PNEUMONIA Symptoms and Causes

Pneumonia is an infection in one or both of the lungs. Many germs, such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi, can cause Pneumonia. You can also get Pneumonia by inhaling a liquid or chemical. People most at risk are older than 65 or younger than 2 years of age, or already have health problems.

Symptoms of Pneumonia vary from mild to severe. See your doctor promptly if you

  • Have a high fever
  • Have shaking chills
  • Have a cough with phlegm that doesn't improve or gets worse
  • Develop shortness of breath with normal daily activities
  • Have chest pain when you breathe or cough
  • Feel suddenly worse after a cold or the flu

Your doctor will use your medical history, a physical exam, and lab tests to diagnose Pneumonia. Treatment depends on what kind you have. If bacteria are the cause, antibiotics should help. If you have viral Pneumonia, your doctor may prescribe an antiviral medicine to treat it.

Preventing Pneumonia is always better than treating it. Vaccines are available to prevent pneumococcal Pneumonia and the flu. Other preventive measures include washing your hands frequently and not smoking.

NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Check out the latest treatments for PNEUMONIA

PNEUMONIA treatment research studies

Ritalin clinical trials, surveys and public health registries

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Ritalin Side Effects

Depression (131)
Aggression (111)
Agitation (101)
Headache (94)
Anxiety (88)
Abnormal Behaviour (80)
Disturbance In Attention (79)
Feeling Abnormal (77)
Nausea (76)
Insomnia (66)
Decreased Appetite (60)
Dizziness (56)
Suicidal Ideation (53)
Dyspnoea (51)
Hyperhidrosis (50)
Fatigue (48)
Tremor (47)
Hallucination (46)
Irritability (46)
Weight Decreased (46)
Somnolence (46)
Hypertension (45)
Confusional State (45)
Vomiting (44)
Tachycardia (44)
Malaise (43)
Suicide Attempt (41)
Nervousness (40)
Convulsion (39)
Hallucination, Auditory (39)
Attention Deficit/hyperactivity Disorder (38)
Bipolar Disorder (38)
Crying (37)
Heart Rate Increased (36)
Depressed Mood (36)
Memory Impairment (33)
Chest Pain (33)
Psychomotor Hyperactivity (33)
Pyrexia (33)
Fall (32)
Blood Pressure Increased (32)
Anorexia (32)
Loss Of Consciousness (31)
Psychotic Disorder (31)
Weight Increased (31)
Palpitations (30)
Abdominal Pain Upper (30)
Asthenia (29)
Blood Creatine Phosphokinase Increased (25)
Apathy (25)

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Common Meds

Abilify (10132)
Adderall (1304)
Amlodipine (6664)
Amoxicillin (4387)
Benadryl (1568)
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Cialis (2975)
Cipro (8580)
Citalopram (7792)
Crestor (18839)
Cymbalta (14373)
Doxycycline (1757)
Effexor (7289)
Flexeril (435)
Flomax (2177)
Fluoxetine (4261)
Gabapentin (4593)
Hydrocodone (2469)
Ibuprofen (8222)
Lantus (10968)
Lexapro (3499)
Lipitor (17769)
Lisinopril (8919)
Lyrica (27148)
Medrol (650)
Mirena (41254)
Mobic (957)
Morphine (5356)
Naproxen (538)
Neurontin (6501)
Oxycodone (4438)
Pradaxa (13372)
Prednisone (5926)
Prilosec (2631)
Prozac (1954)
Seroquel (27216)
Simvastatin (8348)
Synthroid (4452)
Tamiflu (5585)
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Tramadol (5054)
Trazodone (1458)
Viagra (5394)
Vicodin (1153)
Wellbutrin (6324)
Xanax (2847)
Zocor (5718)
Zoloft(6792)
Zyrtec(1669)

Recent Reviews

Hello my cat has a gurgling going on in his chest?

Hi i have been feeling rough for about 12 weeks now, i keep bringing up this clear mucus, sometimes this is white, i am coughing and my chest hurst a bit, i always feel tired and it is getting me down now, doctors have said it is a viral infection, i

I had a ct scan that showed I have an pneumonia I did X-ray and it was negative no pneumonia

I have a sitter that has been watching my 7 month old, she came down with phemonia so I kept him away from her for about 3 weeks. Was that long enough. I noticed today after she had had him for two days she still had a croupy cough. What should i do?

I have had this cough for 3 days starting to go away now fever is gone still have the chiils been taking tetrocycolin and my upper body achs from coughing so hard the only type of mucus i am producing is brown and sometimes green mostly clear though

I recieved a tetnaus shot. The nurse just punched it in my arm like I was a dart board! It was painful. 2 days later, the site swelled to three times its size and felt hot to the touch. It is really red and sore. Went back to Doc. Cellulitis caused m

I was told I had pnemonia and I have been on antibiotice for 6 days and ive lost ten pounds is that normal

My mom just came out of the hospital with pneumonia and copd. at home she doesnt want to eat is very tired no energy and everything she eats has no taste and she throws the food out of her mouth what does it mean

My mother has vascular dementia she has just come out of hospital after suffering pneumonia doctors says she is at the last stages of dementia so we brought her home to die but since she has been home she has not stoped eating and she is swallowing f

Ok. I got sick after smoking with a few differnt people in one day.and walking around all day.bad cough started and feeling bad on inside.went to e.r said I had upper res. Illness.tryed to rest at home but seem like me and daughter both sick now.dry

I am sorry you are in pain. But did you not just say you have Pneumonia!? I think that life threatening infection is worse than the diarrhea dont you?

I just wanted to share that on Sunday night I had a very horrible experience with Delsyn brand cough syrup. I had vivid and terrifying hallucinations after taking it. I am not on other meds except anti-biotics for pneumonia and only t

Background: 55 yr old female, never sick exc for rare cold. No meds (perhaps 10 NSAIDS per year for hormonally related headache). Got the flu before my flu shot kicked in...kids ok, my flu turned to pneumonia. Can't take PCNs. No other allergies or

Extreme muscle pain in legs, shoulders, neck and back. already had fibromyalgia and this was worse than any pain had previous to taking simvastatin. I was on it a yr. I had chonic insomnia, chest pain like pneumonia, so tired couldn't hardly move. co

Had been taking coversyl 10mg for a couple of years Had flu like symptoms for last 3 months with dry cough, then got chest pain/shortness of breath. Hospitalised pneumonia in both lungs, a PE and the pain was from pleurisy. Stopped coversyl after see

Hi am a nursing student and my pt has pneumonia and pleural effusion and empyema withlarge abcessand the hostpital is giving him perfalgan is that wrong?

I am a 95yr old male with Age related macular degeneration,the worst diagnosis,sight is extremely limited,hard of hearing,and prone to frequent bouts of recurring pneumonia,in the winter,and usually have ended up in hospital.Other than that I have s

I am a pediatric RN. My son was put on Omnicef after being given Rocephin (1.5gm) for pneumonia. He has been on it before for other things, and each time we've had the same two problems. Extreme sleepiness, and severe aggitation. Yelling, r

I am currently taking Azithromycin - 5 day dose.. started Friday, 8/20 for pneumonia, Sunday shortly after dinner the diarrhea started - HOLY COW.. talk about immense pain anddiscomfort!! Thesame happened Monday night after dinner

I had a ct scan that showed I have an pneumonia I did X-ray and it was negative no pneumonia

PNEUMONIA Clinical Trials and Studies

Treatments might be new drugs or new combinations of drugs, new surgical procedures or devices, or new ways to use existing treatments. The goal of clinical trials is to determine if a new test or treatment works and is safe. Clinical trials can also look at other aspects of care, such as improving the quality of life for people with chronic illnesses. People participate in clinical trials for a variety of reasons. Healthy volunteers say they participate to help others and to contribute to moving science forward. Participants with an illness or disease also participate to help others, but also to possibly receive the newest treatment and to have the additional care and attention from the clinical trial staff.
RankStatusStudy
1 Recruiting A Study Comparing Long-acting Methylphenidate (ConcertaTM) vs. Placebo in the Treatment of Memory Loss Due to HIV
Condition: HIV Dementia
Interventions: Drug: Long acting methylphenidate;   Drug: Matched placebo
Outcome Measures: Change in rate of reaction time as measured by neuropsychological testing;   Number of Subjects with Adverse Events as Measures of Safety and Tolerability of Concerta in HIV infected adults
2 Recruiting Effects of Methylphenidate (Ritalin®) on the Neural Basis of Anxiety
Condition: PTSD
Interventions: Drug: Methylphenidate;   Drug: Placebo
Outcome Measures: Changes in blood oxygenation level-dependent BOLD signal responses;   Changes in BOLD signal responses;   Changes in skin conductance response;   Latency and accuracy during a interoceptive stimulus task
3 Not yet recruiting The Effect of Ritalin (Methylphenidate Hydrochloride) on Pain and Auditory Sensitivity: an Exploratory Double-blind Randomized Controlled Trial on Healthy Subjects
Condition: Pharmacological Action (PA)
Interventions: Drug: methylphenidate hydrochloride;   Drug: Sugar pill (placebo)
Outcome Measures: Experimental pain intensity measured on a visual analogue scale (0-100);   effect of Ritalin on auditory sensitivity, measured by the response to different auditory stimulations;   pain intensity (NPS 0-100) in response to thermal stimuli and the measures of the auditory tests.
4 Not yet recruiting Identifying Characteristic Signature of Attention Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Ritalin Treatment
Condition: "Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder"
Interventions: Drug: Ritalin;   Drug: Placebo
Outcome Measure: Resting oscillation activity and Event-related-Potentials in Attention Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and healthy subjects.
5 Not yet recruiting Dopamine Receptor Imaging to Predict Response to Stimulant Therapy in Chronic TBI
Condition: Traumatic Brain Injury
Interventions: Drug: methylphenidate;   Drug: Placebo
Outcome Measures: Relationship between tonic dopamine release (measured by displacement of [11C]-raclopride by oral methylphenidate) and change in processing speed between baseline and after methylphenidate treatment.;   Relationship between D2/D3 receptor availability in ventral striatum and prefrontal cortex and neuropsychologic deficits.;   Relationship between tonic dopamine release in the ventral striatum and prefrontal cortex with neuropsychologic deficits after TBI.;   Relationship between D2/D3 receptor availability and functional connectivity of the prefrontal cortex with nodes of the default mode network.;   Relationship between TMS-induced short-interval cortical inhibition of M1 and tonic dopamine release.;   Test motivation and reward on and off methylphenidate in TBI patients.
6 Unknown Amantadine Versus Ritalin in the Treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
Condition: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Interventions: Drug: Amantadine;   Drug: Ritalin
Outcome Measure: The mean decrease in ADHD -RS-IV score from baseline will be used as the main outcome measure of response of ADHD treatment.
7 Recruiting Methylphenidate to Improve Balance and Walking in MS
Condition: Multiple Sclerosis
Interventions: Drug: Methylphenidate (Ritalin);   Drug: Placebo
Outcome Measures: Timed Up and Go time (TUG time);   Automatic Postural Response (APR) Latency (in sec);   Timed 25 Foot Walk (T25FW in secs);   Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Assessment Questionnaire score;   Modified Fatigue Index Scale score;   Vestibular-Ocular Reflex time (in secs)
8 Unknown Study of Methylphenidate as Add on Therapy in Depressed Cancer Patients
Condition: Depression
Interventions: Drug: Methylphenidate;   Drug: Placebo
Outcome Measures: depressive symptoms;   Distress level
9 Recruiting Effects of Methylphenidate, Modafinil, and MDMA on Emotion-processing in Humans: A Pharmaco-fMRI Study
Conditions: Healthy;   Substance-related Disorder;   Mood Disorder
Interventions: Drug: Methylphenidate;   Drug: Modafinil;   Drug: MDMA;   Drug: Placebo
Outcome Measures: Effect on amygdala and striatum BOLD signal responses to emotional stimuli;   Effects on cognitive performance and associated BOLD signal changes in frontal areas;   Subjective effects;   Neuroendocrine effects;   Empathy and social behavior;   Physiological effects of methylphenidate, modafinil, and MDMA;   Genetic Polymorphisms;   Pharmacokinetics of methylphenidate, modafinil, and MDMA
10 Recruiting Methylphenidate vs. Risperidone for the Treatment of Children and Adolescents With ADHD and Disruptive Disorders
Conditions: Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder;   Oppositional Defiant Disorder;   Conduct Disorder
Interventions: Drug: Methylphenidate;   Drug: Risperidone
Outcome Measures: Change from baseline of aggressive behaviors.;   Clinical Global Impression - Improvement scale (CGI-I) questionnaire;   ADHD-RS questionnaire;   Children's Depression Rating Scale (CDRS) questionnaire;   Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS) questionnaire;   Children Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ);   Clinical Global Impression - Severity (CGI-S) questionnaire
11 Recruiting The Effect of Methylphenidate Treatment in Familial Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
Conditions: Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Combined Type;   ADHD Predominantly Inattentive Type;   ADHD Predominantly Hyperactivity Type;   ADHD-not Other Specified
Intervention: Drug: Methylphenidate- Ritalin IR (Immediate Release)
Outcome Measures: Clinical Global Impression-Improvement scale;   overall ADHD-Rating Scale (ADHD-RS) score
12 Recruiting Methylphenidate as Treatment Option of Fatigue in Multiple Sclerosis
Conditions: Multiple Sclerosis;   Fatigue
Interventions: Drug: Methylphenidate modified release;   Drug: Maltodextrin
Outcome Measures: Change of Fatigue as measured by Fatigue Severity Scale;   Change of Fatigue as measured by Modified Fatigue Impact Scale (MFIS)
13 Not yet recruiting Methylphenidate on Intracortical Inhibition in Methamphetamine Abusers Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
Condition: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Intervention: Other: methylphenidate tablets and Inter-stimulus Intervals (ISI)
Outcome Measures: Conners ADHD Rating Scale;   Change of Motor Evoked Potential (MEP)
14 Recruiting Control of Cognition
Conditions: Healthy;   Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder;   Alcohol Dependence;   Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Alcohol Dependence
Interventions: Drug: Methylphendiate;   Drug: Naltrexone;   Drug: Placebo
Outcome Measures: Identify abnormalities in prefrontal control neural circuits underlying attention control, motor control, and appetitive control;   Characterize effects of methylphenidate and naltrexone on neural circuits in prefrontal cortex associated with attention control, motor control, and appetitive control;   Reaction time on the Multi-Source Interference Task;   Accuracy on the Multi-Source Interference Task;   Reaction time variability on the Multi-Source Interference Task
15 Recruiting Multimodal Therapy for Treatment of Fatigue
Condition: Prostate Cancer
Interventions: Other: Placebo;   Drug: Methylphenidate;   Behavioral: Counseling Sessions;   Other: Sham Exercise;   Other: Standardized Exercise Intervention Program;   Other: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
Outcome Measure: Change in Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy - Fatigue (FACIT-F) subscale scores
16 Recruiting Methylphenidate for Attention Problems After Pediatric TBI
Conditions: Traumatic Brain Injury;   TBI;   ADHD
Interventions: Drug: Methylphenidate;   Drug: Placebo
Outcome Measures: Parent report measures;   Neuropsychological Testing;   Teacher Report Measures
17 Not yet recruiting Reversal of General Anesthesia With Methylphenidate
Conditions: Post Operative Cognitive Dysfunction;   Emergence From Anesthesia
Intervention: Drug: Methylphenidate
Outcome Measures: Number of Participants with Adverse Events as a Measure of Safety and Tolerability;   Time to emergence from general anesthesia
18 Recruiting Impact of CES1 Genotype on Metabolism of Methylphenidate
Conditions: Carboxylesterase 1 (CES1) Genotype;   CES1 Activity
Intervention: Drug: Methylphenidate
Outcome Measures: Plasma concentration of methylphenidate and Ritalinic acid;   Metabolomic Profile
19 Recruiting A Comparison of Methylphenidate and Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for the Treatment of Binge Eating Disorder
Condition: Binge-Eating Disorder
Interventions: Drug: Methylphenidate;   Behavioral: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Outcome Measures: Frequency of binge episodes/days, as assessed by prospective daily binge diary;   Frequency of objective binge episodes and overall illness severity, as assessed by both the Eating Disorder Examination Interview and Questionnaire;   Clinician impression of illness severity and improvement, as assessed by the Clinical Global Impression scale;   Quality of life, as assessed by the Quality of Life Inventory;   Associated features of binge eating as captured by the Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire and Binge Eating Scale;   Body Mass Index
20 Not yet recruiting Methylphenidate ER Liquid Formulation in Adults With ASD and ADHD
Conditions: Attention-deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder;   Autism Spectrum Disorder
Intervention: Drug: Methylphenidate extended-release liquid formulation
Outcome Measure: Adult ADHD Investigator Symptom Report Scale (AISRS)