Posttraumatic Stress Disorder | Effects of Duloxetine on Fear Conditioning in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder research study
What is the primary objective of this study?
Chronic posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a debilitating disorder and treatment response to pharmacological interventions has been modest for these patients. Chronic elevated anxiety and associated psychophysiological parameters including increased heart rate and alterations in skin conductance are key symptoms of chronic PTSD. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SRIs) are considered treatment of first choice for these patients, however a substantial portion of patients treated with SRIs do not respond sufficiently. Therefore, there is a need to establish novel and effective treatment strategies for these patients. Recently, duloxetine has received considerable attention since it was shown in multiple controlled trials to be an effective treatment for people with major depressive disorder (MDD), a condition which is often co-morbid with PTSD. In chronic PTSD, the psychophysiological responses at baseline and in response to treatment with duloxetine have been inadequately studied and may provide novel insight into antidepressant and anxiolytic mechanisms of this compound. Primary Aim 1: Evaluate the anxiolytic and antidepressant effects of duloxetine in patients with chronic PTSD. Secondary Aim 2: Evaluate the effects of duloxetine on fear conditioned psychophysiological responses (including startle eyeblink, skin conductance, and cardiovascular inter-beat interval) at baseline and after 8 weeks of naturalistic treatment in chronic PTSD patients.
Who is eligible to participate?
Inclusion criteria: - Patients with PTSD (age range 18-65 years) as determined by the Structured Clinical Interview for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, non-patient version (First et al., 1996) - Willingness to participate in a naturalistic treatment study using duloxetine and in two fear conditioning tests, one at baseline and one at the end of the 8 weeks treatment study. We will include PTSD subjects on medications (possible medications include antidepressants, benzodiazepines, and neuroleptics) who have no or only partial treatment response or PTSD patients who are untreated. Treatment will be switched to duloxetine and the previous antidepressant medication will be discontinued. - PTSD subjects will have a minimum score of 50 on the Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS; Blake et al, 1995). - Participants will be enrolled until the number of 20 subjects who complete the study is reached. - All subjects are required to be in a medically stable condition as determined by a thorough physical examination, including ECG, blood work and urine analysis. - No vulnerable subjects will be recruited for this study. Exclusion criteria: - comorbid diagnosis of bipolar illness, schizophrenia or other psychotic disorders or presence of psychotic symptoms - acute or chronic suicidality - acute or chronic unstable medical conditions (including severely impaired hepatic function as indicated with abnormal PT and PTT, abnormal CBC, and liver enzymes more than 50% above the upper normal range, not well controlled blood pressure) - current diagnosis of substance abuse or dependence - unsuccessful treatment history with duloxetine, known hypersensitivity to duloxetine or any of its inactive ingredients - administration of any investigational drug up to 90 days before entry into the study - intake of monoamino oxides inhibitors up to 90 days before entry into the study or during the study - subjects with a positive screen for drugs of abuse - no startle or skin conductance response, or excessively high startle response to the startle probe (100 dB acoustic stimuli) during the pretest - patients with uncontrolled narrow-angle glaucoma - Pregnant as indicated by urine pregnancy test or unwillingness to prevent conception during the course of the study.
Which medical condition, disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury is researched?
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
Interventions can include giving participants drugs, medical devices, procedures, vaccines, and other products that are either investigational or already available or noninvasive approaches such as surveys, education, and interviews.
Drug:DuloxetineDosage given according to the following schedule: Week 1: 30mg QD, Week 2: 60mg QD, Week 3: 60mg QD, Week 4-6: Flexible dosing according to clinical situation, dose range between 60-120mg QD, Weeks 7 + 8: fixed dose
Research studies and clinical trials typically have two or more research arms. An arm is a group of people who receive the same treatment in the study.
Start Date: February 2007
Completed Date: December 2009
Phase: Early Phase 1
Primary Outcome: Anxiolytic and antidepressant effects of duloxetine in patients with chronic PTSD
Study sponsors, principal investigator, and references
Principal Investigator: Alexander Neumeister, MD
Lead Sponsor: Yale University
Collaborator: VA Connecticut Healthcare System