Non-functioning Pituitary Adenomas | Response to Cabergoline and Pasireotide in Non-functioning Pituitary Adenomas and Resistant Prolactinomas
Non-functioning Pituitary Adenomas research study
What is the primary objective of this study?
There are no available medical treatment options for patients with non-functioning pituitary adenomas (NFPA) or with resistant prolactinomas to dopamine agonists (DA) who are not cured by surgery. The study of the receptors by quantitative messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) expression levels and immunohistochemistry analysis might end with a better understanding of these tumors. Besides that, it will be assessed the in vitro and in vivo responses to pasireotide (for NFPA and prolactinomas) and cabergoline (for NFPA). These responses will be compared with the receptor expressions which may be a tool as a predicting element of the response to these compounds.
Who is eligible to participate?
Inclusion Criteria - Male or female patients aged 18 years or greater - Patients with confirmed diagnosis of NFPA evidenced by: magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) confirmation of pituitary adenoma and No pituitary tumoral hormone hypersecretion - Patients with no previous medical treatment - Patients who had been submitted to surgery but not cured. Lack of cure is defined as presence of remnant tumor on MRI at least three months after surgery (without any possible misinterpretation of postsurgical changes) - Patients with confirmed diagnosis of resistant prolactinoma by lack of prolactin normalization with a tolerated cabergoline dosage during 12 weeks - Patients who had been submitted to surgery due to resistance to cabergoline and not cured. Lack of cure is defined as lack of serum prolactin normalization or complete removal of tumor load - Patients who signed the informed consent Exclusion Criteria - Previous pituitary radiotherapy - High risk for transsphenoidal surgery - Patients with symptomatic cholelithiasis - Diabetic patients on antidiabetic medications those fasting blood glucose is poorly controlled as evidenced by HbA1C > 8% - Patients with abnormal coagulation (prothrombin time (PT) or partial thromboplastin time (PTT) elevated by 30% above normal limits); - Patients receiving anticoagulants that affect PT or PTT - Patients who have congestive heart failure (NYHA Class III or IV), unstable angina, sustained ventricular tachycardia, clinically significant bradycardia, advanced heart block, history of acute MI less than one year prior to study entry or clinically significant impairment in cardiovascular function - Patients with risk factors for torsade de pointes, i.e. patients with a baseline corrected QT interval (QTc) > 480 ms, hypokalemia, family history of long QT syndrome, and concomitant medications known to prolong QT interval - Patients with liver disease such as cirrhosis, chronic active hepatitis, or chronic persistent hepatitis, or patients with (alanine aminotransferase) ALT/ (aspartate aminotransferase) AST more than 2 X upper limit of normal (ULN), serum creatinine > 2.0 X ULN, serum bilirubin > 2.0 X ULN, serum albumin < 0.67 X lower limit of normal (LLN) - Patients with white blood cell (WBC) < 3 X 109/L; Hgb < LLN; Platelet count (PLT) < 100 X 109/L - Patients who have any current or prior medical condition that can interfere with the conduct of the study or the evaluation of its results in the opinion of the investigator - Female patients who are pregnant or lactating, or are of childbearing potential and not practicing a medically acceptable method for birth control. Female patients must use barrier contraception with condoms. If oral contraception is used, the patient must have been practicing this method for at least two months prior to enrollment and must agree to continue the oral contraceptive throughout the course of the study and for one month after the last dose of study drug. Male patients who are sexually active are required to use condoms during the study and for 1 month afterwards - Patients who have a history of alcohol or drug abuse in the 6 month period prior to receiving pasireotide
Which medical condition, disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury is researched?
Non-functioning Pituitary Adenomas
Interventions can include giving participants drugs, medical devices, procedures, vaccines, and other products that are either investigational or already available or noninvasive approaches such as surveys, education, and interviews.
Drug:PasireotideThe patients with NFPA will be randomized into two groups: (A) the first one will be treated with pasireotide at the dosage of 900 µg s.c. twice a day for 6 months; (B) the second one, with cabergoline 3 mg/week for six months. The patients with resistant prolactinomas will be treated with pasireotide at the dosage of 600 µg s.c. twice a day. After four weeks of treatment, the patients who normalize serum prolactin level will be maintained at the same dosage, the others who do not achieve normal prolactin level will have their dosage raised to 900 µg s.c. twice a day for six months.
Drug:cabergolineThe patients with NFPA will be randomized into two groups: (A) the first one will be treated with pasireotide at 900 µg s.c. twice a day for 6 months; (B) the second one, with cabergoline 3 mg/week for 6 months. The patients with resistant prolactinomas will be treated with pasireotide at 600 µg s.c. twice a day. After four weeks of treatment, the patients who normalize serum prolactin level will be maintained at the same dosage, the others who do not achieve normal prolactin level will have their dosage raised to 900 µg s.c. twice a day for six months.
Research studies and clinical trials typically have two or more research arms. An arm is a group of people who receive the same treatment in the study.
PasireotideFor non-cured patients with prolactinomas resistant to cabergoline, MRI will be performed immediately before and six months after the onset of pasireotide treatment. The anti-secretory effect will be evaluated by prolactin dosage every month. For patients harboring a NFPA, treatment will be started at least 3 months after neurosurgery, when a pituitary MRI clearly shows the presence of a residual tumor without any possible misinterpretation of postsurgical changes. In this case, the drug efficacy will be evaluated clinically by visual field and by MRI six months after pasireotide treatment.
cabergolineIn patients with non-functioning pituitary adenoma, treatment will be started at least 3 months after neurosurgery, when a pituitary MRI clearly shows the presence of a residual tumor without any possible misinterpretation of postsurgical changes. The drug response will be evaluated clinically by visual field and by Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) before medical treatment and after six months of cabergoline treatment at maximum dose.
Start Date: March 2010
Completed Date: June 2012
Phase: Phase 2/Phase 3
Primary Outcome: Tumor Volume Changes for NFPA and Prolactin Level Changes for Prolactinoma
Study sponsors, principal investigator, and references
Principal Investigator: Mônica R. Gadelha, PhD
Lead Sponsor: Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro