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INFLUENZA LIKE ILLNESS and FOSAMAX

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INFLUENZA LIKE ILLNESS Symptoms and Causes

Mosquitoes are insects that live all over the world. There are thousands of different species of mosquitoes; about 200 of those live in the United States.

Female mosquitoes bite animals and humans and drink a very small amount of their blood. They need protein and iron from blood to produce eggs. After drinking blood, they find some standing water and lay their eggs in it. The eggs hatch into larvae, then pupae, and then they become adult mosquitos. The males live for about a week to ten days, and the females can live up to several weeks. Some female mosquitoes can hibernate in the winter, and they can live for months.

What health problems can mosquito bites cause?

Most mosquito bites are harmless, but there are times when they can be dangerous. The ways that mosquito bites can affect humans include

  • Causing itchy bumps, as an immune system response to the mosquito's saliva. This is the most common reaction. The bumps usually go away after a day or two.
  • Causing allergic reactions, including blisters, large hives, and in rare cases, anaphylaxis. Anaphylaxis is a severe allergic reaction that affects the whole body. It is a medical emergency.
  • Spreading diseases to humans. Some of these diseases can be serious. Many of them do not have any treatments, and only a few have vaccines to prevent them. These diseases are more of a problem in Africa and other tropical areas of the world, but more of them are spreading to the United States. One factor is climate change, which makes the conditions in some parts of the United States more favorable to certain types of mosquitoes. Other reasons include increased trade with, and travel to, tropical and subtropical areas.
Which diseases can mosquitoes spread?

Common diseases spread by mosquitoes include

  • Chikungunya, a viral infection that causes symptoms such as fever and severe joint pain. The symptoms usually last about a week, but for some, the joint pain may last for months. Most cases of chikungunya in the United States are in people who traveled to other countries. There have been a few cases where it has spread in the United States.
  • Dengue, a viral infection that causes a high fever, headaches, joint and muscle pain, vomiting, and a rash. Most people get better within a few weeks. In some cases, it can become very severe, even life-threatening. Dengue is rare in the United States.
  • Malaria, a parasitic disease that causes serious symptoms such as high fevers, shaking chills, and flu-like illness. It can be life-threatening, but there are drugs to treat it. Malaria is a major health problem in many tropical and subtropical areas of the world. Almost all cases of malaria in the United States are in people who traveled to other countries.
  • West Nile Virus (WNV), a viral infection that often has no symptoms. In those that do have symptoms, they are usually mild, and include fever, headache, and nausea. In rare cases, the virus can enter the brain, and it can be life-threatening. WNV has spread across the continental United States.
  • Zika Virus, a viral infection that often does not cause symptoms. One in five infected people do get symptoms, which are usually mild. They include a fever, rash, joint pain, and pinkeye. Besides being spread by mosquitoes, Zika can spread from mother to baby during pregnancy and cause serious birth defects. It can also spread from one partner to another during sex. There have been a few outbreaks of Zika in the southern United States.
How can I prevent mosquito bites?
  • Use an insect repellent when you go outdoors. Choose an Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)-registered insect repellent. They are evaluated to make sure they are safe and effective. Make sure that the repellant has one of these ingredients: DEET, picaridin, IR3535, oil of lemon eucalyptus, or para-menthane-diol. It is important to follow the instructions on the label.
  • Cover up. Wear long sleeves, long pants, and socks when outdoors. Mosquitoes may bite through thin fabric, so spray thin clothes with an EPA-registered repellent like permethrin. Don't apply permethrin directly to skin.
  • Mosquito-proof your home. Install or repair screens on windows and doors to keep mosquitoes out. Use air conditioning if you have it.
  • Get rid of mosquito breeding sites. Regularly empty standing water from your house and yard. The water could be in flowerpots, gutters, buckets, pool covers, pet water dishes, discarded tires, or birdbaths.
  • If you plan to travel, get information about the areas you will be going to. Find out whether there is a risk of diseases from mosquitoes, and if so, whether there is a vaccine or medicine to prevent those diseases. See a health care provider familiar with travel medicine, ideally 4 to 6 weeks before your trip.

Check out the latest treatments for INFLUENZA LIKE ILLNESS

INFLUENZA LIKE ILLNESS treatment research studies

FOSAMAX clinical trials, surveys and public health registries


Find Drug Side Effect reports



FOSAMAX Side Effects

Femur Fracture (5674)
Anxiety (3177)
Osteonecrosis (2820)
Fall (2638)
Depression (2384)
Arthralgia (1887)
Dental Caries (1636)
Arthropathy (1621)
Back Pain (1566)
Low Turnover Osteopathy (1355)
Anaemia (1283)
Osteomyelitis (1270)
Hypertension (1242)
Blood Cholesterol Increased (1236)
Impaired Healing (1123)
Abscess (1121)
Adverse Event (1103)
Bone Density Decreased (1051)
Bone Disorder (1050)
Chest Pain (1022)
Bronchitis (915)
Tooth Disorder (890)
Arthritis (849)
Gastrooesophageal Reflux Disease (838)
Intramedullary Rod Insertion (835)
Osteonecrosis Of Jaw (834)
Cataract (805)
Osteoarthritis (784)
Osteoporosis (749)
Pain In Extremity (719)
Stress Fracture (715)
Jaw Disorder (708)
Asthma (706)
Cellulitis (697)
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (679)
Abdominal Pain (632)
Diarrhoea (584)
Asthenia (582)
Constipation (557)
Bursitis (552)
Atrial Fibrillation (550)
Pain (544)
Exostosis (531)
Fatigue (522)
Oral Infection (505)
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (503)
Dizziness (502)
Foot Fracture (501)
Hip Fracture (497)
Headache (477)

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Common Meds

Abilify (10132)
Adderall (1304)
Amlodipine (6664)
Amoxicillin (4387)
Benadryl (1568)
Celebrex (12876 )
Celexa (1342)
Cialis (2975)
Cipro (8580)
Citalopram (7792)
Crestor (18839)
Cymbalta (14373)
Doxycycline (1757)
Effexor (7289)
Flexeril (435)
Flomax (2177)
Fluoxetine (4261)
Gabapentin (4593)
Hydrocodone (2469)
Ibuprofen (8222)
Lantus (10968)
Lexapro (3499)
Lipitor (17769)
Lisinopril (8919)
Lyrica (27148)
Medrol (650)
Mirena (41254)
Mobic (957)
Morphine (5356)
Naproxen (538)
Neurontin (6501)
Oxycodone (4438)
Pradaxa (13372)
Prednisone (5926)
Prilosec (2631)
Prozac (1954)
Seroquel (27216)
Simvastatin (8348)
Synthroid (4452)
Tamiflu (5585)
Topamax (3748)
Tramadol (5054)
Trazodone (1458)
Viagra (5394)
Vicodin (1153)
Wellbutrin (6324)
Xanax (2847)
Zocor (5718)
Zoloft(6792)
Zyrtec(1669)

Recent Reviews

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Can Fosamax cause a drop in blood pressure? Can it worsen pre-existing anaemia. I've taken 4 weekly 70mg tablets and am feeling dizzy and week with loss of sensation in my fingers and joint pains. As I have suffered a year ago from kidney failure

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Does fosamax affect on teeth cause a major concern. I need it for my bones,but want to keep my teeth!

I feel swollen and feel fatter since starting Fosamax.Weight gain is maybe three lbs but eyes are puffy and face seems swollen. I plan to see my doctor this week. I don't want my osteoporosist to get worse so will most likely stay on it but a diureti

I have been using fosamax for years for osteopenia. I have good teeth with1 root canal. I am wooried about it affecting my teeth. Is taking it a major risk for teeth? Is there a better way to prevent bone loss? I am 64, good health and use weight tra

I have had gastric bypas and would like to know if I can take Fosamax.

I started generic fosamax 10 days ago . After my first dose( sunday)I was fine, but the day after (Monday) in the afternoon I experienced crushing pain in my upper spine that radiated to the front. I had severe difficulty rising f

I took Actonel for 2 months and the psorasis in my scalp got out of control. My Doctor could find no connection. I have been on Fosamax for one month now and the same thing is happening. Have there been other reports of this side effect?

I've heard that it's worse for the bones in the head (teeth, jaw bones, etc.) than anywhere in the body). I'm sure there are exceptions and people who get along fine, but there are WAY too many cases to chance it!

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INFLUENZA LIKE ILLNESS Clinical Trials and Studies

Treatments might be new drugs or new combinations of drugs, new surgical procedures or devices, or new ways to use existing treatments. The goal of clinical trials is to determine if a new test or treatment works and is safe. Clinical trials can also look at other aspects of care, such as improving the quality of life for people with chronic illnesses. People participate in clinical trials for a variety of reasons. Healthy volunteers say they participate to help others and to contribute to moving science forward. Participants with an illness or disease also participate to help others, but also to possibly receive the newest treatment and to have the additional care and attention from the clinical trial staff.
Rank Status Study
1 Not yet recruiting The Effect of Alendronate on the Immune Response to Hepatitis B Vaccine in Healthy Adults
Condition: Healthy Volunteers
Interventions: Drug: Alendronate;   Drug: Hepatitis B Vaccine;   Drug: Placebo
Outcome Measures: Safety/Adverse events;   Efficacy
2 Recruiting Testosterone and Alendronate in Hypogonadal Men
Conditions: Hypogonadism;   Osteopenia;   Osteoporosis
Interventions: Drug: Testosterone;   Drug: Alendronate;   Drug: Placebo Alendronate;   Drug: Placebo Testosterone
Outcome Measure: Spine Bone Mineral Density by DXA
3 Unknown  Alendronate for Vascular Calcification in Peritoneal Dialysis Patients?
Condition: Peritoneal Dialysis
Intervention: Drug: alendronate (Fosamax)
Outcome Measures: 1.Changes of calcification score of coronary arteries and aorta;   2.Changes of bone density;   changes of parathyroid hormone;   changes of serum calcium and phosphate level;   changes of C reactive protein;   changes of lipid profile;   adverse reactions
4 Unknown  Fosamax for Childhood Cancer Survivors
Condition: Osteoporosis
Interventions: Drug: Alendronate;   Drug: Placebo
Outcome Measures: The percent change in bone mineral density (BMD) at lumbar spine at 36-weeks in subjects who receive active and control treatments;   Changes in BMD at femoral neck;   Changes in biochemical markers of bone turnover;   Occurrence of clinical bone-related symptoms at 12-weeks and end of this study
5 Not yet recruiting RA Denosumab on Bone Microstructure Study
Condition: Rheumatoid Arthritis
Interventions: Drug: Denosumab;   Drug: Alendronate
Outcome Measures: Changes from baseline in bone volumetric density at distal radius at 6th month;   Changes from baseline in trabecular bone microarchitecture at distal radius at 6th month;   Changes from baseline in bone volumetric density at the 2nd metacarpal bone at 6th month;   Changes from baseline in trabecular bone microarchitecture at 2nd metacarpal bone at 6th month;   Changes from baseline in areal bone density at total hip at 6th month;   Changes from baseline in areal bone density at lumbar spine at 6th month;   Changes in areal bone density at distal radius at 6th month;   Changes from baseline in bone volumetric density at distal radius at 3rd month;   Changes from baseline in trabecular bone microarchitecture at distal radius at 3rd month;   Changes from baseline in bone volumetric density at the 2nd metacarpal bone at 3rd month;   Changes from baseline in trabecular bone microarchitecture at 2nd metacarpal bone at 3rd month;   Changes from baseline in areal bone density at total hip at 3rd month;   Changes from baseline in areal bone density at lumbar spine at 3rd month;   Changes in areal bone density at distal radius at 3rd month
6 Recruiting Study to Determine the Efficacy and Safety of Romosozumab in the Treatment of Postmenopausal Women With Osteoporosis
Condition: Postmenopausal Women With Osteoporosis
Interventions: Drug: Romosozumab;   Drug: Alendronate
Outcome Measures: Incidence of clinical fracture;   Incidence of new vertebral fracture;   Incidence of fracture;   Percent changes in DXA Bone Mineral Density from baseline to 12 months;   Percent changes in DXA Bone Mineral Density from baseline to 24 months;   Percent changes in DXA Bone Mineral Density from baseline to 36 months
7 Not yet recruiting Bone Antiresorptive Therapy With Antiretroviral Initiation (BATARI) Pilot Trial
Condition: HIV
Intervention: Drug: alendronate/vitamin D
Outcome Measures: Percentage changes in BMD at a) the lumbar spine and b) proximal femur;   Feasibility;   Acceptability;   Safety/Tolerability;   Adherence;   Bone Biomarkers
8 Not yet recruiting Study Investigating the Effect of Drugs Used to Treat Osteoporosis on the Progression of Calcific Aortic Stenosis.
Condition: Calcific Aortic Stenosis
Interventions: Drug: Denosumab;   Drug: Alendronic Acid;   Drug: Denosumab Placebo;   Drug: Alendronic Acid Placebo
Outcome Measures: Change in aortic valve calcium score;   Change in aortic valve 18F-NaF uptake;   Change in aortic-jet velocity;   Change in thoracic aortic and coronary artery calcium score;   Change in thoracic spine bone mineral density;   Change in quality of life determined by Short Form 36 Questionnaire
9 Recruiting Comparison of the Effect of an Ongoing Treatment With Alendronate or a Drug Holiday on the Fracture Risk in Osteoporotic Patients With Bisphosphonate Long Term Therapy
Condition: Osteoporosis
Interventions: Drug: Alendronate;   Drug: Placebo
Outcome Measures: Incidence of new osteoporotic fractures;   Equivalence of deaths with and without continued bisphosphonate therapy;   Incidence of the combination of fractures and deaths
10 Recruiting Bone Healing After Dental Extraction in Postmenopausal Osteoporotic Women Treated With Alendronate Per os Weekly
Condition: Alveolar Bone Healing After Dental Extraction
Intervention: Procedure: Dental extraction
Outcome Measures: Alveolar socket filled by new bone;   Mucosal injury
11 Unknown  The Study of the Early Administration of Alendronate on Prevention of Bone Loss After Hip Fracture.
Condition: Osteoporosis
Intervention: Drug: Alendronate
Outcome Measure:
12 Unknown  Osteoporosis and Dental Implant
Condition: Osteoporosis
Interventions: Drug: alendronate once weekly 70mg;   Drug: placebo
Outcome Measure: Dental CT
13 Unknown  Randomized Study of Alendronate in Adult Patients With Cystic Fibrosis Related Osteoporosis
Conditions: Osteoporosis;   Cystic Fibrosis
Interventions: Drug: alendronate sodium;   Drug: calcium carbonate;   Drug: cholecalciferol
Outcome Measure:
14 Unknown  Phase II Randomized Study of Alendronate Sodium for Osteopenia in Patients With Gaucher's Disease
Conditions: Gaucher's Disease;   Osteopenia
Interventions: Drug: alendronate sodium;   Drug: calcium carbonate;   Drug: cholecalciferol
Outcome Measure:
15 Unknown  Pharmacokinetics of Maxmarvil® in Healthy Postmenopausal Women
Condition: Osteoporosis
Intervention: Drug: Maxmarvil®
Outcome Measure: analysis of Alendronate concentrate
16 Recruiting Stem Cell Recruitment in Osteoporosis Therapy
Condition: Low Bone Density
Interventions: Drug: Teriparatide;   Drug: Alendronate;   Dietary Supplement: calcium and vitamin D
Outcome Measures: Number of Stro-1+ MSCs at bone resorption sites in bone biopsies of subjects treated with PTH or ALN.;   Number of p-Smad 2/3+ cells/mm2 at active resorption sites on bone biopsy specimens of subjects treated with PTH or ALN.;   The percent increase in Stro-1+/CD146+ cells in the blood before and after treatment with PTH or ALN.;   Number of human Stro-1+ MSCs at bone resorption sites in bone of Rag2-/- mice reconstituted with human bone marrow derived from subjects treated with PTH or ALN.
17 Recruiting Twenty Four Month Extension Study of BA058-05-003
Condition: Postmenopausal Osteoporosis
Intervention: Drug: Alendronate
Outcome Measures: Safety;   Vertebral Fracture Incidence;   Non-vertebral Fracture Incidence
18 Recruiting Bisphosphonate Biomarker Study
Conditions: Osteoporosis, With or Without Treatment;   Bisphosphonate Treatment;   Atypical Femur Fracture;   Bisphosphonate Related Osteonecrosis of the Jaws (BRONJ);   Healthy Volunteers
Intervention:
Outcome Measures: Absorption, Distribution, Metabolism, Excretion (ADME) Profiling of DNA from all sample types vs. normative data for the ADME panel and across study groups;   Differential expression of miRNA biomarkers across participant groups within the study
19 Recruiting Effectiveness of DiscontinuinG bisphosphonatEs Study: R21 Pilot Study
Condition: Osteoporosis
Intervention: Drug: Alendronate
Outcome Measures: Clinical site recruitment rate;   Participant recruitment rate;   Contracting and procedures;   Administrative procedures;   Osteonecrosis of the jaw;   Atypical femoral fracture;   Clinical fracture rate
20 Recruiting Acute Effect of Teriparatide With Bisphosphonate or Denosumab on Bone Resorption
Condition: Postmenopausal Osteoporosis
Intervention: Drug: Teriparatide 40-mcg subcutaneous injection
Outcome Measure: Bone turnover marker (blood sample)