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INFLUENZA LIKE ILLNESS and Baclofen

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INFLUENZA LIKE ILLNESS Symptoms and Causes

Mosquitoes are insects that live all over the world. There are thousands of different species of mosquitoes; about 200 of those live in the United States.

Female mosquitoes bite animals and humans and drink a very small amount of their blood. They need protein and iron from blood to produce eggs. After drinking blood, they find some standing water and lay their eggs in it. The eggs hatch into larvae, then pupae, and then they become adult mosquitos. The males live for about a week to ten days, and the females can live up to several weeks. Some female mosquitoes can hibernate in the winter, and they can live for months.

What health problems can mosquito bites cause?

Most mosquito bites are harmless, but there are times when they can be dangerous. The ways that mosquito bites can affect humans include

  • Causing itchy bumps, as an immune system response to the mosquito's saliva. This is the most common reaction. The bumps usually go away after a day or two.
  • Causing allergic reactions, including blisters, large hives, and in rare cases, anaphylaxis. Anaphylaxis is a severe allergic reaction that affects the whole body. It is a medical emergency.
  • Spreading diseases to humans. Some of these diseases can be serious. Many of them do not have any treatments, and only a few have vaccines to prevent them. These diseases are more of a problem in Africa and other tropical areas of the world, but more of them are spreading to the United States. One factor is climate change, which makes the conditions in some parts of the United States more favorable to certain types of mosquitoes. Other reasons include increased trade with, and travel to, tropical and subtropical areas.
Which diseases can mosquitoes spread?

Common diseases spread by mosquitoes include

  • Chikungunya, a viral infection that causes symptoms such as fever and severe joint pain. The symptoms usually last about a week, but for some, the joint pain may last for months. Most cases of chikungunya in the United States are in people who traveled to other countries. There have been a few cases where it has spread in the United States.
  • Dengue, a viral infection that causes a high fever, headaches, joint and muscle pain, vomiting, and a rash. Most people get better within a few weeks. In some cases, it can become very severe, even life-threatening. Dengue is rare in the United States.
  • Malaria, a parasitic disease that causes serious symptoms such as high fevers, shaking chills, and flu-like illness. It can be life-threatening, but there are drugs to treat it. Malaria is a major health problem in many tropical and subtropical areas of the world. Almost all cases of malaria in the United States are in people who traveled to other countries.
  • West Nile Virus (WNV), a viral infection that often has no symptoms. In those that do have symptoms, they are usually mild, and include fever, headache, and nausea. In rare cases, the virus can enter the brain, and it can be life-threatening. WNV has spread across the continental United States.
  • Zika Virus, a viral infection that often does not cause symptoms. One in five infected people do get symptoms, which are usually mild. They include a fever, rash, joint pain, and pinkeye. Besides being spread by mosquitoes, Zika can spread from mother to baby during pregnancy and cause serious birth defects. It can also spread from one partner to another during sex. There have been a few outbreaks of Zika in the southern United States.
How can I prevent mosquito bites?
  • Use an insect repellent when you go outdoors. Choose an Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)-registered insect repellent. They are evaluated to make sure they are safe and effective. Make sure that the repellant has one of these ingredients: DEET, picaridin, IR3535, oil of lemon eucalyptus, or para-menthane-diol. It is important to follow the instructions on the label.
  • Cover up. Wear long sleeves, long pants, and socks when outdoors. Mosquitoes may bite through thin fabric, so spray thin clothes with an EPA-registered repellent like permethrin. Don't apply permethrin directly to skin.
  • Mosquito-proof your home. Install or repair screens on windows and doors to keep mosquitoes out. Use air conditioning if you have it.
  • Get rid of mosquito breeding sites. Regularly empty standing water from your house and yard. The water could be in flowerpots, gutters, buckets, pool covers, pet water dishes, discarded tires, or birdbaths.
  • If you plan to travel, get information about the areas you will be going to. Find out whether there is a risk of diseases from mosquitoes, and if so, whether there is a vaccine or medicine to prevent those diseases. See a health care provider familiar with travel medicine, ideally 4 to 6 weeks before your trip.

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Baclofen Side Effects

Overdose (180)
Coma (125)
Muscle Spasticity (122)
Pain (99)
Confusional State (96)
Muscle Spasms (94)
Convulsion (92)
Completed Suicide (92)
Fatigue (82)
Fall (77)
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Agitation (60)
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Intentional Overdose (51)
Hypotonia (49)
Implant Site Effusion (48)
Gait Disturbance (47)
Malaise (47)
Depressed Level Of Consciousness (46)
Multiple Sclerosis Relapse (45)
Respiratory Arrest (45)
Withdrawal Syndrome (45)
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Hallucination (43)
Tremor (43)
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Disorientation (40)
Muscular Weakness (39)
Toxicity To Various Agents (39)

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Recent Reviews

Alopecia areata

Husbnd is a 15 yr. stroke survivor who had a baclofen pump since about 2001. It was replaced Nov. 2009 and nothing but trouble... passing out, weakness, falling, etc. 4 ER trips and not one dr. ever mentioned b

I had a devastating experience with this drug. I had been using Flexeril for back and neck pain but found it no longer as effective. I asked my doctor if there was something stronger. He prescribed Baclofen. Having not read the label carefully, m

I have experience hads spasm,diziness,headaches,shallow or hard breathing,slepiness,pain in the side (new)

I too had a nasty bite from baclofen.I had a craving for alcohol and was on 10 mg TID.I took 90mg at once. within one hour I feel like i was on shrooms! Very vivid CEVs(closed eyed visuals) and some ope eyed visuals(OEVs).Actually I enjoyed this.But

Just was looking around and saw your post. We experienced a very similar situation with our child. Was the pump just installed?

Male 42 prescribed baclofen 30-60mg daily for the control of cervical dystonia, great for first week then started to get pain and discumfort in my bowels by week two i was being physicaly sick and unable to control the pain , had to stop taking the m

My mom 77 years old suddenly becomes weaksinceshe started taking baclofen..she's having a difficulty in walking and maintaning her balance..that wasnt her condition before..

My son was overdosed on baclofen, they doubled his does and then took him back down to a lower dose all in a day and a half. he started taking 5 breaths a minute, and the doctor said it was not the pump. duh i am no rocket scientest, but it

What are all side effects of baclofen?

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Iama 41year old whitefemale After taking OTC delsym for a cough I developed pain in my back left side and severe fatigue, no energy. Thinking at first the illness just

<span style='color: #808080;'>&iquest;En qu&eacute; est&aacute;s pensando...?I'm a Spanish teenagerpatient of Cystic Fibrosis but I've never been very affected by the illness. In fact, I have quite normal living standards

<span style='color: #808080;'><b>Describe Your Guillain-Barre syndrome from INFLUENZA (SEASONAL) (FLUARIX) 2009 Experience Here: </b> <strong></strong><span style='color: #808080;'>To whom ever it may

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<span style='color: #808080;'><b>Describe Your Injection site swelling from INFLUENZA (H1N1) (H1N1 (MONOVALENT) (UNKNOWN)) 2010 Experience Here: I am 46, Female on discharge from hospital 12.6.10 10pm after treatment for acute diverticuli

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<span style='color: #808080;'><strong>Describe Your Drug exposure during pregnancy from INFLUENZA (SEASONAL) (FLUZONE) 2010 Experience Here:</strong> <span style='color: #000000;'><span style=

INFLUENZA LIKE ILLNESS Clinical Trials and Studies

Treatments might be new drugs or new combinations of drugs, new surgical procedures or devices, or new ways to use existing treatments. The goal of clinical trials is to determine if a new test or treatment works and is safe. Clinical trials can also look at other aspects of care, such as improving the quality of life for people with chronic illnesses. People participate in clinical trials for a variety of reasons. Healthy volunteers say they participate to help others and to contribute to moving science forward. Participants with an illness or disease also participate to help others, but also to possibly receive the newest treatment and to have the additional care and attention from the clinical trial staff.
Rank Status Study
1 Recruiting Safety Study of 3 mg/mL Baclofen Injection (Intrathecal) Using A Programmable Pump
Condition: Severe Spasticity
Intervention: Drug: Gablofen® 3 mg/mL (Baclofen injection)
Outcome Measures: The rate of inflammatory granulomas in patients given 3 mg/mL Gablofen® (Baclofen injection) 3mg/mL by the intrathecal route of administration.;   Overall safety of 3 mg/mL Gablofen® (Baclofen injection) given by the intrathecal route of administration
2 Recruiting Preventing Alcohol Withdrawal With Oral Baclofen
Conditions: Alcoholism;   Alcohol Withdrawal
Intervention: Drug: Baclofen
Outcome Measures: Alcohol withdrawal severity as measured on CIWA-AR (Clinical Institute for Withdrawal Assessment) scale;   Total benzodiazepine dose required
3 Not yet recruiting Oral and IV Baclofen in Adult Volunteers
Condition: Baclofen Withdrawal Syndrome
Interventions: Drug: Oral Baclofen;   Drug: Intervenous Baclofen
Outcome Measures: oral bioavailability;   Area Under the Curve From Time Zero to Extrapolated Infinite Time [AUC (0 - ∞)];   Plasma Decay Half-Life (t1/2);   Maximum concentration (Cmax);   Tmax;   assessment of sedation;   Ataxia;   Nystagmus;   blood pressure
4 Not yet recruiting Dose Escalation Study of Intravenous Baclofen in Healthy Adult Volunteers
Condition: Safety and Pharmacokinetics of Intravenous Baclofen
Intervention: Drug: Intravenous Baclofen
Outcome Measures: Safety assessments;   Maximum Concentration(Cmax);   AUC(0-inf);   Plasma Decay Half-life (T1/2)
5 Not yet recruiting Action of Baclofen Capsules in Spasticity Due to Multiple Sclerosis
Condition: Spasticity
Interventions: Drug: Baclofen dose 1;   Drug: Baclofen dose 2;   Drug: Placebo
Outcome Measures: Primary efficacy outcome: Improvement in Ashworth score;   Spasm frequency;   Nighttime awakening score;   Clinical global impression of change;   Subject's global impression of change
6 Recruiting Baclofen Effects in Cigarette Smokers
Condition: Nicotine Dependence
Interventions: Drug: Baclofen;   Drug: placebo
Outcome Measures: fMRI response in the ventral striatum/medial orbitofrontal cortex during smoking cue exposure;   Urine cotinine;   Cigarettes smoked per day
7 Recruiting Efficacy and Safety of Baclofen ER Capsules (GRS) in Subjects With Spasticity Due to Multiple Sclerosis
Condition: Spasticity
Interventions: Drug: Baclofen ER Capsules;   Drug: Placebo GRS
Outcome Measures: The primary efficacy outcome is the proportion of subjects who become a treatment failure during double-blind randomized withdrawal;   Determining the safety profile when administered over >12 weeks;   Subject Global Impression of Severity (SGIS)assessment
8 Recruiting Efficacy and Safety of High Dose Baclofen for Alcohol Dependence
Condition: Alcoholism
Interventions: Drug: Baclofen;   Drug: Placebo
Outcome Measures: Mean % Heavy Drinking Days;   Mean % Abstinent Drinking Days;   Anxiety level based on Spielberger Scale for State Anxiety
9 Recruiting Baclofen Effects on Marijuana Dependence
Condition: Marijuana Dependence
Interventions: Drug: Baclofen;   Behavioral: Psychosocial;   Drug: Placebo
Outcome Measure: Change in brain and behavioral responses during reward and inhibitory tasks at fMRI 1, fMRI 2, and fMRI 3; A composite measure
10 Recruiting A Clinical Evaluation Of The Safety Of Baclofen Er Capsules (Grs) When Administered Once Daily To Subjects With Spasticity Due To Multiple Sclerosis (Ms): An Open Label, Long Term, Safety Trial
Condition: Spasticity
Intervention: Drug: Baclofen
Outcome Measures: No. of participants with adverse events;   No. of participants with adverse vital signs;   Number of participants with adverse laboratory parameters
11 Not yet recruiting Preventing Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome With Oral Baclofen
Condition: Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome
Interventions: Drug: Baclofen;   Drug: Placebo
Outcome Measures: Prevention of Progression to Severe Alcohol withdrawal;   Reduced Severity of alcohol withdrawal (measured be SEWS score);   Reduced benzodiazepine administration in treatment group
12 Unknown  Baclofen as Add-On to Standard Treatment of Alcohol- Dependent Patients
Condition: Alcohol Dependence
Intervention: Drug: Baclofen (as add-on to standard treatment of alcohol dependence)
Outcome Measures: clinical efficacy and safe side-effect profile of Baclofen in patients suffering from alcohol dependence;   an improvement of the quality of life and associated psychosocial variables such as self-perceptions
13 Not yet recruiting A Study of Baclofen ER
Condition: Cocaine Dependence
Interventions: Drug: Baclofen ER;   Drug: Placebo
Outcome Measure: Urines positive for benzoylecgonine (BE), (a metabolite of cocaine)
14 Unknown  Placebo Controlled Study of Baclofen for GERD in Children With Cerebral Palsy
Conditions: Cerebral Palsy;   GERD
Interventions: Drug: Baclofen;   Drug: placebo
Outcome Measures: Symptom control;   GERD control;   side effects of Baclofen
15 Recruiting A Study to Examine the, Safety, Tolerability and Pharmacokinetics Co-Administered Baclofen and Memantine in Obese and Lean, Otherwise Healthy Adults
Conditions: Healthy Volunteers;;   Obese, Otherwise Healthy Volunteers
Interventions: Drug: Baclofen;   Drug: Memantine;   Drug: Placebo
Outcome Measures: Safety and tolerability of co-administered Baclofen and memantine via C-SSRS;   Safety and tolerability of co-administered Baclofen and memantine via Adverse Events;   Safety and tolerability of co-administered Baclofen and memantine via Vital Signs;   Safety and tolerability of co-administered Baclofen and memantine via ECG;   Safety and tolerability of co-administered Baclofen and memantine via Clinical Laboratory Tests;   Pharmacokinetic parameters of co-administered Baclofen and memantine via Cmax;   Pharmacokinetic parameters of co-administered Baclofen and memantine via Tmax;   Pharmacokinetic parameters of co-administered Baclofen and memantine via AUC;   Pharmacokinetic parameters of co-administered Baclofen and memantine via MRT;   Pharmacokinetic parameters of co-administered Baclofen and memantine via CL/F;   Pharmacokinetic parameters of co-administered Baclofen and memantine via T1/2;   Pharmacokinetic parameters of co-administered Baclofen and memantine via CLR
16 Recruiting Baclofen in the Treatment of Alcoholic Liver Disease
Condition: Alcoholic Liver Disease
Interventions: Drug: Baclofen 30mg/day;   Drug: Baclofen 75mg/day;   Drug: Placebo
Outcome Measures: alcohol consumption;   clinical markers of liver injury;   incidence of hepatic side effects;   craving for alcohol;   early termination due to side effects
17 Recruiting Baclofen for Treating Anxiety and Alcoholism
Conditions: Alcoholism;   Alcohol Dependence;   Alcohol Drinking Related Problems;   Alcohol Drinking;   Anxiety Disorder
Intervention: Drug: Baclofen
Outcome Measures: Alcohol drinking during the Alcohol Self-Administration, expressed as Standard Drinking Units (SDUs) will be measured as the primary outcome during the CR/ASA session.;   Secondary objectives include Baclofen s effects on alcohol cue-induced responses (urge to drink, attention to cues, blood pressure, heart rate, saliva), on the subjective effects of alcohol and on anxiety levels.
18 Unknown  Open Label Treatment of Severe Tactile Defensiveness With Intrathecal Baclofen
Conditions: Tactile Defensiveness;   Autism Spectrum Disorder
Intervention: Drug: Baclofen, intrathecal
Outcome Measures: Modified Short Sensory Profile.;   Clinical Global Impression of Change in Autism Symptoms
19 Unknown  Does Oral Baclofen Improve Care and Comfort in Spastic Children in Nursing Homes?
Condition: Cerebral Palsy
Interventions: Drug: oral Baclofen + placebo;   Drug: placebo + oral Baclofen
Outcome Measure: care and comport questionnaires
20 Recruiting GABA-B Receptor Function in Healthy Volunteers
Conditions: No Condition;   Brain GABA-B Function
Interventions: Drug: Baclofen 10mg;   Drug: Baclofen 60mg;   Drug: placebo
Outcome Measure: EEG spectral power in theta band