Dysfunction of Vestibular System | Effectiveness of Computer Assisted Training for Older People With Vestibular Dysfunction
Dysfunction of Vestibular System research study
What is the primary objective of this study?
BACKGROUND A Cochrane review from 2003 found that about 30% of people 65 years or older each year fall and that number is even higher for elder people living in institutions. Falls are the cause of 95% of all hip fractures, resulting in prolonged hospitalization and prolonged disability. In patients who are referred to the emergency room after unexplained fall, a study of 564 patients showed that 80% of the patients had vestibular symptoms characterized by balance problems, nausea, impairment, vomiting, and dizziness. 41% of the patients had dizziness suggesting a dysfunctional vestibular system called vestibular dysfunction. In patients with vestibular dysfunction, vestibular rehabilitation (VR) can reduce fall risk. Several studies show however that the elderly has a decreased compliance in relation to the performance of home exercise. A solution to support the older vestibular rehabilitation process and to maintain the achieved level of functionality after the rehabilitation process is the computer-training program \"Move It To Improve It\" (MITII). Based on individual studies and tests therapists develop a personalized rehabilitation program permanently corrected, modified and adjusted. The system generates feedback to the therapists at hospital with information about the person's daily training and scores of individual exercises. The Web cam makes it possible to make video footage and pictures to be used in the feedback information. The system also establish direct communication between users and therapists. The web community provide the framework for a telerehabilitation system, which means that the hospital can service more users in the same period. The ph.d. consist of three studies which has the purposes: To compare a computer exercise program (Mitii) with conservative home-training according to printed instructions in the rehabilitation of patients with vistibular dysfunction in an outpatient clinic To investigate whether the effect of vestibular rehabilitation is preserved three months after the completion of supervised training in an outpatient clinic for specific vestibular rehabilitation and whether a computer assisted home training program (Mitii) is superior to printed instructions in this respect To evaluate patient experience and barriers for the use fo the computer assisted rehabilitation of patients with vestibular dysfunction
Who is eligible to participate?
Inclusion Criteria: - Patient Acceptance - 65 years old or older - Peripheral vestibular dysfunction, stable (ie no inflammatory processes ie neuronitis vestibulitis and/or fluctuations symptoms ie Meniere) - Central vestibular dysfunction without other co-morbidities (eg. Parkinson's, Stroke) - Mixed peripheral and central vestibular dysfunction without other co-morbidity Exclusion Criteria: - Lack of vision - If exercise therapy is contraindicated - Significant cardiac problems - Taking medicine with risk of vestibular side effects (benzodiazepines, sedatives) - Dementia (MMSE test <27 or an anamnesis suggesting dementia) - Stroke within the past 6 months - Other cognitive dysfunction - Operation of hip fractures within the last 3 months
Which medical condition, disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury is researched?
Dysfunction of Vestibular System
Interventions can include giving participants drugs, medical devices, procedures, vaccines, and other products that are either investigational or already available or noninvasive approaches such as surveys, education, and interviews.
Procedure:Computer-trainingThe computer-training program "Move IT To Improve IT" is a exercise program which is installed and used on a Apple Imac in the patients home to support vestibular rehabilitation
Research studies and clinical trials typically have two or more research arms. An arm is a group of people who receive the same treatment in the study.
Computer-trainingThe computer-training program, Move it to improve it was installed in the participants homes using an internet-connected computer with a web camera connected to a cloud-based specifically adapted interactive training program.
Printed instructionsA training program delivered as printed instructions
Start Date: January 2010
Completed Date: December 2016
Primary Outcome: Static balance will be measured by the "One leg Stand test"
Secondary Outcome: Dynamic balance will be measured by the "Dynamic Gait Index"
Study sponsors, principal investigator, and references
Principal Investigator: E.M. Damsgaard
Lead Sponsor: University of Aarhus
Gillespie LD, Gillespie WJ, Robertson MC, Lamb SE, Cumming RG, Rowe BH. Interventions for preventing falls in elderly people. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2003;(4):CD000340. Review. Update in: Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2009;(2):CD000340.