Intervention: Drug: thiamine & promethazine
Outcome Measure: the improvement in nausea and/or vomiting after treatment
11 Not yet recruiting Histamine Glutamate Antagonism in Stroke
Conditions: Acute Cerebrovascular Accident;   Cerebral Edema
Interventions: Drug: Diphenhydramine;   Drug: Pantoprazole;   Drug: Famotidine;   Drug: Dextromethorphan
Outcome Measures: Modified Rankin Score;   National Institutes of Health Stroke Severity (NIHSS) Scale;   Neurological examination of the subject;   All cause mortality data
12 Recruiting Pazopanib Versus Temsirolimus in Poor-Risk Clear-Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma (RCC)
Condition: Kidney Cancer
Interventions: Drug: Pazopanib;   Drug: Temsirolimus;   Behavioral: Quality of Life Assessment;   Drug: Benadryl
Outcome Measure: Progression Free Survival (PFS)
13 Not yet recruiting Psilocybin-facilitated Treatment for Cocaine Use
Condition: Cocaine-Related Disorders
Interventions: Drug: Psilocybin;   Drug: Diphenhydramine
Outcome Measure: The difference between the treatment and placebo groups in the number of participants with biochemically verified cocaine abstinence.
14 Recruiting FUS1-nanoparticles and Erlotinib in Stage IV Lung Cancer
Condition: Lung Cancer
Interventions: Drug: DOTAP:Chol-fus1;   Drug: Erlotinib;   Drug: Dexamethasone;   Drug: Diphenhydramine
Outcome Measures: Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD) Level for Drug Treatment Combination;   Response Rate
15 Recruiting The Role of Intravenous (IV) Lidocaine in the Management of Chronic Neuropathic Pain of Peripheral Nerve Origin
Condition: Neuropathic Pain
Interventions: Drug: Lidocaine;   Drug: Diphenhydramine
Outcome Measures: Changes from Baseline Pain scores on the Visual Analog Scale at 6 weeks;   Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale;   Modified Brief Pain Inventory;   Leeds Sleep Evaluation Questionnaire;   Patient Global Satisfaction with Treatment and Impression of Change;   Side Effects;   Quality of Life Health Outcome Instrument
16 Not yet recruiting Countermeasures to Reduce Sensorimotor Impairment and Space Motion Sickness Resulting From Altered Gravity Levels
Condition: Vestibular
Interventions: Drug: Promethazine;   Behavioral: Hyper gravity training;   Drug: Placebo;   Behavioral: No hypergravity training
Outcome Measure: Rate of recovery of roll tilt perception errors after exposure to hypergravity
17 Not yet recruiting First-time-in-man, to Assess the Safety, Tolerability, Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics of BP1.5375
Condition: Healthy Male Volunteers
Interventions: Drug: BP1.5375 suspension;   Drug: Diphenhydramine;   Drug: Placebo
Outcome Measures: Single Ascending Dose - safety and tolerability (Part 1);   Proof of Concept - effect on polysomnography (Part 2)
18 Not yet recruiting A Double-Blind Trial of Psilocybin-Assisted Treatment of Alcohol Dependence
Condition: Alcohol Dependence
Interventions: Drug: Psilocybin;   Drug: Diphenhydramine;   Behavioral: Motivational Enhancement and Taking Action (META)
Outcome Measures: percent heavy drinking days;   Changes in vital signs;   adverse events;   Percent days abstinent;   drinks per drinking day;   days to first drinking day;   Days to first heavy drinking day;   consequences of drinking;   craving;   self efficacy;   Motivation to change drinking behavior
19 Recruiting Study Looking at End Expiratory Pressure for Altitude Illness Decrease (SLEEP-AID)
Condition: Acute Mountain Sickness
Interventions: Device: Theravent;   Device: Control
Outcome Measures: Incidence of acute mountain sickness;   number of nocturnal desaturations;   acute mountain sickness severity;   nocturnal awakenings;   subjective quality of sleep
20 Recruiting Treatment of Orthostatic Hypotension in Autonomic Failure
Conditions: Autonomic Failure;   Orthostatic Hypotension
Interventions: Drug: Atomoxetine;   Drug: Acarbose;   Drug: Pyridostigmine Bromide;   Drug: Yohimbine;   Drug: Midodrine HCl;   Drug: placebo;   Drug: Modafinil;   Drug: Octreotide;   Other: water intake;   Drug: Diphenhydramine Hydrochloride;   Drug: Ranitidine HCL;   Drug: Tranylcypromine;   Drug: Ergotamine/ Caffeine;   Drug: Celecoxib;   Drug: Pseudoephedrine;   Drug: Methylphenidate;   Drug: Indomethacin;   Drug: Ibuprofen;   Drug: Oxymetazoline 0.05% nasal solution;   Dietary Supplement: Bovril;   Drug: Acetazolamide;   Drug: Rivastigmine tartrate;   Drug: Carbidopa/levodopa;   Device: Inflatable abdominal binder;   Device: inflatable abdominal binder (sham)
Outcome Measures: Increase in seated systolic blood pressure 1-hr post drug compared to baseline.;   Increase in standing time 1-hr post drug compared to baseline