Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis | Sleep Patterns in Children With and Without Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis
Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis research study
What is the primary objective of this study?
The investigators are doing this study to look at sleep problems, daytime sleepiness, and thinking and behavior patterns in children with arthritis and in children without arthritis. Arthritis is a problem with joints. Some children have arthritis and some children do not have arthritis. Sleep disordered breathing is a sleeping problem in which some children snore and have pauses in their breathing during sleep. It is associated with not enough or fragmented sleep, poor school performance, problems paying attention, and behavior problems. The investigators do not know how many children with arthritis have sleep problems, and how it is linked to daytime sleepiness and children's learning, and behavior patterns compared to children without arthritis. The investigators need to study both children with arthritis and children without arthritis to learn more about these connections and to understand if they are the same or different in children with arthritis and in children without arthritis.
Who is eligible to participate?
Inclusion Criteria: Children - Children with and without arthritis, 6 thru 11 years old, able to speak English - Children with JIA not recently hospitalized for severe JIA. Parents - Subject's parents or legal guardian are > 18 years of age and able to read and speak English. - Subject's parent or legal guardian has provided written informed consent prior to screening for this study. Exclusion Criteria: Children - A child with a history of/current diagnosis of a psychiatric condition meeting DSM-IV-TR (e.g. depression, bipolar disorder) that would interfere with ability to comply with protocol requirements, or give informed consent, or be expected to have disordered sleep. - A child with acute illness such as a cold or the flu that would interfere with sleep and neurobehavioral testing. - A chronic condition such as cancer, diabetes, or asthma which would, in the investigator's opinion, compromise the subject's ability to comply with the study requirements and interfere with ability to comply with protocol requirements. - Children admitted to the hospital for severe JIA within the last 2 months. - Children with a BMI >95th percentile (defined as obesity by CDC) will be excluded because of potential impact of obesity on SDB. Parents - A parent or legal guardian with a chronic condition that would compromise the parent's ability to comply with protocol requirements.
Which medical condition, disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury is researched?
Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis
Interventions can include giving participants drugs, medical devices, procedures, vaccines, and other products that are either investigational or already available or noninvasive approaches such as surveys, education, and interviews.
Behavioral:comparison of types of sleep disordered breathingcomparison of types of sleep disordered breathing (primary snoring, upper airway resistance syndrome, obstructive sleep apnea) in children with and without arthritis.
Research studies and clinical trials typically have two or more research arms. An arm is a group of people who receive the same treatment in the study.
Start Date: September 2011
Completed Date: February 2015
Primary Outcome: Prevalence of Sleep Disordered Breathing
Secondary Outcome: Measures of Daytime Sleepiness
Study sponsors, principal investigator, and references
Lead Sponsor: University of Washington