Levodopa Induced Dyskinesia in Patients With Parkinson's Disease | A Feasibility Study to Evaluate Safety and Initial Effectiveness of ExAblate Transcranial MR Guided Focused Ultrasound for Unilateral Pallidotomy in the Treatment of Dyskinesia of Parkinson's Disease

Levodopa Induced Dyskinesia in Patients With Parkinson's Disease research study

What is the primary objective of this study?

The proposed study is to evaluate the safety and initial effectiveness of the ExAblate Transcranial MRI-guided focused ultrasound (MRgFUS) treatment of patients with dyskinesia of Parkinson's Disease (PD) - Safety: To evaluate the incidence and severity of adverse events (AE/AEs) associated with ExAblate Transcranial MRgFUS treatment of dyskinesia of PD - Effectiveness: To determine the level of effectiveness of the ExAblate Transcranial MRgFUS treatment of dyskinesia of PD.Efficacy will be determined utilizing the UPDRS-IV for dyskinesia in PD from examinations at baseline and every 3-Months post-ExAblate treatment. This study is designed as a prospective, single-site, single arm, nonrandomized study. Assessments will be made before and three months after MRgFUS for clinical symptom relief, quality of life (QoL) improvements, and safety of MRgFUS in the treatment of LID. Relative Safety will be evaluated using a common description of Significant Clinical Complications for patients treated in this study. This study will be performed on the 3T MR scanners.

Who is eligible to participate?

Inclusion Criteria: - Men and women, between 20 and 80 years, inclusive - Willing to give consent and able to attend all study visits - Diagnosis of PD as confirmed from clinical history and examination by a movement disorder neurologist - Show unequivocal response to dopaminergic agents, specified as at least 33% improvement in United Parkinson Disease Rating Scale motor subscore (UPDRS-III) and diagnosed as idiopathic PD for more than 5 years. - GPi nucleus of pallidum can be targeted by the ExAblate device. The GPi region of the pallidum must be apparent on MRI such that targeting can be performed with either direct visualization or by measurement from a line connecting the anterior and posterior commissures of the brain. - Able to communicate sensations during the ExAblate MRgFUS treatment - One of dyskinesia rating scores greater than or equal to 2 in UPDRS-IV A-32, 33, substance-related absences, suspensions, or expulsions from school; or neglect of children or household). / Recurrent substance use in situations in which it is physically hazardous (such as driving an automobile or operating a machine when impaired by substance use) / Recurrent substance-related legal problems (such as arrests for substance related disorderly conduct) / Continued substance use despite having persistent or recurrent social or interpersonal problems caused or exacerbated by the effects of the substance (for example, arguments with spouse about consequences of intoxication and physical fights). - Severe hypertension (diastolic BP > 100 on medication) - Contraindications for MR imaging such as non-MRI compatible implanted metallic devices including cardiac pacemakers, size limitations, etc. - Known intolerance or allergies to the MRI contrast agent (e.g. Gadolinium or Magnevist) including advanced kidney disease - Severely impaired renal function (estimated glomerular filtration rate < 45ml/min/1.73 m2) or receiving dialysis - History of abnormal bleeding and/or coagulopathy - Receiving anticoagulant (e.g. warfarin) or antiplatelet (e.g. aspirin) therapy within one week of focused ultrasound procedure or drugs known to increase risk or hemorrhage (e.g. Avastin) within one month of focused ultrasound procedure - Active or suspected acute or chronic uncontrolled infection - History of intracranial hemorrhage - Cerebrovascular disease (multiple CVA or CVA within 6 months) - Individuals who are not able or willing to tolerate the required prolonged stationary supine position during treatment (can be up to 4 hrs of total table time.) - Symptoms and signs of increased intracranial pressure (e.g. headache, nausea, vomiting, lethargy, and papilledema) - Are participating or have participated in another clinical trial in the last 30 days - Unable to communicate with the investigator and staff. - Presence of any other neurodegenerative disease like parkinson-plus syndromes suspected on neurological examination. These include: multisystem atrophy, progressive supranuclear palsy, dementia with Lewy bodies, and Alzheimer's disease. - Anyone suspected to have the diagnosis of idiopathic Parkinson's disease. This includes excluding anyone with the presence of parkinsonian features including bradykinesia rigidity, or postural instability. - Presence of significant cognitive impairment as determined with a score ≤ 24 on the Mini Mental Status Examination (MMSE) - History of immunocompromise, including patient who is HIV positive - Known life-threatening systemic disease - Patients with a history of seizures within the past year - Patients with current or a prior history of any psychiatric illness will be excluded. Any presence or history of psychosis will be excluded. Patients with mood disorders including depression will be excluded. For the purpose of this study, we consider a significant mood disorder to include any patient who has: been under the care of a psychiatrist for over 3 months / taken antidepressant medications for greater than 6 months / has participated in cognitive-behavioral therapy / been hospitalized for the treatment of a psychiatric illness / received transcranial magnetic stimulation / received electroconvulsive therapy - Patients with risk factors for intraoperative or postoperative bleeding (platelet count less than 100,000 per cubic millimeter, PT > 14, PTT > 36 or INR > 1.3) or a documented coagulopathy - Patients with brain tumors - Any illness that in the investigator's opinion preclude participation in this study. - Pregnancy or lactation. - Legal incapacity or limited legal capacity. - Patients who have had deep brain stimulation or a prior stereotactic ablation of the basal ganglia - Prior intracranial surgery - Calcifications in the sonication pathway that cannot be avoided by tailoring the treatment plan - More than 20% of the scalp in the sonication pathway is covered by scars, scalp disorders (e.g., eczema) or atrophy of the scalp - Clips or other metallic implanted objects in the sonication pathway, except shunts.

Which medical condition, disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury is researched?

Levodopa Induced Dyskinesia in Patients With Parkinson's Disease

Study Interventions

Interventions can include giving participants drugs, medical devices, procedures, vaccines, and other products that are either investigational or already available or noninvasive approaches such as surveys, education, and interviews.

Device:transcranial magnetic resonance guided focused ultrasound pallidotomyFocused ultrasound is an attractive method for non-invasive thermal ablation of soft tissue, including functional brain targets. Treatment begins by acquiring a series of MR images of the target organ. The physician then identifies a target volume in the MR images, and delineates the treatment contours on the images. Therapy planning software calculates the parameters required to effectively treat the defined target volume. During the treatment, an ultrasound transducer generates a point of focused ultrasound energy, called a sonication. The sonication raises the tissue temperature within a well-defined region, enabling neurophysiological assessment in the low range, and thermal coagulation at higher ranges. MR images acquired during sonication provide a quantitative, real-time temperature map of the target area to confirm the location of the sonication and the size of the affected region.

Study Arms

Research studies and clinical trials typically have two or more research arms. An arm is a group of people who receive the same treatment in the study.

dyskinesia of PDThe proposed study is to evaluate the safety and initial effectiveness of the ExAblate Transcranial MRI-guided focused ultrasound (MRgFUS) treatment of patients with dyskinesia of Parkinson's Disease (PD)

Study Status


Start Date: November 8, 2013

Completed Date: May 16, 2017

Phase: Phase 1

Type: Interventional


Primary Outcome: the unified dyskinesia rating scale (UdysRS) and UPDRS part IV

Secondary Outcome:

Study sponsors, principal investigator, and references

Principal Investigator:

Lead Sponsor: Yonsei University


More information:

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