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DRUG WITHDRAWAL SYNDROME and Thyroid

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DRUG WITHDRAWAL SYNDROME Symptoms and Causes

Opioids, sometimes called narcotics, are a type of drug. They include strong prescription pain relievers, such as oxycodone, hydrocodone, fentanyl, and tramadol. The illegal drug heroin is also an opioid. Some opioids are made from the opium plant, and others are synthetic (man-made).

A doctor may give you a prescription opioid to reduce pain after you have had a major injury or surgery. You may get them if you have severe pain from health conditions like cancer. Some doctors prescribe them for chronic pain.

Opioids can cause side effects such as drowsiness, mental fog, nausea, and constipation. They may also cause slowed breathing, which can lead to overdose deaths. If someone has signs of an overdose, call 9-1-1:

  • The person's face is extremely pale and/or feels clammy to the touch
  • Their body goes limp
  • Their fingernails or lips have a purple or blue color
  • They start vomiting or making gurgling noises
  • They cannot be awakened or are unable to speak
  • Their breathing or heartbeat slows or stops

Other risks of using prescription opioids include dependence and addiction. Dependence means feeling withdrawal symptoms when not taking the drug. Addiction is a chronic brain disease that causes a person to compulsively seek out drugs, even though they cause harm. The risks of dependence and addiction are higher if you abuse the medicines. Abuse can include taking too much medicine, taking someone else's medicine, taking it in a different way than you are supposed to, or taking the medicine to get high.

Opioid abuse, addiction, and overdoses are serious public health problems in the United States. Another problem is that more women are abusing opioids during pregnancy. This can lead to babies being addicted and going through withdrawal, known as neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS). Opioid abuse may sometimes also lead to heroin use, because some people switch from prescription opioids to heroin.

The main treatment for prescription opioid addiction is medication-assisted treatment (MAT). It includes medicines, counseling, and support from family and friends. MAT can help you stop using the drug, get through withdrawal, and cope with cravings. There is also a medicine called naloxone which can reverse the effects of an opioid overdose and prevent death, if it is given in time.

To prevent problems with prescription opioids, be sure to follow your doctor's instructions when taking them. Do not share your medicines with anyone else. Contact your doctor if you have any concerns about taking the medicines.

NIH: National Institute on Drug Abuse

Check out the latest treatments for DRUG WITHDRAWAL SYNDROME

DRUG WITHDRAWAL SYNDROME treatment research studies

Thyroid clinical trials, surveys and public health registries


Find Drug Side Effect reports



Thyroid Side Effects

Fatigue (48)
Hypothyroidism (38)
Alopecia (37)
Product Formulation Issue (23)
Headache (23)
Palpitations (22)
Diarrhoea (21)
Feeling Abnormal (21)
Dizziness (21)
Dyspnoea (21)
Product Substitution Issue (20)
Pain (20)
Chest Pain (20)
Asthenia (19)
Weight Increased (19)
Product Quality Issue (18)
Blood Thyroid Stimulating Hormone Increased (17)
Blood Pressure Increased (17)
Heart Rate Increased (17)
Depression (17)
Insomnia (17)
Myalgia (16)
Nausea (15)
Hypertension (15)
Arthralgia (15)
Atrial Fibrillation (15)
Dry Skin (14)
Rash (13)
Tremor (12)
Urticaria (12)
Pain In Extremity (12)
Malaise (12)
Abdominal Pain Upper (11)
Anxiety (11)
Condition Aggravated (11)
Hyperhidrosis (11)
Thyroid Function Test Abnormal (10)
Muscle Spasms (9)
Deep Vein Thrombosis (9)
Flatulence (9)
Hyperthyroidism (9)
Heart Rate Irregular (9)
Confusional State (8)
Blood Thyroid Stimulating Hormone Decreased (8)
Constipation (8)
Vomiting (8)
Weight Decreased (8)
Oedema Peripheral (8)
Extrasystoles (8)
Suicidal Ideation (7)

➢ More


Common Meds

Abilify (10132)
Adderall (1304)
Amlodipine (6664)
Amoxicillin (4387)
Benadryl (1568)
Celebrex (12876 )
Celexa (1342)
Cialis (2975)
Cipro (8580)
Citalopram (7792)
Crestor (18839)
Cymbalta (14373)
Doxycycline (1757)
Effexor (7289)
Flexeril (435)
Flomax (2177)
Fluoxetine (4261)
Gabapentin (4593)
Hydrocodone (2469)
Ibuprofen (8222)
Lantus (10968)
Lexapro (3499)
Lipitor (17769)
Lisinopril (8919)
Lyrica (27148)
Medrol (650)
Mirena (41254)
Mobic (957)
Morphine (5356)
Naproxen (538)
Neurontin (6501)
Oxycodone (4438)
Pradaxa (13372)
Prednisone (5926)
Prilosec (2631)
Prozac (1954)
Seroquel (27216)
Simvastatin (8348)
Synthroid (4452)
Tamiflu (5585)
Topamax (3748)
Tramadol (5054)
Trazodone (1458)
Viagra (5394)
Vicodin (1153)
Wellbutrin (6324)
Xanax (2847)
Zocor (5718)
Zoloft(6792)
Zyrtec(1669)

Recent Reviews

I have been getting these little blister sores that bust and turn into scap little sores. I have noticed it since about a month or so after found out my thyroid is not working right. Could this be a side effect from the medication

I have only been on it five days, it is better than nothing so far. My own thyroid production took a downfall and I am used to Armour Thyroid which has been my doctor's first choice for years. I was told by my European Doctor that Synthyroid is jus

I'm losing a lot of weight. Was 110 when started on Armour. Lost 15 lbs in one year. Take 90

In the Spring of 2008 I went to my PCP for allergy symptoms, and when he felt my neck glands to make sure that I didn't have something similiar to strept throat, he said that's the biggest Thyrioid I've ever felt, well 2 weeks later the surgeon was r

My husbadn is almost 52, and he has been very ill with a chronic GI condition for the last 12 months. He has been in and out of the hospital and had his gull bladder and appendix removed. They still have no diagnosis for the GI problems. Now last wee

Recently I was put on medication for thyroid. Its a powder compound and they put into capsules for me to take. Its 60mg 1 daily then after one week 1 twice a day. I took it Saturday no side effects. Then Sunday I had no energy and I was so cold I cou

Chantix caused me to haveseizures I would not recommend anyone to take this drug find a different way to quit smoking that is safe.

I HAD 1 SHOT OF THIS AND WITHIN 12 HOURS I WENT FROM A VERY NORMAL BLOOD PRESSURE TO WAKING AT 5 A.M. NEXT DAY WITH 198/110 AND 104 PULSE RATE. IT HAS CONTINUED ALL WEEK AFTER AND I'M NOW ON A BLOOD PRESSURE DRUG TO TRY AND CONTROL IT. EVEN WITH DR

can advagraf makke you look like you are pregnant? Can this drug affect your eye site--blurry vision

Does anyone else have insomnia problems, with this drug, was fine before taking it, but now having major trouble getting to sleep and staying asleep.

I have experienced panic attacks, light headedness and pasty mouth taking this drug at 400mg's.

I have sjogren's syndrome. Can i use arcalion or is it not good for me?

Impact of this drug on blood pressure. Should I be worried?

My symptoms were tired, weak, unable to sleep. Was prescribed half of a 15 MG Mirtazapine nightly to help me sleep. Has this drug been successful used as a sleeping aid?

WHAT ARE SIDE EFFECT OF COTRIMOXAXOLE DRUG

<!--StartFragment--> I have advanced Rheumatoid Arthritis. My Left wrist swelled painfully. Had a negative X-ray so Dr (fully informed for current drug regimens and allergies--Aspirin, Penicillin, Thoradamides, Ornate, Iodine, Latex)

DRUG WITHDRAWAL SYNDROME Clinical Trials and Studies

Treatments might be new drugs or new combinations of drugs, new surgical procedures or devices, or new ways to use existing treatments. The goal of clinical trials is to determine if a new test or treatment works and is safe. Clinical trials can also look at other aspects of care, such as improving the quality of life for people with chronic illnesses. People participate in clinical trials for a variety of reasons. Healthy volunteers say they participate to help others and to contribute to moving science forward. Participants with an illness or disease also participate to help others, but also to possibly receive the newest treatment and to have the additional care and attention from the clinical trial staff.
Rank Status Study
1 Unknown  Thyroid Hormone Dose Adjustment in Pregnancy
Conditions: Pregnancy;   Hypothyroidism
Interventions: Drug: Anticipatory dose increase of levothyroxine;   Drug: levothyroxine
Outcome Measures: proportion of patients in each treatment arm euthyroid through gestation;   the proportion of patients in each arm who required, and the gestation week at which, levothyroxine dose adjustments (either increased or decreased) occurred to maintain a euthyroid state;   Determination of the necessary frequency of serum evaluation of TSH during the first half of gestation.
2 Recruiting Study of Optimal Replacement of Thyroxine in the Elderly
Condition: Hypothyroidism
Intervention: Drug: Levothyroxine
Outcome Measures: Participant's acceptability of study design and willingness to enter study;   Participant recruitment rate;   Time to achieve desired TSH levels;   Medication compliance;   The acceptability of three patient completed questionnaires;   Assessment of mobility;   Change in specific cardiovascular risk factors;   Measure of risk of falls
3 Recruiting Study of Dose Adjustment From Levothyroxine to a New Levothyroxine Sodium Test Formulation.
Condition: Hypothyroidism
Intervention: Drug: Levothyroxine sodium new formulation
Outcome Measures: The proportion of patients that do not need a change of dose.;   The magnitude of the change in daily dose needed.;   Proportion of patients that obtained a thyroid stimulating hormone between 0.4-2.5 mU/L;   Change from baseline serum thyroid stimulating hormone (in mIU/L and percentage).
4 Unknown  Thyroxin Treatment in Sub Clinical Hypothyroidism, on the Apnea Hypopnea Index Score, Lipids and Highly Sensitive CRP
Condition: Dyslipidemia
Interventions: Drug: levothyroxine;   Drug: sugar pill
Outcome Measures: Effect of the treatment of subclinical hypothyroidism on the apnea hypopnea index (AHI) score.;   Effect of the treatment of subclinical hypothyroidism on the lipid profile in patient with dyslipidemia and on hs-CRP
5 Recruiting Effects of L-thyroxine Replacement on Serum Lipid and Atherosclerosis in Hypothyroidism
Conditions: Hypothyroidism;   Thyroid Diseases;   Endocrine System Diseases
Intervention: Drug: L-thyroxine
Outcome Measures: Rate of First CVD Events, CVD Mortality and All-cause Mortality;   Change in Serum Lipid Levels;   Change in Thickness of Blood Vessel Wall;   Change in Oxidative Stress and Chronic Inflammatory Factors Associated with Atherosclerosis
6 Recruiting Desiccated Thyroid Extract and Levothyroxine for Hypothyroidism Treatment
Condition: Primary Hypothyroidism.
Interventions: Drug: Levothyroxine;   Drug: Desiccated thyroid extract
Outcome Measures: thyroid-symptom questionnaire;   Wechsler Memory Scale-Version IV (WMS-IV);   Biochemical measures
7 Recruiting Thyroid Hormone Replacement for Subclinical Hypothyroidism
Condition: Subclinical Hypothyroidism
Interventions: Drug: Levothyroxine;   Drug: Placebo
Outcome Measures: Fatal and non-fatal cardiovascular events;   Thyroid-specific quality of life;   Health-related quality of life;   Handgrip strength;   Executive cognitive function;   Total mortality;   Basic Activities of Daily Living;   Extended activities of daily living;   Haemoglobin
8 Recruiting Treatment Trial of Subclinical Hypothyroidism in Down Syndrome
Conditions: Down Syndrome;   Subclinical Hypothyroidism
Intervention: Drug: Levothyroxine
Outcome Measures: Change in non-HDL cholesterol from baseline at 6, 12 and 18 months.;   Change in quality of life from baseline at 6, 12 and 18 months.
9 Recruiting L-Thyroxine Supplementation for Preterm Newborns Less Than 32 Weeks of Gestation With Hypothyroxinemia
Condition: Hypothyroxinemia
Interventions: Drug: L-Thyroxine;   Drug: water
Outcome Measures: Neurodevelopmental outcome;   Morbidity associated with management of newborns < 32 WG with hypothyroxinemia
10 Recruiting Effect of L-Thyroxine on Lipid Profiles and Atherosclerosis in Subclinical Hypothyroidism
Conditions: Hypothyroidism;   Thyroid Diseases;   Endocrine System Diseases
Intervention: Drug: L-thyroxine
Outcome Measures: change in lipid profile;   change in thickness of blood vessel wall;   change in endothelial function;   change of adipocytokines;   Change of Oxidative Stress and Chronic Inflammatory Factors Related with Atherosclerosis
11 Recruiting Thyroid Study Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM)
Conditions: Diabetes;   Hypothyroidism
Intervention: Drug: Euthyrox (levothyroxine)
Outcome Measures: Thyroid hormone-induced change in whole body insulin sensitivity (change in insulin-stimulated glucose disposal) and muscle mitochondrial function;   Thyroid hormone-induced change of lipid content in skeletal muscle and liver and brown adipose tissue activity
12 Recruiting Early Levothyroxine Post Radioactive Iodine
Condition: Graves' Disease
Intervention: Drug: Levothyroxine
Outcome Measures: Prevention of overt hypothyroidism;   Quality of Life
13 Recruiting Antithyroid Drug Treatment of Thyrotoxicosis in Young People
Condition: Paediatric Thyrotoxicosis
Interventions: Procedure: Block and Replace;   Procedure: Dose Titration;   Drug: carbimazole;   Drug: propylthiouracil;   Drug: thyroxine
Outcome Measures: Remission rate as defined by patients who are biochemically euthyroid at the end of the 6 year study period.;   Biochemical control as reflected by blood TSH and thyroxine levels;   The frequency of adverse events on the 2 treatment regimens.
14 Recruiting The Effect of Coffee on the Absorption of Thyroid Hormone in Patients With Thyroid Carcinoma
Conditions: Thyroid Carcinoma;   Hypothyroidism
Interventions: Other: Black Coffee;   Other: Coffee with Milk;   Other: Black Tea;   Other: Water
Outcome Measures: Change in TSH (thyrotropin-stimulating-hormone) with each beverage type;   Change in TSH with various beverages;   Change in total T4 with each beverage type;   Change in free T4 with each beverage type;   Change in total T3 with each beverage type
15 Not yet recruiting Thyroid Hormones Treatment in Asthma Exacerbation
Condition: Asthma
Interventions: Drug: IV thyroxin;   Drug: Placebo
Outcome Measures: time to normalization of PEF (peak expiratory flow);   Length of stay;   Time to oxygenation;   heart rate;   respiratory rate
16 Recruiting Selenium Supplementation in Pregnancy
Conditions: Pregnancy;   Infertility;   Auto-immune Thyroiditis
Interventions: Dietary Supplement: Selenium;   Other: Sugar Pill Placebo;   Other: Selenium + L-Thyroxine (LT4);   Other: Sugar Pill Placebo + L-Thyroxine (LT4)
Outcome Measures: Changes in TPOab and/or Tgab;   Changes in thyroid volume and echogenicity;   Changes in thyroid hormones (TSH, FT4, FT3);   Evaluation of Maternal risks;   Evaluation of Infant risks;   Changes in of quality of life;   Evaluation of Health Services:;   Changes in the selenium-dependent antioxidant enzyme glutathione peroxidase;   Changes in implantation and pregnancy rates
17 Recruiting The TRUST Study - Depression Substudy
Conditions: Subclinical Hypothyroidism;   Depression
Interventions: Drug: Levothyroxine;   Drug: Placebo
Outcome Measure: Change from baseline in 15-items Geriatric Depression Scale
18 Recruiting Preconceptional Thyroid Screening and Childhood Nerocognitive Function
Condition: Hypothyroidism
Intervention: Procedure: levothyroxine
Outcome Measures: Offspring neurocognitive assessment at 0-3 yrs;   Offspring IQ assessment at 0-3 yrs;   Incidence of neonatal hypothyroid and complications
19 Unknown  The Effect of Thyroid Hormone Levels in Pregnant Women on the Intelligence Quotient (IQ) of Their Children
Conditions: Child Development Disorders;   Pregnancy;   Subclinical Hypothyroidism
Intervention:
Outcome Measure:
20 Recruiting Efficacy Assessment of Systematic Treatment With Folinic Acid and Thyroid Hormone on Psychomotor Development of Down Syndrome Young Children
Condition: Down Syndrome
Intervention: Drug: thyroid hormone and folinic acid
Outcome Measures: GMDS ( Griffiths Mental Development Scale);   BL (Brunet Lezine revised scale)