Estrogen Receptor Positive | Docetaxel, Carboplatin, Trastuzumab, and Pertuzumab With or Without Estrogen Deprivation in Treating Patients With Hormone Receptor-Positive, HER2-Positive Operable or Locally Advanced Breast Cancer
Estrogen Receptor Positive research study
What is the primary objective of this study?
This randomized phase III trial studies docetaxel, carboplatin, trastuzumab, and pertuzumab with estrogen deprivation to see how they work compared to docetaxel, carboplatin, trastuzumab, and pertuzumab without estrogen deprivation in treating patients with hormone receptor-positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive breast cancer that is operable or has spread from where it started to nearby tissue or lymph nodes (locally advanced). Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as docetaxel, carboplatin, trastuzumab, and pertuzumab, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving more than one drug (combination chemotherapy) may kill more tumor cells. Estrogen can cause the growth of breast cancer cells. Hormone therapy using goserelin acetate and aromatase inhibition therapy may fight breast cancer by blocking the use of estrogen by the tumor cells. Radiation therapy uses high energy x rays to kill tumor cells. Giving combination chemotherapy and radiation therapy with or without hormone therapy may be an effective treatment for hormone receptor-positive, HER2-positive, operable or locally advanced breast cancer.
Who is eligible to participate?
Inclusion Criteria: - Patients should have a life expectancy of at least 10 years, excluding their diagnosis of breast cancer; (comorbid conditions should be taken into consideration, but not the diagnosis of breast cancer) - Women of reproductive potential must agree to use an effective non-hormonal method of contraception during study therapy (chemotherapy, trastuzumab, pertuzumab, and estrogen deprivation therapy) and for at least 7 months after the last dose of study therapy - Submission of tumor samples is required for all patients; the local pathology department policy regarding release of tumor samples must be considered in the screening process; patients whose tumor samples are located in a pathology department that by policy will not submit any samples for research purposes should not be approached for participation in the B-52 trial - The patient must have signed and dated an Institutional Review Board (IRB)-approved consent form that conforms to federal and institutional guidelines - The patient must have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1 - Clinical staging for the primary tumor can be cT1c (must be 2.0 cm) or T2-T4 if clinically node negative; if the regional lymph nodes are cN1 and cytologically or histologically positive or if cN2-N3 with or without a biopsy, the primary breast tumor can be cT0-T4 - The diagnosis of invasive adenocarcinoma of the breast must have been made by core needle biopsy - Ipsilateral axillary lymph nodes must be evaluated by imaging (mammogram, ultrasound, and/or magnetic resonance imaging [MRI]) within 6 weeks prior to randomization; if suspicious or abnormal, fine needle aspirate (FNA) or core biopsy is recommended, also within 6 weeks prior to randomization; findings of these evaluations will be used to determine the nodal status prior to randomization: - Nodal status - negative - Imaging of the axilla is negative - Imaging is suspicious or abnormal but the FNA or core biopsy of the questionable node(s) on imaging is negative - Nodal status - positive - FNA or core biopsy of the node(s) is cytologically or histologically suspicious or positive - Imaging is suspicious or abnormal but FNA or core biopsy was not performed - Patients may be premenopausal or postmenopausal at the time of randomization; for study purposes, postmenopausal is defined as: - Age 56 or older with no spontaneous menses for at least 12 months prior to study entry; or - Age 55 or younger with no spontaneous menses for at least 12 months prior to study entry (e.g., spontaneous or secondary to hysterectomy) and with a documented estradiol level in the postmenopausal range according to local institutional/laboratory standard; or - Documented bilateral oophorectomy - The tumor must have been determined to be HER2-postive as follows: - Immunohistochemistry (IHC) 3+ or - In situ hybridization (ISH)-positive (defined by ratio of HER2 to circulating endothelial progenitors [CEP]17 >= 2.0 or HER2 gene copy number >= 6 per nucleus) - The tumor must have been determined to be estrogen receptor (ER) and/or progesterone (PgR) positive assessed by current American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO)/College of American Pathologist (CAP) guideline recommendations for hormone receptor testing; patients with >= 1% ER or PgR staining by IHC are considered positive - Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) must be >= 1200/mm^3 - Platelet count must be >= 100,000/mm^3 - Hemoglobin must be >= 10 g/dL - Total bilirubin must be =< upper limit of normal (ULN) for the lab unless the patient has a bilirubin elevation > ULN to 1.5 x ULN due to Gilbert's disease or similar syndrome involving slow conjugation of bilirubin - Alkaline phosphatase must be =< 2.5 x ULN for the lab - Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) must be =< 1.5 x ULN for the lab - Alkaline phosphatase and AST may not both be > the ULN; for example, if the alkaline phosphatase is > the ULN but =< 2.5 x ULN, the AST must be =< the ULN; if the AST is > the ULN but =< 1.5 x ULN, the alkaline phosphatase must be =< ULN; Note: If alanine aminotransferase (ALT) is performed instead of AST (per institution's standard practice), the ALT value must be =< 1.5 x ULN; if both were performed, the AST must be =< 1.5 x ULN - Patients with AST or alkaline phosphatase > ULN are eligible for inclusion in the study if liver imaging (computed tomography [CT], MRI, positron emission tomography [PET]-CT, or PET scan) performed within 6 weeks prior to randomization does not demonstrate metastatic disease and the requirements are met - Patients with alkaline phosphatase that is > ULN but =< 2.5 x ULN or unexplained bone pain are eligible for inclusion in the study if a bone scan, PET-CT scan, or PET scan performed within 6 weeks prior to randomization does not demonstrate metastatic disease - Within 6 weeks prior to randomization, the most recent serum creatinine must be =< ULN or measured or calculated creatinine clearance must be > 60 mL/min - Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) assessment must be performed within 90 days prior to randomization; (LVEF assessment performed by 2-dimensional [2-D] echocardiogram is preferred; however, multi gated acquisition scan [MUGA] scan may be substituted based on institutional preferences); the LVEF must be >= 50% regardless of the cardiac imaging facility's lower limit of normal; note: since the pre-entry LVEF serves as the baseline for comparing subsequent LVEF assessments, it is critical that this baseline study be an accurate assessment; if the baseline LVEF is > 65%, the investigator is encouraged to have the accuracy of the initial LVEF result confirmed and repeat the test if the accuracy is uncertain Exclusion Criteria: - FNA alone to diagnose the breast cancer - Excisional biopsy or lumpectomy performed prior to randomization - Surgical axillary staging procedure prior to randomization; pre-neoadjuvant therapy sentinel node biopsy is not permitted - Definitive clinical or radiologic evidence of metastatic disease; (chest imaging [mandatory for all patients] and other imaging [if required] must have been performed within 90 days prior to randomization) - Synchronous bilateral invasive breast cancer - Synchronous or previous contralateral invasive breast cancer; (patients with synchronous and/or previous contralateral ductal carcinoma in situ [DCIS] or lobular carcinoma in situ [LCIS] are eligible) - Any previous history of ipsilateral invasive breast cancer or ipsilateral DCIS; (patients with synchronous or previous ipsilateral LCIS are eligible) - Treatment including radiation therapy (RT), chemotherapy, targeted therapy, or endocrine therapy for the currently diagnosed breast cancer prior to randomization - Previous endocrine therapy such as raloxifene or tamoxifen (or other selective estrogen receptor modulator [SERM]) or an aromatase inhibitor for any malignancy - Previous therapy with anthracycline, taxanes, carboplatin, trastuzumab, or other HER2 targeted therapies for any malignancy - Any sex hormonal therapy, e.g., birth control pills, ovarian hormone replacement therapy, etc. (these patients are eligible if this therapy is discontinued prior to randomization) - History of non-breast malignancies (except for in situ cancers treated only by local excision and basal cell and squamous cell carcinomas of the skin) within 5 years prior to randomization - Cardiac disease (history of and/or active disease) that would preclude the use of the drugs included in the treatment regimens; this includes but is not confined to: - Active cardiac disease: - Angina pectoris that requires the use of anti-anginal medication; - Ventricular arrhythmias except for benign premature ventricular contractions; - Supraventricular and nodal arrhythmias requiring a pacemaker or not controlled with medication; - Conduction abnormality requiring a pacemaker; - Valvular disease with documented compromise in cardiac function; and - Symptomatic pericarditis - History of cardiac disease: - Myocardial infarction documented by elevated cardiac enzymes or persistent regional wall abnormalities on assessment of left ventricular (LV) function; - History of documented congestive heart failure (CHF); and - Documented cardiomyopathy - Uncontrolled hypertension defined as sustained systolic blood pressure (BP) > 150 mmHg or diastolic BP > 90 mmHg; (patients with initial BP elevations are eligible if initiation or adjustment of BP medication lowers pressure to meet entry criteria) - Active hepatitis B or hepatitis C with abnormal liver function tests - Intrinsic lung disease resulting in dyspnea - Poorly controlled diabetes mellitus - Active infection or chronic infection requiring chronic suppressive antibiotics - Patients known to be human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive with a baseline cluster of differentiation (CD)4 count of < 250 cells/mm^3 or have a history of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) indicator conditions; patients taking anti-retroviral therapy that may have a potential overlapping toxicity with the study therapy are not eligible - Nervous system disorder (paresthesia, peripheral motor neuropathy, or peripheral sensory neuropathy) >= grade 2, per the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.0 (CTCAE v4.0) - Malabsorption syndrome, ulcerative colitis, resection of the stomach or small bowel, or other disease significantly affecting gastrointestinal function - Other non-malignant systemic disease that would preclude treatment with any of the treatment regimens or would prevent required follow-up - Conditions that would prohibit administration of corticosteroids - Chronic daily treatment with corticosteroids with a dose of >= 10 mg/day methylprednisolone equivalent (excluding inhaled steroids) - Known hypersensitivity to any of the study drugs or any of the ingredients or excipients of these drugs (e.g., polysorbate 80), including sensitivity to benzyl alcohol - Pregnancy or lactation at the time of study entry; (note: pregnancy testing must be performed within 2 weeks prior to randomization according to institutional standards for women of childbearing potential) - Psychiatric or addictive disorders or other conditions that, in the opinion of the investigator, would preclude the patient from meeting the study requirements - Use of any investigational product within 30 days prior to randomization
Which medical condition, disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury is researched?
Estrogen Receptor Positive
Progesterone Receptor Positive
Stage IB Breast Cancer AJCC v7
Stage IIA Breast Cancer AJCC v6 and v7
Stage IIB Breast Cancer AJCC v6 and v7
Stage IIIA Breast Cancer AJCC v7
Stage IIIB Breast Cancer AJCC v7
Stage IIIC Breast Cancer AJCC v7
Interventions can include giving participants drugs, medical devices, procedures, vaccines, and other products that are either investigational or already available or noninvasive approaches such as surveys, education, and interviews.
Drug:Aromatase Inhibition TherapyGiven at the investigator's discretion
Other:Cytology Specimen Collection ProcedureUndergo 2 core biopsies
Drug:Goserelin AcetateGiven SC
Other:Laboratory Biomarker AnalysisCorrelative studies
Other:Quality-of-Life AssessmentAncillary studies
Procedure:Therapeutic Conventional SurgeryUndergo lumpectomy or mastectomy
Radiation:Whole Breast IrradiationUndergo whole breast irradiation
Research studies and clinical trials typically have two or more research arms. An arm is a group of people who receive the same treatment in the study.
Arm I (combination chemotherapy, surgery, radiation)NEOADJUVANT: Patients receive docetaxel IV over 60 minutes, carboplatin IV over 30-60 minutes, trastuzumab IV over 30-90 minutes, and pertuzumab IV over 30-60 on day 1. Treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients enrolled after Amendment #4 undergo 2 core biopsies prior to course 3 of treatment. SURGERY: Patients undergo lumpectomy or mastectomy. RADIATION: Patients undergo whole breast irradiation within 8 weeks following surgery. ADJUVANT: Patients receive trastuzumab IV over 30-60 minutes every 21 days for up to 1 year.
Arm II (chemo, estrogen deprivation, surgery, radiation)NEOADJUVANT: All patients receive docetaxel, carboplatin, trastuzumab, and pertuzumab as in arm I. Premenopausal patients also receive goserelin acetate SC every 28 days until surgery and aromatase inhibition therapy at the investigator's discretion daily until 1 day before surgery. Postmenopausal patients receive aromatase inhibition therapy at the investigator's discretion daily until 1 day before surgery. Patients enrolled after Amendment #4 undergo 2 core biopsies prior to course 3 of treatment. SURGERY: Patients undergo lumpectomy or mastectomy. RADIATION: Patients undergo whole breast irradiation within 8 weeks following surgery. ADJUVANT: Patients receive trastuzumab IV over 30-60 minutes every 21 days for up to 1 year.
Active, not recruiting
Start Date: January 15, 2014
Phase: Phase 3
Primary Outcome: Rate of pCR in the breast and post therapy lymph nodes
Secondary Outcome: Rate of pCR in the breast
Study sponsors, principal investigator, and references
Principal Investigator: Mothaffar F Rimawi
Lead Sponsor: National Cancer Institute (NCI)