Upper and Calonal


Upper Symptoms and Causes

A hiatal hernia is a condition in which the Upper part of your stomach bulges through an opening in your diaphragm. Your diaphragm is the thin muscle that separates your chest from your abdomen. Your diaphragm helps keep acid from coming up into your esophagus. When you have a hiatal hernia, it's easier for the acid to come up. This leaking of acid from your stomach into your esophagus is called GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease). GERD may cause symptoms such as

  • Heartburn
  • Problems swallowing
  • A dry cough
  • Bad breath
  • Nausea and/or vomiting
  • Breathing problems
  • The wearing away of your teeth

Often, the cause of a hiatal hernia is unknown. It may have to do with weakness in the surrounding muscles. Sometimes the cause is an injury or a birth defect. Your risk of getting a hiatal hernia goes up as you age; they are common in people over age 50. You are also at higher risk if you have obesity or smoke.

People usually find out that they have a hiatal hernia when they are getting tests for GERD, heartburn, chest pain, or abdominal pain. The tests may be a chest x-ray, an x-ray with a barium swallow, or an Upper endoscopy.

You don't need treatment if your hiatal hernia does not cause any symptoms or problems. If you do have symptoms, some lifestyle changes may help. They include eating small meals, avoiding certain foods, not smoking or drinking alcohol, and losing weight. Your health care provider may recommend antacids or other medicines. If these don't help, you may need surgery.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

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Hypertension (13)
Pyrexia (6)
Pneumonia (6)
Hypophosphataemia (5)
Gastrointestinal Haemorrhage (5)
Gastrointestinal Perforation (5)
Back Pain (3)
Abnormal Behaviour (3)
Rash (3)
Palmar-plantar Erythrodysaesthesia Syndrome (3)
Altered State Of Consciousness (2)
Angina Unstable (2)
Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time Prolonged (2)
Alanine Aminotransferase Increased (2)
Aspartate Aminotransferase Increased (2)
Cerebral Infarction (2)
Peritonitis (2)
Oedema Peripheral (1)
Palpitations (1)
Oedema (1)
No Adverse Event (1)
Chest Pain (1)
Neutropenia (1)
Pleural Effusion (1)
C-reactive Protein Increased (1)
Stomatitis (1)
Somnolence (1)
Blood Pressure Increased (1)
Sepsis (1)
Rhabdomyolysis (1)
Renal Failure Acute (1)
Restlessness (1)
Renal Failure (1)
Diverticular Perforation (1)
Diarrhoea (1)
Disease Progression (1)
Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation (1)
Urine Output Decreased (1)
Aspiration (1)
Arrhythmia (1)
Arthralgia (1)
Dizziness (1)
Duodenal Perforation (1)
Prothrombin Time Prolonged (1)
Renal Cell Carcinoma (1)
Loss Of Consciousness (1)
Infusion Related Reaction (1)
Electrolyte Imbalance (1)
Infection (1)
Renal Cyst Infection (1)

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Recent Reviews

Ear is aching..drink calonal powder around 7:pm.,11:30 pm calonal 300mg drink again..

I am expericing a severe dried mouth and upper tract congestion. When I try to swallow my saliva it seems like something blocking the way. I am using <strong>Xalatan </strong>eye drops for the eye pressure treatment. But I have had stoma

I developed Pancreatitis 10/8/2009 and was in the hospital til 11/2/2009. My Amylace was 1898 and my Lypace was 579. I got pancreatitis b/c my local hospital failed to catch my gall bladder issues on 3 different occassions. First was 1/8/2009 when I

I have been experiencing a small shock-like pain on my upper left cheekbone only if I apply pressure to that area with my finger or rarely if I shave, I don't get any pain any other times ?? Being that I am a Hypochontriac I am always thing the worst

Pain is constant in upper right quadrant of stomach, sometimes it radiates to my right side and back....I'm 5'4, 112 lbs...don't have my gallblader or appendix ....sometimes it is worse if I'm really upset, like it's triggered at time by stress...hav

Upper left hip pain. Appears to be more benign than malignant

Upper left quadrant, severe gas pain, constipation.

What if Iam having serve pain in left upper midle stomach. Its about a 10 out of 10 what should I do?

63 yo man received Zostavax injection in the left upper arm 12/13/11. Developed painful blister on the right shoulder and pain at the right lower ribs 12/10/11.

I just had the infusion two days ago (1/19/10) and was surprised with the intensity of muscle pain the day after the treatment. My pain was localized to my rib cage, neck, shoulders and upper back. In addition I was very fatiqued...slept most of

<span style='color: #808080;'><b>Describe Your TDAP (ADACEL) Experience Here:I received my vaccine on 2-28-2011</b> today is 3-4-2011 and my arm is still very sore and I have developed a raised rash on the upper arm al

I've had four injections of Xolair.Twoweeksafter thefourth injectionone lump appearedon each (upper/front) thigh. The xolair injections are one on each arm, once a month. Are the

Afetr I started taking Daflon for a swelling in my right unkle, I am experiencing a burning feeling in both legs, in the upper calf area all the way up to the joint behind the knee, Even my good left leg. It also feels like electricity. Is this norm

After being diagnosed with urinary tract infection, had one dose of monuril 3 gr. 7 hours later developed skin rash in all upper body and severe swelling of the face, particularly round the eyes. I had 2 pills of celesemine. In the morning symtoms ha

After having two dozes of Miofree(Thiocolchicoside) 8mg my eyes started watering profusely and was red with pricking sensation under the upper lid of the right eye. I wonder whether it is a side effect of the medicine. I have since stopped the medici

After taking Amlodipine 10mg for a year or so, can it then cause itching on the upper body; arms, back, and ribs?

After taking it fora pprox 9 days started getting strange feelings in my upperstomach.

After taking Prevacid for the past 12 years for severe acid reflux (my upper sphincter does not close), I seem to have developed some resistance to it, as it only works for about 16 hours now instead of 24. This made sleeping difficult, so I started

Upper Clinical Trials and Studies

Treatments might be new drugs or new combinations of drugs, new surgical procedures or devices, or new ways to use existing treatments. The goal of clinical trials is to determine if a new test or treatment works and is safe. Clinical trials can also look at other aspects of care, such as improving the quality of life for people with chronic illnesses. People participate in clinical trials for a variety of reasons. Healthy volunteers say they participate to help others and to contribute to moving science forward. Participants with an illness or disease also participate to help others, but also to possibly receive the newest treatment and to have the additional care and attention from the clinical trial staff.
Rank Status Study
1 Recruiting Hyaluronic Acid Gels for Upper Lid Retraction in Active Stage Thyroid Eye Disease
Condition: Thyroid Eye Disease
Interventions: Drug: Hyaluronic Acid Gel injection;   Drug: Saline injection
Outcome Measures: Upper eyelid scleral show and marginal reflex distance 1 in mm;   Dry Eye;   Quality of life;   Complications
2 Recruiting Upper Airway Toning for Improve the Compliance of CPAP
Condition: Sleep Apnea, Obstructive
Interventions: Other: CPAP;   Procedure: Upper Airway Toning for Improve the Compliance of CPAP
Outcome Measures: CPAP compliance;   Sleep Apnea Quality of Life Index (SAQLI) Test
3 Recruiting Home Study of an Advanced Upper Limb Prosthesis
Condition: Traumatic Amputation of Arm
Intervention: Device: Advanced Upper limb prosthetic device
Outcome Measures: Change in Quality of Life (QOL) scale;   Home Use Appropriateness;   Extent of Prosthetic Use;   Trinity Amputations and Prosthetics Experience Scale (TAPES);   Activities Measure for Upper limb amputees (AM-ULA);   SF-36 V;   Neuropsychological Testing Battery;   Wong-Baker FACES Pain Rating Scale (FACES);   Jebsen-Taylor Hand Function Test (JTHFT);   University of New Brunswick Test of Prosthetic Function (UNB);   Adapted Rivermead Extended Activities Index (REAI);   Upper Extremity Functional Scale (UEFS) from the Orthotics and Prosthetics Users Survey (OPUS);   The Patient Specific Functional Scale (PSFS);   The Community Reintegration of Service Members Computer Adaptive Test (CRIS-CAT)
4 Unknown  Self-directed Upper Limb Training Using a SaeboFlex in Acute Stroke
Condition: Stroke
Intervention: Other: Self-directed Upper Limb SaeboFlex Training
Outcome Measures: Action Research Arm Test (ARAT);   Motricity Index (MI);   Motor Assessment Scale- Upper Limb Section (UL-MAS).;   Visual Analogue Scale;   Modified Barthel Index (MBI);   Stroke Impact Scale (SIS);   Berg Balance Test;   Questionnaire;   Adverse effects or events monitoring and recording
5 Unknown  Upper Arm Reahabilitation After Stroke and Video Game
Conditions: Stroke;   Cerebro-vascular Accident;   Upper Arm Disability;   Reaching;   Grasping
Interventions: Procedure: serious game reeducation;   Procedure: functional MRI
Outcome Measures: Efficacy assessment of the serious game on the recovery of the Upper limb;   Fugl Meyer Score between both groups;   Box and Block Test assessment between both groups;   Wolf Motor Function Test assessment between both groups.;   Motor Activity Log assessment between both groups;   Barthel Index and SF-36;   Functional MRI Assessment between controls and patients;   Nine Hole Peg test assessment between both groups;   tensor diffusion analysis between controls and patients
6 Recruiting EUS-FNA Versus KHB in Diagnostics of Upper Gastrointestinal Submucosal Tumors
Condition: Other Specified Disorders of Esophagus, Stomach or Duodenum
Interventions: Procedure: Key Hole Biopsy ( KHB);   Procedure: EUS-FNA
Outcome Measures: To compare the yield and success of KHB and EUS-FNA in cytological / histological and immunohistochemical diagnostics of Upper Gastrointestinal Submucosal Tumors.;   Detection of mitotic activity in case of Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors
7 Unknown  ESTD vs. VATS for Upper Gastrointestinal Submucosal Tumors
Conditions: Upper Gastrointestinal Submucosal Tumors (SMTs);   Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors (GISTs);   Leiomyoma
Interventions: Procedure: ESTD;   Procedure: VATS
Outcome Measures: En bloc resection;   Curative resection;   Procedure related complication;   Short-term morbidity;   Local recurrence;   Quality of life
8 Recruiting Comparison of Saphenous Vein Graft Harvested From Upper Versus Lower Leg in Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting
Conditions: Triple Vessel Disease;   Unstable Angina;   Stable Angina;   Myocardial Infarction
Interventions: Procedure: Upper leg vein harvesting;   Procedure: Lower leg vein harvesting
Outcome Measure: Endothelial preservation of saphenous vein graft
9 Recruiting Incidence of Sleep-disordered Breathing and Upper Airway Collapsibility in Postpartum Patients and Its Intervention
Conditions: Sleep Disordered Breathing;   Upper Airway Collapsibility;   Upper Airway Obstruction
Interventions: Procedure: elevated body position;   Procedure: supine body position
Outcome Measures: Lower rate of sleep disordered breathing in elevated body position;   to elucidate the anatomical and physiological risk factors that contribute in the Upper airway obstruction in post-partum patients
10 Recruiting Adverse Events During Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Conditions: Patients Need Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy;   Peptic Ulcer;   Gastric Cancer;   Esophagus Cancer;   Oesophagitis
Outcome Measure: Adverse events
11 Not yet recruiting Effect of Upper Limb Posture on Limb Volume as Expressed in Circumference Measurement in Healthy Women and in Women With Breast Cancer Related Lymphedema
Conditions: Breast Cancer;   Lymphedema
Intervention: Other: circumferential measurements in different Upper limb positions.
Outcome Measure: Circumferential Upper limb measurement
12 Recruiting Non-antibiotic Prescribing for Acute Upper Respiratory Tract Infection
Condition: Acute Upper Respiratory Tract Infection
Intervention: Drug: Amoxicillin
Outcome Measures: fever;   vomiting
13 Unknown  Automated Versus Standard Physiotherapy for Upper Limb Rehabilitation in Patients With Acquired Brain Lesions
Conditions: Vascular Accident, Brain;   Traumatic Brain Injury
Interventions: Device: Armeo Spring;   Other: conventional physiotherapy
Outcome Measures: Fugl Meyer Score for sensorymotor recovery of the Upper limb after stroke;   Upper Extremity Motor Activity Log for measuring real use of the Upper limb;   Wolf Motor Function Test for measurement of timed joint-segment movements;   Clinical Global Impression Score for the measurement of change over time of the illness' severity
14 Not yet recruiting Upper Extremity Strength in Cerebral Palsy
Condition: Cerebral Palsy
Intervention: Other: reproducibility of Upper extremity strength measurements
Outcome Measures: Inter-rater and test-retest reliability of HHD expressed as ICC value;   Inter-rater and test-retest reliability of E-link expressed as ICC value;   Inter-rater and test-retest reliability of functional strength measurements expressed as ICC value;   Inter-rater and test-retest agreement of HHD expressed as Limits of Agreement;   Inter-rater and test-retest agreement of E-Link expressed as Limits of Agreement;   Inter-rater and test-retest agreement of functional measurements expressed as Limits of Agreement
15 Recruiting Immediate Effects of Manipulation Versus Stretching on Upper Trapezius Pressure Pain Thresholds
Condition: Neurophysiological Mechanisms Manipulation
Interventions: Procedure: CT Manipulation;   Procedure: Upper trapezius stretch
Outcome Measures: Pain Pressure Threshold;   Cervical Range of Motion
16 Recruiting Upper Limbs Intervention in Multiple Sclerosis
Condition: Multiple Sclerosis
Interventions: Other: Upper limbs intervention;   Other: Usual treatment
Outcome Measures: Changes in manual dexterity;   Changes in apraxia;   Changes in grip strength;   Change in fatigue;   Upper limb functioning;   Pinch strength;   Tapping speed
17 Recruiting Upper Limbs Assessment in Children With Cerebral Palsy
Conditions: Cerebral Palsy;   Children
Intervention: Other: Assessment
Outcome Measures: Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (PEDI);   Upper limbs functionality;   Manual dexterity;   Executive function;   Handwriting assessment;   Range of motion;   Upper limbs strength
18 Recruiting The Development of Upper Extremity Rehabilitation Program Using Virtual Reality for the Stroke Patients
Condition: Upper Extremity Dysfunction After the Stroke
Interventions: Other: Virtual reality program for Upper extremity rehabilitation;   Other: standard occupational therapy
Outcome Measures: Fugl-Meyer Upper extremity scale;   brunnström stage;   Modified Barthel Index;   Medical Research Council (MRC) Scale for Muscle Strength;   Euroqol(EQ)-5D;   Virtual reality kinematic data;   questionnaire
19 Recruiting Hand Transplantation for Treatment of Dominant Hand or Bilateral Hand Amputees
Conditions: Upper Extremity Amputation;   Hand Amputation
Intervention: Procedure: Hand transplantation
Outcome Measures: Outcomes of hand transplantation;   Efficacy and optimization of the immune suppression protocol;   Procedural outcomes of hand transplantation;   Functional outcomes of hand transplantation;   Psychosocial outcomes of hand transplantation;   Financial and economic aspects of hand transplantation
20 Recruiting Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation Combined Sensory Modulation Intervention in Chronic Stroke Patients
Condition: Stroke
Interventions: Device: tDCS;   Drug: Epidermis anesthesia;   Drug: sham anesthesia;   Other: Repeated passive movement;   Device: sham tDCS
Outcome Measures: Change from baseline Fugl Meyer Assessment(FMA)Upper extremities subscale after intervention;   Change from baseline Active joint activity after intervention;   Change from baseline Muscle tone after intervention;   Change from baseline research arm test (ARAT) after intervention;   Change from baseline Barthel Index(BI) after intervention;   Change from baseline Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) after intervention;   Change from baseline fMRI activation after intervention;   Change from baseline Diffusion Spectrum Imaging after intervention;   Change from baseline research arm test (ARAT) at 3 months after intervention;   Change from baseline research arm test (ARAT) at 6 months after intervention;   Change from baseline Barthel Index(BI) at 3 months after intervention;   Change from baseline Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) at 3 months after intervention;   Change from baseline Barthel Index(BI) at 6 months after intervention;   Change from baseline Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) at 6 months after intervention;   Change from baseline Fugl Meyer Assessment(FMA)Upper extremities subscale at 3 months after intervention;   Change from baseline Active joint activity at 3 months after intervention;   Change from baseline Muscle tone at 3 months after intervention;   Change from baseline Fugl Meyer Assessment(FMA)Upper extremities subscale at 6 months after intervention;   Change from baseline Active joint activity at 6 months after intervention;   Change from baseline Muscle tone at 6 months after intervention