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DRUG WITHDRAWAL SYNDROME and Adderall

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DRUG WITHDRAWAL SYNDROME Symptoms and Causes

Opioids, sometimes called narcotics, are a type of drug. They include strong prescription pain relievers, such as oxycodone, hydrocodone, fentanyl, and tramadol. The illegal drug heroin is also an opioid. Some opioids are made from the opium plant, and others are synthetic (man-made).

A doctor may give you a prescription opioid to reduce pain after you have had a major injury or surgery. You may get them if you have severe pain from health conditions like cancer. Some doctors prescribe them for chronic pain.

Opioids can cause side effects such as drowsiness, mental fog, nausea, and constipation. They may also cause slowed breathing, which can lead to overdose deaths. If someone has signs of an overdose, call 9-1-1:

  • The person's face is extremely pale and/or feels clammy to the touch
  • Their body goes limp
  • Their fingernails or lips have a purple or blue color
  • They start vomiting or making gurgling noises
  • They cannot be awakened or are unable to speak
  • Their breathing or heartbeat slows or stops

Other risks of using prescription opioids include dependence and addiction. Dependence means feeling withdrawal symptoms when not taking the drug. Addiction is a chronic brain disease that causes a person to compulsively seek out drugs, even though they cause harm. The risks of dependence and addiction are higher if you abuse the medicines. Abuse can include taking too much medicine, taking someone else's medicine, taking it in a different way than you are supposed to, or taking the medicine to get high.

Opioid abuse, addiction, and overdoses are serious public health problems in the United States. Another problem is that more women are abusing opioids during pregnancy. This can lead to babies being addicted and going through withdrawal, known as neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS). Opioid abuse may sometimes also lead to heroin use, because some people switch from prescription opioids to heroin.

The main treatment for prescription opioid addiction is medication-assisted treatment (MAT). It includes medicines, counseling, and support from family and friends. MAT can help you stop using the drug, get through withdrawal, and cope with cravings. There is also a medicine called naloxone which can reverse the effects of an opioid overdose and prevent death, if it is given in time.

To prevent problems with prescription opioids, be sure to follow your doctor's instructions when taking them. Do not share your medicines with anyone else. Contact your doctor if you have any concerns about taking the medicines.

NIH: National Institute on Drug Abuse

Check out the latest treatments for DRUG WITHDRAWAL SYNDROME

DRUG WITHDRAWAL SYNDROME treatment research studies

Adderall clinical trials, surveys and public health registries


Find Drug Side Effect reports



Adderall Side Effects

Product Substitution Issue (179)
Headache (176)
Insomnia (164)
Depression (151)
Fatigue (134)
Feeling Abnormal (123)
Aggression (122)
Anxiety (114)
Psychotic Disorder (112)
Suicidal Ideation (110)
Overdose (109)
Abnormal Behaviour (109)
Nausea (106)
Disturbance In Attention (102)
Dizziness (99)
Product Quality Issue (96)
Decreased Appetite (96)
Weight Decreased (95)
Agitation (88)
Convulsion (87)
Heart Rate Increased (42)
Condition Aggravated (42)
Chest Pain (42)
Dyspnoea (40)
Irritability (39)
Prescribed Overdose (38)
Pain (36)
Hallucination (36)
Anger (33)
Palpitations (31)
Paranoia (31)
Tic (28)
Off Label Use (28)
Abdominal Pain Upper (27)
Vomiting (27)
Malaise (27)
Loss Of Consciousness (26)
Fall (26)
Mania (24)
Hyperhidrosis (24)
Blood Pressure Increased (24)
Anorexia (23)
Tremor (23)
Somnolence (22)
Abdominal Pain (22)
Diarrhoea (22)
Weight Increased (21)
Confusional State (21)
Suicide Attempt (20)
Syncope (20)

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Common Meds

Abilify (10132)
Adderall (1304)
Amlodipine (6664)
Amoxicillin (4387)
Benadryl (1568)
Celebrex (12876 )
Celexa (1342)
Cialis (2975)
Cipro (8580)
Citalopram (7792)
Crestor (18839)
Cymbalta (14373)
Doxycycline (1757)
Effexor (7289)
Flexeril (435)
Flomax (2177)
Fluoxetine (4261)
Gabapentin (4593)
Hydrocodone (2469)
Ibuprofen (8222)
Lantus (10968)
Lexapro (3499)
Lipitor (17769)
Lisinopril (8919)
Lyrica (27148)
Medrol (650)
Mirena (41254)
Mobic (957)
Morphine (5356)
Naproxen (538)
Neurontin (6501)
Oxycodone (4438)
Pradaxa (13372)
Prednisone (5926)
Prilosec (2631)
Prozac (1954)
Seroquel (27216)
Simvastatin (8348)
Synthroid (4452)
Tamiflu (5585)
Topamax (3748)
Tramadol (5054)
Trazodone (1458)
Viagra (5394)
Vicodin (1153)
Wellbutrin (6324)
Xanax (2847)
Zocor (5718)
Zoloft(6792)
Zyrtec(1669)

Recent Reviews

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52 years of age. Diagnosed with ADHD. Treated with Adderall XR 15mg. Developed Interstitial Cystitis after about 3 months of use, yet not diagnosed for 2 years.

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WHAT ARE SIDE EFFECT OF COTRIMOXAXOLE DRUG

&lt;!--StartFragment--&gt; I have advanced Rheumatoid Arthritis. My Left wrist swelled painfully. Had a negative X-ray so Dr (fully informed for current drug regimens and allergies--Aspirin, Penicillin, Thoradamides, Ornate, Iodine, Latex)

DRUG WITHDRAWAL SYNDROME Clinical Trials and Studies

Treatments might be new drugs or new combinations of drugs, new surgical procedures or devices, or new ways to use existing treatments. The goal of clinical trials is to determine if a new test or treatment works and is safe. Clinical trials can also look at other aspects of care, such as improving the quality of life for people with chronic illnesses. People participate in clinical trials for a variety of reasons. Healthy volunteers say they participate to help others and to contribute to moving science forward. Participants with an illness or disease also participate to help others, but also to possibly receive the newest treatment and to have the additional care and attention from the clinical trial staff.
Rank Status Study
1 Not yet recruiting Adderall XR and Processing Speed in Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
Conditions: Impaired Processing Speed;   Cognitive Impairment;   Multiple Sclerosis
Interventions: Drug: Adderall XR 5mg;   Drug: Adderall XR 10 mg;   Drug: Placebo
Outcome Measures: Change in score of Paced Auditory Serial Addition Test (PASAT);   Change in Score of Symbol Digit Modalities Test (SDMT);   Change in Score of Stroop Colour Word Test;   Blood Pressure;   Heart Rate
2 Recruiting Multicenter Trial of Combined Pharmacotherapy to Treat Cocaine Dependence
Condition: Cocaine Dependence
Interventions: Drug: Adderall-ER;   Drug: Topiramate;   Other: Placebo
Outcome Measures: Three weeks of Cocaine abstinence;   Proportion of negative urine samples
3 Recruiting Stimulant Enhancement of Well-Being Therapy for Depression
Condition: Major Depressive Disorder
Interventions: Drug: Amphetamine-dextroamphetamine (AMPH);   Drug: Placebo;   Behavioral: Well-being therapy
Outcome Measures: Change in Hamilton-Depression Rating Scale(SIGH-D)-17 items;   Change in Hamilton-Depression Rating Scale(SIGH-D)-31 item;   Change in Psychological Well-being Scale (PWB);   Change in the Snaith-Hamilton Pleasure Scale (SHAPS);   Change in Behavioral inhibition/activation scale (BIS/BAS);   Change in Positive and Negative Affective Scale (PANAS);   Change in functioning on Short Form-12(SF-12)
4 Recruiting Follow up Treatment of Children With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
Condition: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
Interventions: Behavioral: Academic and Organization skills;   Behavioral: Parent Training;   Behavioral: Social Skills Training;   Drug: Long-acting stimulant
Outcome Measures: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) symptomatology (measured via Conners' Global Index - Parent and Teacher Version);   Social skills (measured via Parent and Teacher Social Skills Rating Scale);   Academic achievement (measured via Wechsler Individual Achievement Test (WIAT));   Emotional and symptomatic functioning (measured via the Achenbach Child Behavior Check List (CBCL));   Overall functioning (measured via the Weiss Functional Impairment Scale (WFIRS));   Overall functioning (measured via the Clinical Global Impression Scale (CGI))
5 Recruiting Adjunctive Mixed Salts Amphetamine (MSA) for Depressed Adults With Incomplete Response to Current Antidepressant Therapy (ADT)
Condition: Major Depressive Disorder
Intervention: Drug: mixed salts amphetamine
Outcome Measures: Change in scores on the Massachusetts General Hospital Cognitive and Physical Functioning Questionaire;   Change in scores on the Montgomery Asberg Depression Rating Scale;   Change in scores on the Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology Self Report 16
6 Recruiting Omega-3 Fatty Acid Supplementation to ADHD Pharmacotherapy in ADHD Adults With Deficient Emotional Self-Regulation Traits
Conditions: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD);   Deficient Emotional Self-Regulation (DESR)
Interventions: Drug: ADHD Medication;   Drug: Omega-3 Fatty Acids
Outcome Measures: Efficacy assessed by mean change from baseline to endpoint on the BRIEF-A Emotional Control scale;   Efficacy measured by mean change from baseline to endpoint on AISRS total score;   Efficacy measured by mean change from baseline to endpoint on CGI;   Efficacy measured by mean change from baseline to endpoint on BRIEF-A subscales;   Efficacy measured by mean change from baseline to endpoint on GAF
7 Recruiting Interventions for Children With Attention and Reading Disorders
Conditions: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder;   Reading Disabilities
Interventions: Drug: Methylphenidate;   Behavioral: Intensive reading instruction;   Behavioral: Parent Training;   Drug: Mixed Salt Amphetamine;   Drug: Atomoxetine;   Drug: Guanfacine
Outcome Measures: Wechsler Individual Achievement Test of Word Reading and Pseudoword Decoding;   Swanson, Nolan, and Pelham checklist for DSM-IV;   Stop-Signal Test;   Test of Word Reading Efficiency;   Wechsler Individual Achievement Test of Reading Comprehension;   Dynamic Indicators of Basic Early Literacy Skills Oral Reading Fluency
8 Not yet recruiting A Sequenced Behavioral and Medication Intervention for Cocaine Dependence
Condition: Cocaine Dependence
Interventions: Behavioral: Computer-assisted behavior therapy;   Drug: Mixed amphetamine salts;   Drug: Computer-assisted therapy plus placebo (for mixed amphetamine salts)
Outcome Measures: Three weeks of cocaine abstinence;   Proportion of cocaine positive urines
9 Recruiting Efficacy of Intuniv Extended Release as Adjunctive Therapy With Psycho-stimulant on Executive Function in Children With ADHD
Condition: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Interventions: Drug: Guanfacine extended release;   Drug: Placebo
Outcome Measures: To evaluate the effect of adjunctive INTUNIV extended release treatment on executive function as assessed by the BRIEF-parent questionnaires;   To evaluate the effect of adjunctive INTUNIV extended release treatment on quality of life as assessed by the KINDL®-child and KINDL®-parent questionnaires.;   To examine the congruency of the perceived effect of treatment on EF and quality of life from the perspective of the subject, parent, and teacher.;   To evaluate the effect of adjunct therapy on ADHD symptom control as assessed by the ADHD Rating Scale (ADHD-RS-IV) and Clinical Global Impression (CGI) of Severity (CGI-S) and of Improvement (CGI-I) questionnaires.;   To compare the percentage of subjects experiencing suicidal ideation, suicidal behaviour and self-injurious behaviour without suicidal intent and incident of Serious Adverse Events in each treatment arm
10 Recruiting IMPAACT P1080: Psychiatric and Antiretroviral Medication Concentrations in HIV-infected and Uninfected Children and Adolescents
Conditions: ADHD;   HIV
Intervention:
Outcome Measure: Estimation of steady-state oral clearance (Cl/F) for each psychiatric study medication is the primary outcome.