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SLEEP DISORDER and Ritalin

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SLEEP DISORDER Symptoms and Causes

What is sleep?

Sleep is a complex biological process. While you are sleeping, you are unconscious, but your brain and body functions are still active. They are doing a number of important jobs that help you stay healthy and function at your best. So when you don't get enough quality sleep, it does more than just make you feel tired. It can affect your physical and mental health, thinking, and daily functioning.

What are sleep disorders?

Sleep disorders are conditions that disturb your normal sleep patterns. There are more than 80 different sleep disorders. Some major types include

  • Insomnia - being unable to fall asleep and stay asleep. This is the most common sleep disorder.
  • Sleep apnea - a breathing disorder in which you stop breathing for 10 seconds or more during sleep
  • Restless leg syndrome (RLS) - a tingling or prickly sensation in your legs, along with a powerful urge to move them
  • Hypersomnia - being unable to stay awake during the day. This includes narcolepsy, which causes extreme daytime sleepiness.
  • Circadian rhythm disorders - problems with the sleep-wake cycle. They make you unable to sleep and wake at the right times.
  • Parasomnia - acting in unusual ways while falling asleep, sleeping, or waking from sleep, such as walking, talking, or eating

Some people who feel tired during the day have a true sleep disorder. But for others, the real problem is not allowing enough time for sleep. It's important to get enough sleep every night. The amount of sleep you need depends on several factors, including your age, lifestyle, health, and whether you have been getting enough sleep recently. Most adults need about 7-8 hours each night.

What causes sleep disorders?

There are different causes for different sleep disorders, including

  • Other conditions, such as heart disease, lung disease, nerve disorders, and pain
  • Mental illnesses, including depression and anxiety
  • Medicines
  • Genetics

Sometimes the cause is not known.

There are also some factors that can contribute to sleep problems, including

  • Caffeine and alcohol
  • An irregular schedule, such as working the night shift
  • Aging. As people age, they often get less sleep or spend less time in the deep, restful stage of sleep. They are also more easily awakened.
What are the symptoms of sleep disorders?

The symptoms of sleep disorders depend on the specific disorder. Some signs that you may have a sleep disorder include that

  • You regularly take more than 30 minutes each night to fall asleep
  • You regularly wake up several times each night and then have trouble falling back to sleep, or you wake up too early in the morning
  • You often feel sleepy during the day, take frequent naps, or fall asleep at the wrong times during the day
  • Your bed partner says that when you sleep, you snore loudly, snort, gasp, make choking sounds, or stop breathing for short periods
  • You have creeping, tingling, or crawling feelings in your legs or arms that are relieved by moving or massaging them, especially in the evening and when trying to fall asleep
  • Your bed partner notices that your legs or arms jerk often during sleep
  • You have vivid, dreamlike experiences while falling asleep or dozing
  • You have episodes of sudden muscle weakness when you are angry or fearful, or when you laugh
  • You feel as though you cannot move when you first wake up
How are sleep disorders diagnosed?

To make a diagnosis, your health care provider will use your medical history, your sleep history, and a physical exam. You may also have a sleep study (polysomnogram). The most common types of sleep studies monitor and record data about your body during a full night of sleep. The data includes

  • Brain wave changes
  • Eye movements
  • Breathing rate
  • Blood pressure
  • Heart rate and electrical activity of the heart and other muscles

Other types of sleep studies may check how quickly you fall asleep during daytime naps or whether you are able to stay awake and alert during the day.

What are the treatments for sleep disorders?

Treatments for sleep disorders depend on which disorder you have. They may include

  • Good sleep habits and other lifestyle changes, such as a healthy diet and exercise
  • Cognitive behavioral therapy or relaxation techniques to reduce anxiety about getting enough sleep
  • CPAP (continuous positive airway pressure) machine for sleep apnea
  • Bright light therapy (in the morning)
  • Medicines, including sleeping pills. Usually, providers recommend that you use sleeping pills for a short period of time.
  • Natural products, such as melatonin. These products may help some people, but are generally for short-term use. Make sure to check with your health care provider before you take any of them.

Check out the latest treatments for SLEEP DISORDER

SLEEP DISORDER treatment research studies

Ritalin clinical trials, surveys and public health registries


Find Drug Side Effect reports



Ritalin Side Effects

Depression (131)
Aggression (111)
Agitation (101)
Headache (94)
Anxiety (88)
Abnormal Behaviour (80)
Disturbance In Attention (79)
Feeling Abnormal (77)
Nausea (76)
Insomnia (66)
Decreased Appetite (60)
Dizziness (56)
Suicidal Ideation (53)
Dyspnoea (51)
Hyperhidrosis (50)
Fatigue (48)
Tremor (47)
Hallucination (46)
Irritability (46)
Weight Decreased (46)
Somnolence (46)
Hypertension (45)
Confusional State (45)
Vomiting (44)
Tachycardia (44)
Malaise (43)
Suicide Attempt (41)
Nervousness (40)
Convulsion (39)
Hallucination, Auditory (39)
Attention Deficit/hyperactivity Disorder (38)
Bipolar Disorder (38)
Crying (37)
Heart Rate Increased (36)
Depressed Mood (36)
Memory Impairment (33)
Chest Pain (33)
Psychomotor Hyperactivity (33)
Pyrexia (33)
Fall (32)
Blood Pressure Increased (32)
Anorexia (32)
Loss Of Consciousness (31)
Psychotic Disorder (31)
Weight Increased (31)
Palpitations (30)
Abdominal Pain Upper (30)
Asthenia (29)
Blood Creatine Phosphokinase Increased (25)
Apathy (25)

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Recent Reviews

I have been put on Molipaxin 3 weeks ago, I have dry mouth, hair loss and my panic attacks were showing no signs of improvement. Dr increased it to 100mg and put me onto Lamictin. I am not bi polar nor epileptic. My disorder ist algora phoebia. I a

muscle cramping when in a dead sleep

Does anyone else have insomnia problems, with this drug, was fine before taking it, but now having major trouble getting to sleep and staying asleep.

Had complete hysterectomy in 1999 and developed cystis acne. Was 34 at the time. Prescribed accutane for 9 months. Worked great with the usual side effects-dry lips. Now 11 years later, I am suffering from a severe anxiety disorder with body dimorph

Had patch on for approximate 6 hrs went to bed become very unsettled unable to sleep, rapid heart beat. Ended up removing it as l could hear my heart beat loud & scary. I gave it some time before l tried the next patch - 4 days later l trie

I am taking 2 asacol three times a day and is very difficult sleep and my mouth is dry all the time.

i have couph then i sleep very well but iam ask about the diseffect of this medicine

I took pataday for the first time around 10pm, I was instructed by my optometrist to take 1 drop in each eye every 24 hours, its now 530am, I think this stuff had made it so i cannot sleep! I'm super tired but I just cannot sleep! Thanks pataday...

My symptoms were tired, weak, unable to sleep. Was prescribed half of a 15 MG Mirtazapine nightly to help me sleep. Has this drug been successful used as a sleeping aid?

<b>Describe Your Metaxalone Experience Here:</b> I took it for the firt night last night hoping that it would help my shoulder and knee pains and help me sleep and it had the opposite effect. I feel asleep fast but 2 hour

SLEEP DISORDER Clinical Trials and Studies

Treatments might be new drugs or new combinations of drugs, new surgical procedures or devices, or new ways to use existing treatments. The goal of clinical trials is to determine if a new test or treatment works and is safe. Clinical trials can also look at other aspects of care, such as improving the quality of life for people with chronic illnesses. People participate in clinical trials for a variety of reasons. Healthy volunteers say they participate to help others and to contribute to moving science forward. Participants with an illness or disease also participate to help others, but also to possibly receive the newest treatment and to have the additional care and attention from the clinical trial staff.
Rank Status Study
1 Recruiting A Study Comparing Long-acting Methylphenidate (ConcertaTM) vs. Placebo in the Treatment of Memory Loss Due to HIV
Condition: HIV Dementia
Interventions: Drug: Long acting methylphenidate;   Drug: Matched placebo
Outcome Measures: Change in rate of reaction time as measured by neuropsychological testing;   Number of Subjects with Adverse Events as Measures of Safety and Tolerability of Concerta in HIV infected adults
2 Recruiting Effects of Methylphenidate (Ritalin®) on the Neural Basis of Anxiety
Condition: PTSD
Interventions: Drug: Methylphenidate;   Drug: Placebo
Outcome Measures: Changes in blood oxygenation level-dependent BOLD signal responses;   Changes in BOLD signal responses;   Changes in skin conductance response;   Latency and accuracy during a interoceptive stimulus task
3 Not yet recruiting The Effect of Ritalin (Methylphenidate Hydrochloride) on Pain and Auditory Sensitivity: an Exploratory Double-blind Randomized Controlled Trial on Healthy Subjects
Condition: Pharmacological Action (PA)
Interventions: Drug: methylphenidate hydrochloride;   Drug: Sugar pill (placebo)
Outcome Measures: Experimental pain intensity measured on a visual analogue scale (0-100);   effect of Ritalin on auditory sensitivity, measured by the response to different auditory stimulations;   pain intensity (NPS 0-100) in response to thermal stimuli and the measures of the auditory tests.
4 Not yet recruiting Identifying Characteristic Signature of Attention Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Ritalin Treatment
Condition: "Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder"
Interventions: Drug: Ritalin;   Drug: Placebo
Outcome Measure: Resting oscillation activity and Event-related-Potentials in Attention Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and healthy subjects.
5 Not yet recruiting Dopamine Receptor Imaging to Predict Response to Stimulant Therapy in Chronic TBI
Condition: Traumatic Brain Injury
Interventions: Drug: methylphenidate;   Drug: Placebo
Outcome Measures: Relationship between tonic dopamine release (measured by displacement of [11C]-raclopride by oral methylphenidate) and change in processing speed between baseline and after methylphenidate treatment.;   Relationship between D2/D3 receptor availability in ventral striatum and prefrontal cortex and neuropsychologic deficits.;   Relationship between tonic dopamine release in the ventral striatum and prefrontal cortex with neuropsychologic deficits after TBI.;   Relationship between D2/D3 receptor availability and functional connectivity of the prefrontal cortex with nodes of the default mode network.;   Relationship between TMS-induced short-interval cortical inhibition of M1 and tonic dopamine release.;   Test motivation and reward on and off methylphenidate in TBI patients.
6 Unknown  Amantadine Versus Ritalin in the Treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
Condition: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Interventions: Drug: Amantadine;   Drug: Ritalin
Outcome Measure: The mean decrease in ADHD -RS-IV score from baseline will be used as the main outcome measure of response of ADHD treatment.
7 Recruiting Methylphenidate to Improve Balance and Walking in MS
Condition: Multiple Sclerosis
Interventions: Drug: Methylphenidate (Ritalin);   Drug: Placebo
Outcome Measures: Timed Up and Go time (TUG time);   Automatic Postural Response (APR) Latency (in sec);   Timed 25 Foot Walk (T25FW in secs);   Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Assessment Questionnaire score;   Modified Fatigue Index Scale score;   Vestibular-Ocular Reflex time (in secs)
8 Unknown  Study of Methylphenidate as Add on Therapy in Depressed Cancer Patients
Condition: Depression
Interventions: Drug: Methylphenidate;   Drug: Placebo
Outcome Measures: depressive symptoms;   Distress level
9 Recruiting Effects of Methylphenidate, Modafinil, and MDMA on Emotion-processing in Humans: A Pharmaco-fMRI Study
Conditions: Healthy;   Substance-related Disorder;   Mood Disorder
Interventions: Drug: Methylphenidate;   Drug: Modafinil;   Drug: MDMA;   Drug: Placebo
Outcome Measures: Effect on amygdala and striatum BOLD signal responses to emotional stimuli;   Effects on cognitive performance and associated BOLD signal changes in frontal areas;   Subjective effects;   Neuroendocrine effects;   Empathy and social behavior;   Physiological effects of methylphenidate, modafinil, and MDMA;   Genetic Polymorphisms;   Pharmacokinetics of methylphenidate, modafinil, and MDMA
10 Recruiting Methylphenidate vs. Risperidone for the Treatment of Children and Adolescents With ADHD and Disruptive Disorders
Conditions: Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder;   Oppositional Defiant Disorder;   Conduct Disorder
Interventions: Drug: Methylphenidate;   Drug: Risperidone
Outcome Measures: Change from baseline of aggressive behaviors.;   Clinical Global Impression - Improvement scale (CGI-I) questionnaire;   ADHD-RS questionnaire;   Children's Depression Rating Scale (CDRS) questionnaire;   Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS) questionnaire;   Children Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ);   Clinical Global Impression - Severity (CGI-S) questionnaire
11 Recruiting The Effect of Methylphenidate Treatment in Familial Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
Conditions: Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Combined Type;   ADHD Predominantly Inattentive Type;   ADHD Predominantly Hyperactivity Type;   ADHD-not Other Specified
Intervention: Drug: Methylphenidate- Ritalin IR (Immediate Release)
Outcome Measures: Clinical Global Impression-Improvement scale;   overall ADHD-Rating Scale (ADHD-RS) score
12 Recruiting Methylphenidate as Treatment Option of Fatigue in Multiple Sclerosis
Conditions: Multiple Sclerosis;   Fatigue
Interventions: Drug: Methylphenidate modified release;   Drug: Maltodextrin
Outcome Measures: Change of Fatigue as measured by Fatigue Severity Scale;   Change of Fatigue as measured by Modified Fatigue Impact Scale (MFIS)
13 Not yet recruiting Methylphenidate on Intracortical Inhibition in Methamphetamine Abusers Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
Condition: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Intervention: Other: methylphenidate tablets and Inter-stimulus Intervals (ISI)
Outcome Measures: Conners ADHD Rating Scale;   Change of Motor Evoked Potential (MEP)
14 Recruiting Control of Cognition
Conditions: Healthy;   Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder;   Alcohol Dependence;   Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Alcohol Dependence
Interventions: Drug: Methylphendiate;   Drug: Naltrexone;   Drug: Placebo
Outcome Measures: Identify abnormalities in prefrontal control neural circuits underlying attention control, motor control, and appetitive control;   Characterize effects of methylphenidate and naltrexone on neural circuits in prefrontal cortex associated with attention control, motor control, and appetitive control;   Reaction time on the Multi-Source Interference Task;   Accuracy on the Multi-Source Interference Task;   Reaction time variability on the Multi-Source Interference Task
15 Recruiting Multimodal Therapy for Treatment of Fatigue
Condition: Prostate Cancer
Interventions: Other: Placebo;   Drug: Methylphenidate;   Behavioral: Counseling Sessions;   Other: Sham Exercise;   Other: Standardized Exercise Intervention Program;   Other: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
Outcome Measure: Change in Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy - Fatigue (FACIT-F) subscale scores
16 Recruiting Methylphenidate for Attention Problems After Pediatric TBI
Conditions: Traumatic Brain Injury;   TBI;   ADHD
Interventions: Drug: Methylphenidate;   Drug: Placebo
Outcome Measures: Parent report measures;   Neuropsychological Testing;   Teacher Report Measures
17 Not yet recruiting Reversal of General Anesthesia With Methylphenidate
Conditions: Post Operative Cognitive Dysfunction;   Emergence From Anesthesia
Intervention: Drug: Methylphenidate
Outcome Measures: Number of Participants with Adverse Events as a Measure of Safety and Tolerability;   Time to emergence from general anesthesia
18 Recruiting Impact of CES1 Genotype on Metabolism of Methylphenidate
Conditions: Carboxylesterase 1 (CES1) Genotype;   CES1 Activity
Intervention: Drug: Methylphenidate
Outcome Measures: Plasma concentration of methylphenidate and Ritalinic acid;   Metabolomic Profile
19 Recruiting A Comparison of Methylphenidate and Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for the Treatment of Binge Eating Disorder
Condition: Binge-Eating Disorder
Interventions: Drug: Methylphenidate;   Behavioral: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Outcome Measures: Frequency of binge episodes/days, as assessed by prospective daily binge diary;   Frequency of objective binge episodes and overall illness severity, as assessed by both the Eating Disorder Examination Interview and Questionnaire;   Clinician impression of illness severity and improvement, as assessed by the Clinical Global Impression scale;   Quality of life, as assessed by the Quality of Life Inventory;   Associated features of binge eating as captured by the Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire and Binge Eating Scale;   Body Mass Index
20 Not yet recruiting Methylphenidate ER Liquid Formulation in Adults With ASD and ADHD
Conditions: Attention-deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder;   Autism Spectrum Disorder
Intervention: Drug: Methylphenidate extended-release liquid formulation
Outcome Measure: Adult ADHD Investigator Symptom Report Scale (AISRS)