Chronic Constipation, Methanogenesis | Effect of Lubiprostone on Methanogenesis and Bowel Function in Chronic Constipation.
Chronic Constipation, Methanogenesis research study
What is the primary objective of this study?
Lubiprostone, a chloride channel activator, has been shown to improve symptoms of chronic constipation, largely by enhancing chloride-rich intestinal fluid secretion. Whether Lubiprostone has effects on colonic methanogenesis is not known. The investigators hypothesize that the effects of Lubiprostone may in part be due to its effects on altering colonic flora, particularly methanogenic flora. By altering the colonic stasis of stool and through more efficient clearance of digestive residue, the investigators anticipate that Lubiprostone may either inhibit or promote better excretion of methanogenic flora, and thereby decrease the gut load of methane producing bacteria. In turn, this may lead to enhanced colonic smooth muscle contraction and an increased rate of spontaneous bowel movements and reduction of constipation symptoms. The aim is to investigate the effects of Lubiprostone on intestinal methane production and bowel symptoms in patients with chronic constipation, by performing a randomized, double blind, placebo controlled study.
Who is eligible to participate?
Inclusion Criteria: - Constipation as defined by Rome III criteria13. Patients must have symptoms > 3 days/month for the past three months and report at least two of the following symptoms ≥ 25% of the time: straining, lumpy or hard stool, sensation of incomplete evacuation, sensation of anorectal obstruction/blockage, use of manual maneuvers, < 3 bowel movements/week. Also,they should have insufficient criteria for IBS, and only rarely loose stools without the use of laxatives. - ≥ 3 ppm methane value at baseline1, 2(before sugar load). Exclusion Criteria: - Patients taking drugs that are known to be constipating will be excluded or asked to discontinue medications for at least 2 weeks and reassessed. For example, we will recommend that patients taking calcium channel antagonists contact their respective primary care physicians to explore alternative medications for hypertension such as beta blockers or ACE-inhibitors. If the calcium channel antagonists are able to be discontinued, patients will be re-screened at least two weeks after the medications are discontinued. If patients no longer meet inclusion criteria, they will be excluded from the study. Patients who remain constipated will be eligible for enrollment. - Patients with co-morbid illnesses such as severe cardiovascular disease, chronic renal failure, or those with previous gastrointestinal surgery except cholecystectomy and appendectomy - Patients with neurologic diseases such as multiple sclerosis, strokes, spinal cord injuries, and those who have problems with cognizance, i.e. a mini-mental score of <15 and/or are legally blind will be excluded. - Women who are pregnant or are likely to conceive during the course of the study will be excluded. Urinary pregnancy tests will be performed on all women of child-bearing potential prior to enrollment and before any x-ray of the abdomen. - Patients with Hirschsprung' s disease, or active local anorectal problems such as anal fissures, bleeding hemorrhoids, Crohn's, colitis, or colon cancer. - Patients with alternating constipation and diarrhea and those who fulfill the Rome-III criteria for irritable bowel syndrome. - Recent antibiotic use (last 6 weeks). - Patients using laxatives, PEG or Tegaserod and unwilling to discontinue these medications at least 2 weeks prior to the study.
Which medical condition, disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury is researched?
Chronic Constipation, Methanogenesis
Interventions can include giving participants drugs, medical devices, procedures, vaccines, and other products that are either investigational or already available or noninvasive approaches such as surveys, education, and interviews.
Drug:LubiprostoneColonic transit study performed and stool/symptom diaries will be reviewed. Eligible subjects will be given a lactulose breath test and randomized to Lubiprostone or placebo. Treatment group receives 24 mcg Lubiprostone twice daily and placebo group receives pills (identical in appearance to the study drug) for one month. Subjects will be asked to maintain a daily stool/symptom diary for duration of the study. In the middle of the study a research coordinator will call the subjects to take questions/concerns and record adverse events. Lactulose breath test will be repeated, constipation questionnaire filled out, colon transit study performed.
Drug:Lubiprostone ControlColonic transit study performed and stool/symptom diaries will be reviewed. Eligible subjects will be given a lactulose breath test and randomized to Lubiprostone or placebo. Treatment group receives 24 mcg Lubiprostone twice daily and placebo group receives pills (identical in appearance to the study drug) for one month. Subjects will be asked to maintain a daily stool/symptom diary for duration of the study. In the middle of the study a research coordinator will call the subjects to take questions/concerns and record adverse events. Lactulose breath test will be repeated, constipation questionnaire filled out, colon transit study performed.
Research studies and clinical trials typically have two or more research arms. An arm is a group of people who receive the same treatment in the study.
Lubiprostone24mcg BID for 4 weeks, oral medication
Placebo24mcg BID for 4 weeks (placebo), oral medication
Start Date: February 2009
Completed Date: March 2012
Phase: Phase 1
Primary Outcome: Change in Methane Production
Secondary Outcome: Stool Frequency (Complete Spontaneous Bowel Movements)
Study sponsors, principal investigator, and references
Lead Sponsor: Augusta University
Collaborator: Takeda Pharmaceuticals North America, Inc.