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HYPERCHOLESTEROLAEMIA and RECLAST

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HYPERCHOLESTEROLAEMIA Symptoms and Causes

What is cholesterol?

Cholesterol is a waxy, fat-like substance that's found in all the cells in your body. Your body needs some cholesterol to make hormones, vitamin D, and substances that help you digest foods. Your body makes all the cholesterol it needs. Cholesterol is also found in foods from animal sources, such as egg yolks, meat, and cheese.

If you have too much cholesterol in your blood, it can combine with other substances in the blood to form plaque. Plaque sticks to the walls of your arteries. This buildup of plaque is known as atherosclerosis. It can lead to coronary artery disease, where your coronary arteries become narrow or even blocked.

What are LDL, HDL, and VLDL?

There are different types of cholesterol:

  • HDL stands for high-density lipoprotein. It is called the "good" cholesterol because it carries cholesterol from other parts of your body back to your liver. Your liver then removes the cholesterol from your body.
  • LDL stands for low-density lipoprotein. It is called the "bad" cholesterol because a high LDL level leads to the buildup of plaque in your arteries.
  • VLDL stands for very low-density lipoprotein. It is also a "bad" cholesterol because it too contributes to the buildup of plaque in your arteries. But VLDL and LDL are different; VLDL carries triglycerides and LDL carries cholesterol.
What causes high cholesterol?

The most common cause of high cholesterol is an unhealthy lifestyle. This can include

  • Unhealthy eating habits, such as eating lots of bad fats. One type, saturated fat, is found in some meats, dairy products, chocolate, baked goods, and deep-fried and processed foods. Another type, trans fat, is in some fried and processed foods. Eating these fats can raise your LDL (bad) cholesterol.
  • Lack of physical activity, with lots of sitting and little exercise. This lowers your HDL (good) cholesterol.
  • Smoking, which lowers HDL cholesterol, especially in women. It also raises your LDL cholesterol.

Genetics may also cause people to have high cholesterol. For example, familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is an inherited form of high cholesterol. Other medical conditions and certain medicines may also cause high cholesterol.

What can raise my risk of high cholesterol?

A variety of things can raise your risk for high cholesterol:

  • Age. Your cholesterol levels tend to rise as you get older. Even though it is less common, younger people, including children and teens, can also have high cholesterol.
  • Heredity. High blood cholesterol can run in families.
  • Weight. Being overweight or having obesity raises your cholesterol level.
  • Race. Certain races may have an increased risk of high cholesterol. For example, African Americans typically have higher HDL and LDL cholesterol levels than whites.
  • Weight. Being overweight or having obesity raises your cholesterol level.
What health problems can high cholesterol cause?

If you have large deposits of plaque in your arteries, an area of plaque can rupture (break open). This can cause a blood clot to form on the surface of the plaque. If the clot becomes large enough, it can mostly or completely block blood flow in a coronary artery.

If the flow of oxygen-rich blood to your heart muscle is reduced or blocked, it can cause angina (chest pain) or a heart attack.

Plaque also can build up in other arteries in your body, including the arteries that bring oxygen-rich blood to your brain and limbs. This can lead to problems such as carotid artery disease, stroke, and peripheral arterial disease.

How do I know if I have high cholesterol?

There are usually no signs or symptoms that you have high cholesterol. There is a blood test to measure your cholesterol level. When and how often you should get this test depends on your age, risk factors, and family history. The general recommendations are:

For people who are age 19 or younger:

  • The first test should be between ages 9 to 11
  • Children should have the test again every 5 years
  • Some children may have this test starting at age 2 if there is a family history of high blood cholesterol, heart attack, or stroke

For people who are age 20 or older:

  • Younger adults should have the test every 5 years
  • Men ages 45 to 65 and women ages 55 to 65 should have it every 1 to 2 years
How can I lower my cholesterol?

You can lower your cholesterol through heart-healthy lifestyle changes. They include a heart-healthy eating plan, weight management, and regular physical activity.

If the lifestyle changes alone do not lower your cholesterol enough, you may also need to take medicines. There are several types of cholesterol-lowering drugs available, including statins. If you take medicines to lower your cholesterol, you still should continue with the lifestyle changes.

Some people with familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) may receive a treatment called lipoprotein apheresis. This treatment uses a filtering machine to remove LDL cholesterol from the blood. Then the machine returns the rest of the blood back to the person.

NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Check out the latest treatments for HYPERCHOLESTEROLAEMIA

HYPERCHOLESTEROLAEMIA treatment research studies

RECLAST clinical trials, surveys and public health registries


Find Drug Side Effect reports



RECLAST Side Effects

Arthralgia (599)
Pain (418)
Myalgia (402)
Headache (341)
Bone Pain (334)
Pyrexia (332)
Influenza Like Illness (315)
Nausea (272)
Chills (241)
Asthenia (234)
Fatigue (233)
Back Pain (228)
Pain In Extremity (213)
Dizziness (181)
Dyspnoea (177)
Chest Pain (163)
Vomiting (163)
Malaise (141)
Gait Disturbance (136)
Diarrhoea (128)
Death (122)
Pain In Jaw (121)
Muscle Spasms (112)
Feeling Abnormal (101)
Abasia (99)
Musculoskeletal Pain (99)
Oedema Peripheral (98)
Blood Creatinine Increased (95)
Fall (89)
Joint Swelling (84)
Neck Pain (83)
Dehydration (79)
Confusional State (76)
Muscular Weakness (73)
Blood Pressure Increased (69)
Abdominal Pain (67)
Renal Failure Acute (67)
Musculoskeletal Stiffness (66)
Paraesthesia (66)
Hypoaesthesia (65)
Decreased Appetite (63)
Insomnia (60)
Erythema (59)
Eye Pain (58)
Chest Discomfort (57)
Atrial Fibrillation (56)
Activities Of Daily Living Impaired (55)
Hypocalcaemia (54)
Syncope (53)
Osteonecrosis (52)

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Common Meds

Abilify (10132)
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Amlodipine (6664)
Amoxicillin (4387)
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Cipro (8580)
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Flomax (2177)
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Zyrtec(1669)

Recent Reviews

I just had the infusion two days ago (1/19/10) and was surprised with the intensity of muscle pain the day after the treatment. My pain was localized to my rib cage, neck, shoulders and upper back. In addition I was very fatiqued...slept most of

"Association does not equal causation": posters seem to assume that any symptom occurring within a year of the Reclast infusion is caused by Reclast (just noticing that, and wondering whether the manufacturer needs to do a better jo

<span style='color: #808080;'>i was very unsure about reclast but the specialist was very pushie about me tring it,when i read up on it everything negative ( as far as reviews) my doc said don't go by reviews.aftre 2 mths i

Tell women not to take this drug. I for see huge lawsuits in the future. I may not live that long but it will happen! I was told to report to the hospital for my infusion. No one told me mu

<span style='color: #808080;'>si vous prenez le medrol 16 mg mangez des dattes et des bananes qui sont riches en potassium et n'oubliez pas de faire des analyses de temps en temps , une chute de potassium pourrait&ecirc;tre&nb

<strong></strong><span style='color: #808080;'>I had my first Reclast infusion last Thursday morning. I am a nurse so am on my feet a lot and at work Thursday evening I started having pain across the back of my

12 hours after Reclast IV, had fever, chills, pain in stomach, dizziness, headache - lasted 12 hours on and off - scary.

2 months after injection . I want to say I was extremely ill the day, about 10 hours afterwards , I got my Iv infusion of this medication . About 10 hours after the IV infusion I became very sick , Flu like symptoms , 103.6 temperture , thought

About 6 weeks after I got Reclast I got pains in my groin and hip. Is that a coincidence or is it possible to have these symptoms so long after the infusions. It is now 5 months and I now have pain in both hips, back and tingling in my feet and one

After my first (and last) experience with this drug, on January 5, 2011, I'm in pain. My back,my shoulder, my neck, my chest hurt. I'm taking pain killers to deal with the pain, but its not enough. Did someone had a better way ease the pain?

HYPERCHOLESTEROLAEMIA Clinical Trials and Studies

Treatments might be new drugs or new combinations of drugs, new surgical procedures or devices, or new ways to use existing treatments. The goal of clinical trials is to determine if a new test or treatment works and is safe. Clinical trials can also look at other aspects of care, such as improving the quality of life for people with chronic illnesses. People participate in clinical trials for a variety of reasons. Healthy volunteers say they participate to help others and to contribute to moving science forward. Participants with an illness or disease also participate to help others, but also to possibly receive the newest treatment and to have the additional care and attention from the clinical trial staff.
Rank Status Study
1 Not yet recruiting The Use of Zoledronic Acid to Complex Regional Pain Syndrome
Condition: Complex Regional Pain Syndromes
Interventions: Drug: Zoledronic acid;   Drug: Placebo
Outcome Measures: Pain measured on Visual Analog Scale;   Lower Limbs vertical force on Wii platform;   American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Scale (AOFAS);   36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36)
2 Recruiting Pilot Study of Bisphosphonate Therapy (Zoledronic Acid) in Patients With Malignant Mesothelioma (UAB 0901)
Condition: Mesothelioma
Intervention: Drug: Zometa (zoledronic acid)
Outcome Measures: Evaluation of the tumor response rate following zoledronic acid;   Evaluation of the duration of tumor response
3 Recruiting Biomarkers in Tissue Samples From Patients With Newly Diagnosed Breast Cancer Treated With Zoledronic Acid
Conditions: Estrogen Receptor-negative Breast Cancer;   Estrogen Receptor-positive Breast Cancer;   Invasive Ductal Breast Carcinoma;   Progesterone Receptor-negative Breast Cancer;   Progesterone Receptor-positive Breast Cancer;   Stage IA Breast Cancer;   Stage IB Breast Cancer;   Stage II Breast Cancer
Interventions: Drug: zoledronic acid;   Other: laboratory biomarker analysis;   Procedure: therapeutic conventional surgery
Outcome Measures: Changes in biomarkers of tumor growth and metastasis in women with newly diagnosed ER and/or PR positive invasive ductal breast cancer receiving zoledronic acid;   Changes in immunologic function after a single dose of zoledronic acid;   Changes in the expression of tumor markers important to breast cancer progression and metastasis in women receiving zoledronic acid
4 Recruiting Zoledronic Acid in Acute Spinal Cord Injury
Condition: Complete Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury
Interventions: Drug: Zoledronic acid;   Drug: normal saline 0.9%
Outcome Measures: change in bone mineral density;   Biomarkers of bone formation and resorption;   safety and tolerability of zoledronic acid
5 Unknown  Evaluation of Zoledronic Acid as a Single Agent or as an Adjuvant to Chemotherapy in High Grade Osteosarcoma
Condition: Osteosarcoma
Interventions: Drug: Zoledronic acid;   Drug: Standard chemotherapy
Outcome Measure: histological response disease free interval
6 Recruiting The Effect of Treatment With Teriparatide and Zoledronic Acid in Patients With Osteogenesis Imperfecta
Condition: Osteogenesis Imperfecta
Interventions: Drug: Zoledronic acid;   Drug: Teriparatide;   Drug: placebo zoledronic acid;   Drug: placebo teriparatide
Outcome Measures: Bone Mineral Density (BMD);   Fracture risk
7 Recruiting Bone Loss Treatment From Adjuvant Zoledronate Efficacy
Conditions: Breast Neoplasms;   Bone Loss
Intervention: Drug: Zoledronate
Outcome Measures: Change from Baseline in Bone Mineral Density;   Bone metastasis rate;   Disease-Free Survival
8 Recruiting Denosumab Compared to Zoledronic Acid in the Treatment of Bone Disease in Subjects With Multiple Myeloma
Conditions: Cancer;   Hematologic Malignancies;   Multiple Myeloma;   Oncology;   Bone Metastases;   Multiple Myeloma Bone Lesions
Interventions: Drug: Denosumab;   Drug: Zoledronic acid
Outcome Measures: Time to the first on-study skeletal related event (SRE) (non-inferiority test);   Time to the first-and-subsequent SRE (superiority test, using multiple event analysis);   Time to the first on-study SRE (superiority test)
9 Recruiting Effect of the Combination of Bortezomib/Dexamethasone/Zoledronic Acid on Bone Disease in Patients With Multiple Myeloma Who Have Relapsed After 1-3 Prior Lines of Therapy
Condition: Multiple Myeloma
Interventions: Drug: Bortezomib;   Drug: Zoledronic Acid;   Drug: Dexamethasone
Outcome Measures: Bone Mineral Density (BMD);   Bone mineral density (BMD);   Serum values of bone-specific alkaline phosphatase, osteocalcin and C-terminal cross-linking telopeptides of collagen type-I;   Bone pain;   Skeletal-related events (SRE: pathologic fractures, need for bone radiation therapy or surgery);   Improvement of osteolytic lesions
10 Not yet recruiting Genetics in Predicting Risk of Bisphosphonate-Related Osteonecrosis of the Jaw in Patients With Cancer Receiving Zoledronic Acid
Conditions: Malignant Neoplasm;   Musculoskeletal Complications
Interventions: Drug: zoledronic acid;   Other: pharmacological study
Outcome Measures: Plasma concentrations of Zol collected at visits 2, 3, 4, and 5;   Urine concentrations of Zol collected at visits 2, 3, 4, and 5;   Jawbone tissue concentrations of Zol collected during surgical treatment for BRONJ;   Identify potential risk factors for BRONJ
11 Recruiting Pilot Study of Zoledronic Acid and Interleukin-2 for Refractory Pediatric Neuroblastoma
Condition: Neuroblastoma
Interventions: Drug: Zoledronic Acid;   Biological: Aldesleukin
Outcome Measures: Evaluate the safety and toxicity of zoledronic acid and aldesleukin;   Evaluate the biologic function of autologous expanded/activated gamma delta T cells in neuroblastoma patients receiving therapy with zoledronic acid and aldesleukin;   uoEvaluate immune phenotype of in vivo expanded/activated autologous gamma delta T cells;   To document tumor response in patients with measurable disease.;   Determine the ability of in vivo expanded/activated gamma delta T cells to infiltrate neuroblastoma tissue using immunohistochemical techniques when post-therapy specimens are available.
12 Recruiting The ODYSSEY TRIAL Phase IV Trial Evaluating the Palliative Benefit of Pamidronate or Zoledronic Acid in Breast Cancer
Condition: Breast Cancer
Interventions: Drug: Pamidronate;   Drug: Zoledronic acid;   Drug: placebo
Outcome Measures: sCTX values;   Palliative response
13 Recruiting Adjuvant Zoledronic Acid in High Risk Giant Cell Tumour of Bone (GCT)
Conditions: Giant Cell Tumor of Bone;   Osteoclastoma
Intervention: Drug: Zoledronic acid
Outcome Measures: Determine if adjuvant zoledronic acid improves the 2 year recurrence rate of 'high risk' GCT as compared to standard care;   Evaluate the usefulness of bone remodelling markers in diagnosing and monitoring GCT;   Determine the relapse free survival
14 Recruiting N2007-02:Bevacizumab,Cyclophosphamide,& Zoledronic Acid in Patients W/ Recurrent or Refractory High-Risk Neuroblastoma
Condition: Neuroblastoma
Interventions: Drug: Bevacizumab;   Drug: cyclophosphamide;   Drug: zoledronic acid
Outcome Measures: Determination of toxicities and feasibility of the combination of bolus plus metronomic cyclophosphamide and zoledronic acid with and without bevacizumab when given to children with refractory or recurrent high risk neuroblastoma.;   Evaluation of response within the confines of a phase I study.;   Analysis of Circulating Endothelial Cells, Circulating Factors, Gene expression and Bone Metabolism Studies.
15 Recruiting FES-Rowing Versus Zoledronic Acid to Improve Bone Health in Spinal Cord Injury (SCI)
Condition: Osteoporosis
Interventions: Other: FES-Rowing;   Drug: Zoledronic acid
Outcome Measures: Improvement of bone mass as measured by sequential evaluation of bone density and bone structure;   Validation of DXA Scanning in patients with SCI
16 Recruiting 1 Year Open-label Extension to CZOL446H2337 Safety and Efficacy Trial of Zoledronic Acid Twice Yearly in Osteoporotic Children Treated With Glucocorticoids for Chronic Inflammatory Conditions
Condition: Osteoporosis
Intervention: Drug: zoledronic acid
Outcome Measures: Safety of zoledronic acid for the treatment of osteoporotic children treated with glucocorticoids for chronic inflammatory conditions by adverse event collection and laboratory results monitoring.;   Change from baseline in LS areal BMD Z-score at Month 18 and 24 by core treatment group by dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA).;   Change from baseline in LS and total body BMC by core treatment group by DXA.;   Change in biochemical marker values (serum P1NP, BSAP, NTx and TRAP-5b) from baseline.;   Change in the number of new clinical vertebral fractures and new morphometric vertebral fractures.;   To evaluate the change from baseline (Visit 1 of the Core study) in pain using the Faces Pain Scale-Revised (FPS-R)by core treatment group.
17 Unknown  Clinical Study of Sorafenib and Zoledronic Acid to Treat Advanced HCC
Condition: Hepatocellular Carcinoma
Intervention: Drug: Sorafenib and Zoledronic Acid
Outcome Measures: numbers of adverse events;   Overall survival (OS), time to progression (TTP)
18 Recruiting Research of Zoledronic Acid and Aromatase Inhibitors as Adjuvant Therapy to Breast Cancer
Condition: Breast Cancer
Intervention: Drug: Zoledronic Acid and Aromatase Inhibitors
Outcome Measures: therapeutic assessment;   Adverse reactions and disease-free survival
19 Recruiting HOBOE: A Phase 3 Study of Adjuvant Triptorelin and Tamoxifen, Letrozole, or Letrozole and Zoledronic Acid in Premenopausal Patients With Breast Cancer.
Condition: Breast Cancer
Interventions: Drug: tamoxifen;   Drug: triptorelin;   Drug: letrozole;   Drug: zoledronic acid
Outcome Measures: disease free survival in premenopausal patients;   bone mineral density;   Bone mineral density measured;   disease free survival in postmenopausal patients;   overall survival;   toxicity of letrozole + triptorelin and letrozole + zoledronic acid + triptorelin in premenopausal patients
20 Not yet recruiting Zoledronic Acid in Rheumatoid Arthritis
Condition: Arthritis, Rheumatoid
Intervention: Drug: Zoledronic acid
Outcome Measure: Sharp van der Heijde index