Depressed and Ritalin


Depressed Symptoms and Causes

What is insomnia?

Insomnia is a common sleep disorder. If you have it, you may have trouble falling asleep, staying asleep, or both. As a result, you may get too little sleep or have poor-quality sleep. You may not feel refreshed when you wake up.

What are the symptoms of insomnia?

Symptoms of insomnia include:

  • Lying awake for a long time before you fall asleep
  • Sleeping for only short periods
  • Being awake for much of the night
  • Feeling as if you haven't slept at all
  • Waking up too early
What are the types of insomnia?

Insomnia can be acute (short-term) or chronic (ongoing). Acute insomnia is common. Common causes include stress at work, family pressures, or a traumatic event. It usually lasts for days or weeks.

Chronic insomnia lasts for a month or longer. Most cases of chronic insomnia are secondary. This means they are the symptom or side effect of some other problem, such as certain medical conditions, medicines, and other sleep disorders. Substances such as caffeine, tobacco, and alcohol can also be a cause.

Sometimes chronic insomnia is the primary problem. This means that it is not caused by something else. Its cause is not well understood, but long-lasting stress, emotional upset, travel and shift work can be factors. Primary insomnia usually lasts more than one month.

Who gets insomnia?

Insomnia is common. It affects women more often than men. You can get it at any age, but older adults are more likely to have it. You are also at higher risk of insomnia if you

  • Have a lot of stress
  • Are Depressed or have other emotional distress, such as divorce or death of a spouse
  • Have a lower income
  • Work at night or have frequent major shifts in your work hours
  • Travel long distances with time changes
  • Have an inactive lifestyle
  • Are African American; research shows that African Americans take longer to fall asleep, don't sleep as well, and have more sleep-related breathing problems than whites.
What other problems can insomnia cause?

Insomnia can cause daytime sleepiness and a lack of energy. It also can make you feel anxious, Depressed, or irritable. You may have trouble focusing on tasks, paying attention, learning, and remembering. Insomnia also can cause other serious problems. For example, it could make you may feel drowsy while driving. This could cause you get into a car accident.

How is insomnia diagnosed?

To diagnose insomnia, your health care provider

  • Takes your medical history
  • Asks for your sleep history. Your provider will ask you for details about your sleep habits.
  • Does a physical exam, to rule out other medical problems that might cause insomnia
  • May recommend a sleep study. A sleep study measures how well you sleep and how your body responds to sleep problems.
What are the treatments for insomnia?

Treatments include lifestyle changes, counseling, and medicines:

  • Lifestyle changes, including good sleep habits, often help relieve acute (short-term) insomnia. These changes might make it easier for you to fall asleep and stay asleep.
  • A type of counseling called cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) can help relieve the anxiety linked to chronic (ongoing) insomnia
  • Several medicines also can help relieve your insomnia and allow you to re-establish a regular sleep schedule

If your insomnia is the symptom or side effect of another problem, it's important to treat that problem (if possible).

NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

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Ritalin Side Effects

Depression (131)
Aggression (111)
Agitation (101)
Headache (94)
Anxiety (88)
Abnormal Behaviour (80)
Disturbance In Attention (79)
Feeling Abnormal (77)
Nausea (76)
Insomnia (66)
Decreased Appetite (60)
Dizziness (56)
Suicidal Ideation (53)
Dyspnoea (51)
Hyperhidrosis (50)
Fatigue (48)
Tremor (47)
Hallucination (46)
Irritability (46)
Weight Decreased (46)
Somnolence (46)
Hypertension (45)
Confusional State (45)
Vomiting (44)
Tachycardia (44)
Malaise (43)
Suicide Attempt (41)
Nervousness (40)
Convulsion (39)
Hallucination, Auditory (39)
Attention Deficit/hyperactivity Disorder (38)
Bipolar Disorder (38)
Crying (37)
Heart Rate Increased (36)
Depressed Mood (36)
Memory Impairment (33)
Chest Pain (33)
Psychomotor Hyperactivity (33)
Pyrexia (33)
Fall (32)
Blood Pressure Increased (32)
Anorexia (32)
Loss Of Consciousness (31)
Psychotic Disorder (31)
Weight Increased (31)
Palpitations (30)
Abdominal Pain Upper (30)
Asthenia (29)
Blood Creatine Phosphokinase Increased (25)
Apathy (25)

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Recent Reviews

Im 20 and around for months ago i become serverly depressed due to stress and anxiety .so my doctor put me on 15mg martazipine to get me out and help with my depression . but the only big problem is i feel emotionaly numb and i dont recognise myself

hi I have long use Leponex Clozapine (25 mg three times) my diagnosis F20.1 that would have some consequences that already 11 years receive I think it was not anything my doctor gave me the wrong diagnosis because that day was a bit depressed I wen

Thankyou for witing out this article I have been on 120mgs of Zeldox since November 2010 at first it seemed to work and now it has me stuck in a depression state . I was prior to that on olanzapine which held me also in a depressed state I

hi there, could you help me with this, if you have experienced with Ventolin My sister felt so useless and depressed, so she took her<span style='color: #366388;'>ventolin inhalerand&

<strong></strong><span style='color: #808080;'>i took zopiclone becaouse i coulnd sleep ... but i felt depressed, i had bad feeling in my chest, my blood pressurewas too fast, sometimeswas difficult to breath for

<strong>Constipation, Fluid build up under my eyes, Depressed</strong>

57 year old female,been on Warfarin for about three years due to repeated DVT. I have been depressed for a few years also, Taking Citolopram for that. Wondering if anyone has experienced fatique while on Warfarin. Even when I am f

After being on cipralex for one week, I started feeling more depressed, extreem hunger, irritable, panic attacks and tired. My doctor told me that the medican would take 5 weeks before I felt effects from it. On week two I experienced a sev

After one dose of 50mg felteuphoric, dizzy,out of touch with reality and extremely depressed; unable to functionas normal.great for pain but don't think I can continue withthis.

Am so pleased i gave up on champix last nov , but got very depressed and nasty to family and friends !! it is still going on and my weight is increasing by the week even though i go to the gym 5 times a week,its not natural am obsessed by my figure a

Bad!!!! Very weak physically, pain in joints, very depressed, brain fog, over sleeping, tremendous weight gain, loss of interest in life.

Depressed Clinical Trials and Studies

Treatments might be new drugs or new combinations of drugs, new surgical procedures or devices, or new ways to use existing treatments. The goal of clinical trials is to determine if a new test or treatment works and is safe. Clinical trials can also look at other aspects of care, such as improving the quality of life for people with chronic illnesses. People participate in clinical trials for a variety of reasons. Healthy volunteers say they participate to help others and to contribute to moving science forward. Participants with an illness or disease also participate to help others, but also to possibly receive the newest treatment and to have the additional care and attention from the clinical trial staff.
Rank Status Study
1 Recruiting A Study Comparing Long-acting Methylphenidate (ConcertaTM) vs. Placebo in the Treatment of Memory Loss Due to HIV
Condition: HIV Dementia
Interventions: Drug: Long acting methylphenidate;   Drug: Matched placebo
Outcome Measures: Change in rate of reaction time as measured by neuropsychological testing;   Number of Subjects with Adverse Events as Measures of Safety and Tolerability of Concerta in HIV infected adults
2 Recruiting Effects of Methylphenidate (Ritalin®) on the Neural Basis of Anxiety
Condition: PTSD
Interventions: Drug: Methylphenidate;   Drug: Placebo
Outcome Measures: Changes in blood oxygenation level-dependent BOLD signal responses;   Changes in BOLD signal responses;   Changes in skin conductance response;   Latency and accuracy during a interoceptive stimulus task
3 Not yet recruiting The Effect of Ritalin (Methylphenidate Hydrochloride) on Pain and Auditory Sensitivity: an Exploratory Double-blind Randomized Controlled Trial on Healthy Subjects
Condition: Pharmacological Action (PA)
Interventions: Drug: methylphenidate hydrochloride;   Drug: Sugar pill (placebo)
Outcome Measures: Experimental pain intensity measured on a visual analogue scale (0-100);   effect of Ritalin on auditory sensitivity, measured by the response to different auditory stimulations;   pain intensity (NPS 0-100) in response to thermal stimuli and the measures of the auditory tests.
4 Not yet recruiting Identifying Characteristic Signature of Attention Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Ritalin Treatment
Condition: "Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder"
Interventions: Drug: Ritalin;   Drug: Placebo
Outcome Measure: Resting oscillation activity and Event-related-Potentials in Attention Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and healthy subjects.
5 Not yet recruiting Dopamine Receptor Imaging to Predict Response to Stimulant Therapy in Chronic TBI
Condition: Traumatic Brain Injury
Interventions: Drug: methylphenidate;   Drug: Placebo
Outcome Measures: Relationship between tonic dopamine release (measured by displacement of [11C]-raclopride by oral methylphenidate) and change in processing speed between baseline and after methylphenidate treatment.;   Relationship between D2/D3 receptor availability in ventral striatum and prefrontal cortex and neuropsychologic deficits.;   Relationship between tonic dopamine release in the ventral striatum and prefrontal cortex with neuropsychologic deficits after TBI.;   Relationship between D2/D3 receptor availability and functional connectivity of the prefrontal cortex with nodes of the default mode network.;   Relationship between TMS-induced short-interval cortical inhibition of M1 and tonic dopamine release.;   Test motivation and reward on and off methylphenidate in TBI patients.
6 Unknown  Amantadine Versus Ritalin in the Treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
Condition: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Interventions: Drug: Amantadine;   Drug: Ritalin
Outcome Measure: The mean decrease in ADHD -RS-IV score from baseline will be used as the main outcome measure of response of ADHD treatment.
7 Recruiting Methylphenidate to Improve Balance and Walking in MS
Condition: Multiple Sclerosis
Interventions: Drug: Methylphenidate (Ritalin);   Drug: Placebo
Outcome Measures: Timed Up and Go time (TUG time);   Automatic Postural Response (APR) Latency (in sec);   Timed 25 Foot Walk (T25FW in secs);   Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Assessment Questionnaire score;   Modified Fatigue Index Scale score;   Vestibular-Ocular Reflex time (in secs)
8 Unknown  Study of Methylphenidate as Add on Therapy in Depressed Cancer Patients
Condition: Depression
Interventions: Drug: Methylphenidate;   Drug: Placebo
Outcome Measures: depressive symptoms;   Distress level
9 Recruiting Effects of Methylphenidate, Modafinil, and MDMA on Emotion-processing in Humans: A Pharmaco-fMRI Study
Conditions: Healthy;   Substance-related Disorder;   Mood Disorder
Interventions: Drug: Methylphenidate;   Drug: Modafinil;   Drug: MDMA;   Drug: Placebo
Outcome Measures: Effect on amygdala and striatum BOLD signal responses to emotional stimuli;   Effects on cognitive performance and associated BOLD signal changes in frontal areas;   Subjective effects;   Neuroendocrine effects;   Empathy and social behavior;   Physiological effects of methylphenidate, modafinil, and MDMA;   Genetic Polymorphisms;   Pharmacokinetics of methylphenidate, modafinil, and MDMA
10 Recruiting Methylphenidate vs. Risperidone for the Treatment of Children and Adolescents With ADHD and Disruptive Disorders
Conditions: Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder;   Oppositional Defiant Disorder;   Conduct Disorder
Interventions: Drug: Methylphenidate;   Drug: Risperidone
Outcome Measures: Change from baseline of aggressive behaviors.;   Clinical Global Impression - Improvement scale (CGI-I) questionnaire;   ADHD-RS questionnaire;   Children's Depression Rating Scale (CDRS) questionnaire;   Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS) questionnaire;   Children Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ);   Clinical Global Impression - Severity (CGI-S) questionnaire
11 Recruiting The Effect of Methylphenidate Treatment in Familial Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
Conditions: Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Combined Type;   ADHD Predominantly Inattentive Type;   ADHD Predominantly Hyperactivity Type;   ADHD-not Other Specified
Intervention: Drug: Methylphenidate- Ritalin IR (Immediate Release)
Outcome Measures: Clinical Global Impression-Improvement scale;   overall ADHD-Rating Scale (ADHD-RS) score
12 Recruiting Methylphenidate as Treatment Option of Fatigue in Multiple Sclerosis
Conditions: Multiple Sclerosis;   Fatigue
Interventions: Drug: Methylphenidate modified release;   Drug: Maltodextrin
Outcome Measures: Change of Fatigue as measured by Fatigue Severity Scale;   Change of Fatigue as measured by Modified Fatigue Impact Scale (MFIS)
13 Not yet recruiting Methylphenidate on Intracortical Inhibition in Methamphetamine Abusers Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
Condition: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Intervention: Other: methylphenidate tablets and Inter-stimulus Intervals (ISI)
Outcome Measures: Conners ADHD Rating Scale;   Change of Motor Evoked Potential (MEP)
14 Recruiting Control of Cognition
Conditions: Healthy;   Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder;   Alcohol Dependence;   Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Alcohol Dependence
Interventions: Drug: Methylphendiate;   Drug: Naltrexone;   Drug: Placebo
Outcome Measures: Identify abnormalities in prefrontal control neural circuits underlying attention control, motor control, and appetitive control;   Characterize effects of methylphenidate and naltrexone on neural circuits in prefrontal cortex associated with attention control, motor control, and appetitive control;   Reaction time on the Multi-Source Interference Task;   Accuracy on the Multi-Source Interference Task;   Reaction time variability on the Multi-Source Interference Task
15 Recruiting Multimodal Therapy for Treatment of Fatigue
Condition: Prostate Cancer
Interventions: Other: Placebo;   Drug: Methylphenidate;   Behavioral: Counseling Sessions;   Other: Sham Exercise;   Other: Standardized Exercise Intervention Program;   Other: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
Outcome Measure: Change in Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy - Fatigue (FACIT-F) subscale scores
16 Recruiting Methylphenidate for Attention Problems After Pediatric TBI
Conditions: Traumatic Brain Injury;   TBI;   ADHD
Interventions: Drug: Methylphenidate;   Drug: Placebo
Outcome Measures: Parent report measures;   Neuropsychological Testing;   Teacher Report Measures
17 Not yet recruiting Reversal of General Anesthesia With Methylphenidate
Conditions: Post Operative Cognitive Dysfunction;   Emergence From Anesthesia
Intervention: Drug: Methylphenidate
Outcome Measures: Number of Participants with Adverse Events as a Measure of Safety and Tolerability;   Time to emergence from general anesthesia
18 Recruiting Impact of CES1 Genotype on Metabolism of Methylphenidate
Conditions: Carboxylesterase 1 (CES1) Genotype;   CES1 Activity
Intervention: Drug: Methylphenidate
Outcome Measures: Plasma concentration of methylphenidate and Ritalinic acid;   Metabolomic Profile
19 Recruiting A Comparison of Methylphenidate and Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for the Treatment of Binge Eating Disorder
Condition: Binge-Eating Disorder
Interventions: Drug: Methylphenidate;   Behavioral: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Outcome Measures: Frequency of binge episodes/days, as assessed by prospective daily binge diary;   Frequency of objective binge episodes and overall illness severity, as assessed by both the Eating Disorder Examination Interview and Questionnaire;   Clinician impression of illness severity and improvement, as assessed by the Clinical Global Impression scale;   Quality of life, as assessed by the Quality of Life Inventory;   Associated features of binge eating as captured by the Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire and Binge Eating Scale;   Body Mass Index
20 Not yet recruiting Methylphenidate ER Liquid Formulation in Adults With ASD and ADHD
Conditions: Attention-deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder;   Autism Spectrum Disorder
Intervention: Drug: Methylphenidate extended-release liquid formulation
Outcome Measure: Adult ADHD Investigator Symptom Report Scale (AISRS)