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HYPERKALAEMIA and Mirtazapine

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HYPERKALAEMIA Symptoms and Causes

Potassium is a mineral that your body needs to work properly. It is a type of electrolyte. It helps your nerves to function and muscles to contract. It helps your heartbeat stay regular. It also helps move nutrients into cells and waste products out of cells. A diet rich in potassium helps to offset some of sodium's harmful effects on blood pressure.

Many people get all the potassium they need from what they eat and drink. Sources of potassium in the diet include

  • Leafy greens, such as spinach and collards
  • Fruit from vines, such as grapes and blackberries
  • Root vegetables, such as carrots and potatoes
  • Citrus fruits, such as oranges and grapefruit

Your kidneys help to keep the right amount of potassium in your body. If you have chronic kidney disease, your kidneys may not remove extra potassium from the blood. Some medicines also can raise your potassium level. You may need a special diet to lower the amount of potassium that you eat.

Check out the latest treatments for HYPERKALAEMIA

HYPERKALAEMIA treatment research studies

Mirtazapine clinical trials, surveys and public health registries


Find Drug Side Effect reports



Mirtazapine Side Effects

Completed Suicide (237)
Confusional State (206)
Hyponatraemia (180)
Depression (160)
Overdose (148)
Anxiety (147)
Fall (136)
Dizziness (130)
Agitation (130)
Condition Aggravated (123)
Somnolence (117)
Insomnia (113)
Headache (110)
Serotonin Syndrome (109)
Suicidal Ideation (107)
Fatigue (105)
Loss Of Consciousness (104)
Convulsion (103)
Aggression (103)
Suicide Attempt (100)
Nausea (96)
Oedema Peripheral (93)
Dyspnoea (92)
Weight Increased (90)
Tachycardia (90)
Tremor (84)
Malaise (82)
Vomiting (75)
Restless Legs Syndrome (75)
Myalgia (73)
Alanine Aminotransferase Increased (72)
Cardiac Arrest (71)
Inappropriate Antidiuretic Hormone Secretion (71)
Feeling Abnormal (70)
Toxicity To Various Agents (69)
Asthenia (69)
Diarrhoea (67)
Syncope (62)
Hyperhidrosis (61)
Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome (61)
Pain In Extremity (61)
Electrocardiogram Qt Prolonged (60)
Pyrexia (59)
Aspartate Aminotransferase Increased (58)
Pulmonary Embolism (57)
Arthralgia (56)
Hypotension (56)
Irritability (56)
Pain (55)
Gait Disturbance (54)

➢ More


Common Meds

Abilify (10132)
Adderall (1304)
Amlodipine (6664)
Amoxicillin (4387)
Benadryl (1568)
Celebrex (12876 )
Celexa (1342)
Cialis (2975)
Cipro (8580)
Citalopram (7792)
Crestor (18839)
Cymbalta (14373)
Doxycycline (1757)
Effexor (7289)
Flexeril (435)
Flomax (2177)
Fluoxetine (4261)
Gabapentin (4593)
Hydrocodone (2469)
Ibuprofen (8222)
Lantus (10968)
Lexapro (3499)
Lipitor (17769)
Lisinopril (8919)
Lyrica (27148)
Medrol (650)
Mirena (41254)
Mobic (957)
Morphine (5356)
Naproxen (538)
Neurontin (6501)
Oxycodone (4438)
Pradaxa (13372)
Prednisone (5926)
Prilosec (2631)
Prozac (1954)
Seroquel (27216)
Simvastatin (8348)
Synthroid (4452)
Tamiflu (5585)
Topamax (3748)
Tramadol (5054)
Trazodone (1458)
Viagra (5394)
Vicodin (1153)
Wellbutrin (6324)
Xanax (2847)
Zocor (5718)
Zoloft(6792)
Zyrtec(1669)

Recent Reviews

i have been on citalopram and amatripolineand fluxaitne i have been on 15mg of mirtazapine and tryed 30mg the doc has put me on 45mg and i asked if these tablets dont work what is next hes said shrink as i have tryed all the ones he said but i have

My symptoms were tired, weak, unable to sleep. Was prescribed half of a 15 MG Mirtazapine nightly to help me sleep. Has this drug been successful used as a sleeping aid?

The above comment is too stupid, I actually LOLed at you Pete... lol you gave it 2 days and your complaining about the side-effects? and on 15 mgs? LMAO!!! It takes couple weeks at least to cope with the side-effects; just like m

48 year old male, I have suffered depression all my life. Have used SSRI's for the last ten years with good but mixed results. Last year lost my job due to an episode where I ended up throwing my monitor across the office and have not been able to wo

After a nasty experience with citalapram i was advised by my doc to try mirtazapine and it has suitedme very well. only side effect i canreport is an appetite increase. However as i don't carry much weight that isnt a problem.&

Back pain

Been on 90mg mirtazapine for 6 years twice the recomended dose is this considered safe

Body covered in hives

Does mirtazapine have muscles side effects?

Hi, I have been on mittazapine for 10 days, sleepy , tierd all the time and slugish in response to conversation just horrid feel gastly , head ace, The worst went to bed 11pm took the 15mg pill, went to the loo at 3am and collapse

HYPERKALAEMIA Clinical Trials and Studies

Treatments might be new drugs or new combinations of drugs, new surgical procedures or devices, or new ways to use existing treatments. The goal of clinical trials is to determine if a new test or treatment works and is safe. Clinical trials can also look at other aspects of care, such as improving the quality of life for people with chronic illnesses. People participate in clinical trials for a variety of reasons. Healthy volunteers say they participate to help others and to contribute to moving science forward. Participants with an illness or disease also participate to help others, but also to possibly receive the newest treatment and to have the additional care and attention from the clinical trial staff.
Rank Status Study
1 Not yet recruiting Clinical Decision Support System for Quality Assurance in Potassium-Increasing Drug-Drug-Interactions
Condition: Hyperkalemia
Intervention: Behavioral: decision support in potassium-inc. drug-drug-interactions
Outcome Measures: Impact on serum potassium monitoring during potassium-increasing drug-drug-interactions;   Frequency of hyperkalemia during potassium-increasing drug-drug-interactions;   Frequency of potassium-increasing drug-drug-interactions ordered in the presence of hyperkalemia;   Frequency of transfers to the ICU during potassium-increasing drug-drug-interactions in function of the serum potassium level;   Frequency of death during potassium-increasing drug-drug-interactions in the presence or absence of hyperkalemia;   Change in frequency distribution of serum potassium monitoring intervals;   Response of physicians to the computer-based alerts and reminders
2 Recruiting Efficacy of Sodium Polystyrene Sulfonate in the Treatment of Hyperkaliemia in Pre-dialysis Patients
Conditions: Hyperkalemia;   Chronic Kidney Failure
Interventions: Drug: Sodium polystyrene sulfonate;   Drug: Lactose with carob gum
Outcome Measures: Change in serum potassium levels from baseline;   Proportion of subjects attaining normokalemia (serum potassium level of 3.5 to 5.5 mmol/L) in each treatment arm;   Number of patients with adverse events in each treatment group
3 Recruiting Safety & Efficacy of Zirconium Silicate Dosed for 28 Days in Hyperkalemia.
Condition: Hyperkalemia
Interventions: Drug: Zirconium silicate (acute phase);   Drug: Zirconium silicate (maintenance phase);   Other: Silicilate microcrystaline cellulose (maintenance phase)
Outcome Measures: Maintenance of serum potassium level with once daily ZS for 28 days after establishment of normokalemia with ZS three times a day for first 48 hours.;   Proportion of subjects who convert from hyperkalemia to normokalemia after 10g ZS three times a day.
4 Recruiting Open-label Dosing of ZS 10g qd for 60 Days to Extend Study ZS-004, Safety & Efficacy of ZS (Zirconium Silicate) in Hyperkalemia.
Condition: Hyperkalemia
Intervention: Drug: Zirconium silicate
Outcome Measure: Maintenance of serum potassium within normal range (3.5 5.0 mmol/l) with once daily ZS for 2 months after establishment of normokalemia in prior ZS-004 study, or after an additional 48-hour treatment with 10g ZS three times daily.
5 Unknown  Genetic Determinants of the Hypokalemic and Hyperglycemic Effect of Albuterol Inhalation
Conditions: Hyperkalemia;   Chronic Renal Failure
Intervention: Drug: Albuterol (1,200 μg) through metered-dose inhaler
Outcome Measures: The extent of decrease in plasma potassium concentration;   The extent of increase in plasma glucose concentration;   Plasma concentration of albuterol
6 Recruiting Use of Spironolactone for the Prevention of Electrolyte Abnormalities in Patients Treated With Amphotericin B
Condition: Patients With Indications for AmB Treatment
Interventions: Drug: Spironolactone 100mg;   Drug: Spironolactone 200mg;   Drug: Placebo
Outcome Measures: Incidence of hypokalemia ≤3.5mEq/L;   Average potassium supplementation;   Incidence of hyperkalemia;   Acute kidney injury;   Incidence of renal tubular damage;   Incidence of hypomagnesemia
7 Unknown  Aldosterone in Diabetic Nephropathy
Condition: Diabetic Nephropathy
Interventions: Drug: Spironolactone;   Drug: Placebo
Outcome Measures: Reduction of albuminuria;   Reduction of diastolic disfunction
8 Recruiting Attenuation of Cardiac Effects of Arteriovenous Fistula Creation With Losartan
Conditions: Renal Failure;   Left Ventricular Hypertrophy
Intervention: Drug: losartan
Outcome Measure: left ventricular hypertrophy
9 Recruiting Acetazolamide and Spironolactone to Increase Natriuresis in Congestive Heart Failure
Condition: Heart Failure
Interventions: Drug: Combination therapy with acetazolamide and low-dose loop diuretics;   Drug: High-dose loop diuretics;   Drug: Upfront therapy with oral spironolactone
Outcome Measures: Acetazolamide arm: natriuresis 24 h;   Spironolactone arm: incidence of hypo- (serum potassium <3.5 mmol/L) or hyperkalemia (serum potassium >5.0 mmol/L);   NT-proBNP change after 72 h;   Worsening renal function;   Persistent renal impairment;   Peak plasma aldosterone concentration after 72 h;   Peak plasma renin activity after 72 h
10 Not yet recruiting L-Arginine and Spironolactone Trial in Dialysis-Dependent ESRD
Conditions: End Stage Renal Disease;   Hemodialysis
Interventions: Drug: Spironolactone;   Dietary Supplement: L-arginine;   Drug: Placebo
Outcome Measures: Change in coronary Flow Reserve (PET);   Change in left ventricular diastolic function;   Association between coronary flow reserve (CFR) and tissue doppler index (E');   Change in resting myocardial blood flow;   Change in left ventricular mass index;   Change in coronary vascular resistance;   Association between change in coronary flow reserve (CFR) and change in diastolic function-tissue doppler index (E');   Change in early diastolic function (E');   Combined cardiovascular safety;   Cardiovascular death;   Hyperkalemia;   Hypotension;   Change in early coronary flow reserve;   Change in hyperemic myocardial blood flow
11 Recruiting Clinical Study Of Eplerenone In Japanese Patients With Chronic Heart Failure
Condition: Heart Failure
Interventions: Drug: Eplerenone;   Drug: Placebo
Outcome Measures: First occurrence of cardiovascular mortality or heart failure hospitalization;   First occurrence of Cardiovascular (CV) mortality, heart failure (HF) hospitalization or Addition/Increase of HF medication due to HF worsening;   All-cause mortality;   CV mortality;   All-cause hospitalization;   HF hospitalization;   All-cause mortality or all-cause hospitalization;   HF mortality or HF hospitalization;   CV hospitalization;   Addition/Increase of HF medication due to HF worsening;   Fatal/non-fatal myocardial infarction;   Fatal/non-fatal stroke;   New onset atrial fibrillation/flutter;   New onset diabetes mellitus;   Worsening renal function (if it results in hospitalization);   Hospitalization for hyperkalemia;   Plasma BNP, Serum nt-BNP;   LVEF;   NYHA classification;   Specific activity scale (SAS)
12 Recruiting Perioperative Insulin, GIK or GLP-1 Treatment in Diabetes Mellitus
Condition: Diabetes Mellitus Type II
Interventions: Drug: Liraglutide;   Drug: Insulin bolus;   Drug: GIK infusion
Outcome Measures: Median glucose;   Total Insulin administration;   Postoperative complications;   Hypoglycemia;   Hypo- and hyperkalemia
13 Unknown  The Effect of Glucose-Insulin-Potassium Infusion in Patients Undergoing Cardiac Surgery
Conditions: Aortic Stenosis;   Coronary Heart Disease;   Heart Failure
Interventions: Drug: Glucose-insulin-potassium;   Drug: Placebo
Outcome Measures: Serum troponin and creatinine kinase;   Systolic and diastolic cardiac function using transoesophageal echocardiography;   Hypo-/hyperglycemia Hypo-/hyperkaliemia;   Serious cardiovascular adverse events (myocardial infarction, cardiac arrhythmia, low cardiac output, stroke)
14 Unknown  Effect of Rapid Transfusion With Fluid Management System (FMS) on Plasma Potassium in Liver Transplantation Recipients
Condition: Condition Requiring Rapid Transfusion During Liver Transplantation Surgery
Intervention:
Outcome Measures: potassium concentration in the Fluid Management System (FMS) reservoir;   plasma potassium of the patient
15 Recruiting ALdosterone Antagonist Chronic HEModialysis Interventional Survival Trial
Condition: End Stage Renal Failure on Dialysis
Interventions: Drug: Spironolactone;   Drug: Placebo
Outcome Measures: The time to onset of the first incident :non-fatal MI or hospitalization for heart failure or nonfatal stroke or cardiovascular (CV) death;   The cumulate rate of nonfatal MI, hospitalization for heart failure, nonfatal stroke or CV death;   The time to onset of death from i) any cause and ii) from a CV event and iii) from a non CV cause;   The time of survival without a major CV event (nonfatal MI, hospitalization for heart failure, non-fatal stroke, cardiac arrest resuscitation);   Incidence of procedures related to stenosis or vascular access thrombosis for hemodialysis (HD);   Incidence of coronary or peripheral revascularizations (including lower limb amputations);   Blood pressure and its inter visit variability;   The occurrence of atrial fibrillation;   Incidence of hyperkalemia> 6 mmol/l;   Estimation of the effect of treatment on quality of life.
16 Not yet recruiting Aliskiren Study of Safety and Efficacy in Senior Hypertensives
Condition: Hypertension
Interventions: Drug: Aliskiren;   Drug: Amlodipine;   Drug: Ramipril;   Drug: Hydrochlorothiazide
Outcome Measures: Change from baseline in mean sitting systolic blood pressure (MSSBP) to week 8;   Number of patients with serious adverse events and adverse events;   Number of patients with hyperkalemia, hypotension and reduction of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR);   Change from baseline in mean sitting systolic blood pressure (MSSBP) at the end of double blind period;   Percentage of patients achieving blood pressure control;   Percentage of patients with major cardiovascular events;   Number of patients with gastrointestinal tract cancer
17 Not yet recruiting ATG Versus Basiliximab in Kidney Transplant Displaying Low Immunological Risk But High Susceptibility to DGF
Condition: Kidney Transplantation
Interventions: Drug: Anti-Thymocyte Globulins treatment;   Drug: Basiliximab treatment
Outcome Measures: Occurrence of a delayed graft function;   Duration of the delayed graft function;   Evolution of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR);   Number of dialysis procedures performed after transplantation without taking into account the dialysis due to hyperkaliemia and/or hyperhydratation;   Evolution of Tacrolimus levels (T0) from Day 1 to Day 7 post transplantation then every 2 days until hospital discharge.;   Hematologic effect within the first 3 months of surgery (WBC monitoring, CD3, CD4, CD8, CD19, NK and platelet sub population analysis).;   Occurrence of infections within the first 3 months post transplantation, especially the CMV and BK reactivation assessed by RTPCR;   Occurrence of biopsy-confirmed acute rejection episodes and subclinical acute rejection episodes within the first 3 months post transplantation.;   Percentage of renal fibrosis on a surveillance kidney biopsy at 3 months post transplantation
18 Recruiting Spironolactone for Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
Condition: Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
Interventions: Drug: Spironolactone;   Drug: Placebo
Outcome Measures: Change in placebo corrected 6-minute walk distance;   Clinical worsening;   Change in placebo corrected VO2 max;   Change in right ventricular function;   Biomarkers of vascular inflammation;   Rate of study drug discontinuation due to hyperkalemia, renal insufficiency, or other side effects such as breast pain and gynecomastia
19 Recruiting Genes, Fibrinolysis and Endothelial Dysfunction- Dialysis Aim 3
Conditions: Oxidative Stress;   Endothelial Dysfunction
Interventions: Drug: ramipril (ACE inhibitor);   Drug: valsartan (ARB);   Drug: Placebo
Outcome Measures: To compare the long term effects of ACE inhibition or angiotensin receptor blockade versus placebo on biomarkers of fibrinolysis, oxidative stress and inflammation in patients with chronic kidney disease undergoing maintenance hemodialysis;   To compare the long term effects of ACE inhibition or AT1 receptor blockade versus placebo on carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) in patients with chronic kidney disease undergoing maintenance hemodialysis;   Track safety endpoints- hyperkalemia, hypotension, nonfatal myocardial infarction, nonfatal stroke, death from cardiac causes, fatal stroke, death due to any cause.
20 Recruiting EPLErenone in CsA-Treated Recipients (EpleCsAT): Safety
Conditions: Chronic Kidney Insufficiency;   Kidney Transplantation
Intervention: Drug: Eplerenone
Outcome Measure: Occurence of an adverse event requiring the discontinuation of eplerenone