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DRUG WITHDRAWAL SYNDROME and Levitra

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DRUG WITHDRAWAL SYNDROME Symptoms and Causes

Opioids, sometimes called narcotics, are a type of drug. They include strong prescription pain relievers, such as oxycodone, hydrocodone, fentanyl, and tramadol. The illegal drug heroin is also an opioid. Some opioids are made from the opium plant, and others are synthetic (man-made).

A doctor may give you a prescription opioid to reduce pain after you have had a major injury or surgery. You may get them if you have severe pain from health conditions like cancer. Some doctors prescribe them for chronic pain.

Opioids can cause side effects such as drowsiness, mental fog, nausea, and constipation. They may also cause slowed breathing, which can lead to overdose deaths. If someone has signs of an overdose, call 9-1-1:

  • The person's face is extremely pale and/or feels clammy to the touch
  • Their body goes limp
  • Their fingernails or lips have a purple or blue color
  • They start vomiting or making gurgling noises
  • They cannot be awakened or are unable to speak
  • Their breathing or heartbeat slows or stops

Other risks of using prescription opioids include dependence and addiction. Dependence means feeling withdrawal symptoms when not taking the drug. Addiction is a chronic brain disease that causes a person to compulsively seek out drugs, even though they cause harm. The risks of dependence and addiction are higher if you abuse the medicines. Abuse can include taking too much medicine, taking someone else's medicine, taking it in a different way than you are supposed to, or taking the medicine to get high.

Opioid abuse, addiction, and overdoses are serious public health problems in the United States. Another problem is that more women are abusing opioids during pregnancy. This can lead to babies being addicted and going through withdrawal, known as neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS). Opioid abuse may sometimes also lead to heroin use, because some people switch from prescription opioids to heroin.

The main treatment for prescription opioid addiction is medication-assisted treatment (MAT). It includes medicines, counseling, and support from family and friends. MAT can help you stop using the drug, get through withdrawal, and cope with cravings. There is also a medicine called naloxone which can reverse the effects of an opioid overdose and prevent death, if it is given in time.

To prevent problems with prescription opioids, be sure to follow your doctor's instructions when taking them. Do not share your medicines with anyone else. Contact your doctor if you have any concerns about taking the medicines.

NIH: National Institute on Drug Abuse

Check out the latest treatments for DRUG WITHDRAWAL SYNDROME

DRUG WITHDRAWAL SYNDROME treatment research studies

Levitra clinical trials, surveys and public health registries


Find Drug Side Effect reports



Levitra Side Effects

Erectile Dysfunction (899)
Headache (338)
Flushing (154)
Dizziness (121)
Nasal Congestion (104)
Vision Blurred (101)
Erection Increased (87)
Adverse Event (67)
Visual Disturbance (60)
Nausea (60)
Visual Acuity Reduced (51)
Chest Pain (47)
Feeling Abnormal (45)
Optic Ischaemic Neuropathy (44)
Dyspnoea (40)
Deafness Unilateral (38)
Visual Field Defect (36)
Dyspepsia (35)
Loss Of Consciousness (35)
Tinnitus (33)
Eye Pain (33)
Eye Disorder (33)
Cerebrovascular Accident (33)
Diarrhoea (30)
Heart Rate Increased (30)
Hypotension (29)
Blood Pressure Decreased (29)
Photopsia (27)
Feeling Hot (26)
Myocardial Infarction (26)
Vomiting (25)
Penile Pain (25)
Fatigue (24)
Ejaculation Failure (24)
Back Pain (23)
Asthenia (23)
Hypertension (23)
Visual Impairment (22)
Rhinorrhoea (22)
Ocular Hyperaemia (22)
Chest Discomfort (21)
Palpitations (21)
Penis Disorder (21)
Photophobia (21)
Ejaculation Disorder (20)
Chills (20)
Erythema (20)
No Adverse Event (20)
Transient Ischaemic Attack (20)
Fall (20)

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DRUG WITHDRAWAL SYNDROME Clinical Trials and Studies

Treatments might be new drugs or new combinations of drugs, new surgical procedures or devices, or new ways to use existing treatments. The goal of clinical trials is to determine if a new test or treatment works and is safe. Clinical trials can also look at other aspects of care, such as improving the quality of life for people with chronic illnesses. People participate in clinical trials for a variety of reasons. Healthy volunteers say they participate to help others and to contribute to moving science forward. Participants with an illness or disease also participate to help others, but also to possibly receive the newest treatment and to have the additional care and attention from the clinical trial staff.
Rank Status Study
1 Unknown  Safety and Clinical Effectiveness of 2 Lower Dose Combined PDE5i's vs. Single Maximal Dose PDE5i
Condition: Impotence
Interventions: Drug: Sildenafil, Vardenafil;   Drug: Sildenafil;   Drug: Vardenafil;   Drug: Sildenafil & Vardenafil
Outcome Measure: increase of 5 points or more in the IIEF erectile function domain
2 Unknown  A Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Vardenafil in Men With Erectile Dysfunction Caused by Spinal Cord Injury
Condition: Erectile Dysfunction
Interventions: Drug: Vardenafil;   Drug: Placebo
Outcome Measures: EF domain score of IIEF;   IIEF/SEP/GAQ
3 Not yet recruiting Vardenafil as add-on Therapy for Patients With Pulmonary Hypertension Treated With Inhaled Iloprost
Condition: Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
Intervention: Drug: Levitra
Outcome Measures: Change in 6 minute walk or New York Heart Association functional class.;   Changes in Pulmonary artery pressure assessed (by echo), exercise test parameters, pro-NT BNP, quality of life. Clinical worsening during study, study drop-out and adverse events during the study.
4 Recruiting Effect of Testosterone on Endothelial Function and Microcirculation in Type 2 Diabetic Patients With Hypogonadism
Conditions: Type 2 Diabetes;   Hypogonadism
Intervention: Drug: Testosterone
Outcome Measures: Improvement in endothelial dependent and endothelial-independent vasodilatation;   Markers of endothelial function
5 Unknown  Long Acting Phosphodiesterase 5 Inhibitors as Add-on Therapy for Patients With Pulmonary Hypertension Treated With Prostanoids.
Condition: Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
Interventions: Drug: Tadalafil;   Drug: Vardenafil
Outcome Measures: Six minute walking distance;   Level of pro-NT BNP;   Echo-derived parameters;   Cardiopulmonary exercise test
6 Recruiting PDE5 Inhibitor Use and Non-arteritic Anterior Ischemic Optic Neuropathy (NAION)
Condition: Anterior Ischemic Optic Neuropathy
Intervention: Drug: Diagnostic procedures
Outcome Measures: Confirmed diagnosis of Non-arteritic Anterior Ischemic Optic Neuropathy (NAION);   Any additional safety information provided by the subject
7 Unknown  Treatment of Erectile Dysfunction in Hypogonadal Men With Testosterone Undecanoate
Conditions: Erectile Dysfunction;   Hypogonadotrophic Males
Intervention: Drug: Testosterone Undecanoate and/or PDE-5
Outcome Measures: Score higher than or equal to 21 of the erectile dysfunction domain of the IIEF, or response to treatment;   and/or an affirmative response to the GAQ will be considered for the analysis
8 Recruiting A Study of the Kinetics of Lymphoid Cells in Patients With Monoclonal B-cell Lymphocytosis (MBL), Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL) or Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma (SLL), Mantle Cell Lymphoma (MCL) and Healthy Volunteers
Condition: Monoclonal B-Cell Lymphocytosis
Intervention:
Outcome Measures: To estimate the cell proilferation rate of tumor cells in individuals with MBL, CLL/SLL, and MCL.;   Proliferation rate in tissue compared to blood, disappearance rate of labeled cells from the blood and tissue and the safety profile of heavy water in the study population/
9 Unknown  Can Hyperbaric Oxygen Improve Erectile Function Following Surgery for Prostate Cancer
Conditions: Impotence;   Prostatic Neoplasms
Interventions: Drug: Sildenafil therapy plus post-NSRRP HBO2T;   Drug: Sildenafil therapy plus sham post-NSRRP HBO2T
Outcome Measures: Erectile function domain of Internation Index of Erectile Function (IIEF);   clinical or biochemical recurrence of cancer