Chronic Hepatitis B | Efficacy of Telbivudine With or Without add-on Tenofovir According to Roadmap Strategy Compare With Entecavir
Chronic Hepatitis B research study
What is the primary objective of this study?
Oral antiviral drugs which can be given to patients with HBeAg-positive chronic hepatitis B include Lamivudine, Clevudine, Adefovir, Telbivudine, Entecavir and Tenofovir. 2009 American Association for the Study of Liver Disease (AASLD) Treatment Guidelines and 2009 European association for the Study of the Liver (EASL) Treatment Guidelines recommend the administration of Entecavir or Tenofovir with high potency and low resistance. Lamivudine has low antiviral potency and high incidence of mutation in long-term administration compared to Entecavir or Tenofovir. Clevudine causes the elevated creatinine kinase (CK), side effects including myositis/myopathy and much mutation in the long-term administration. Globe study demonstrated Telbivudine had more excellent antiviral potency than Lamivudine, which was also comparable to or higher than Entecavir or Tenofovir. Nevertheless, the choice of treatment drugs can be limited due to the mutation rate of 25% for 2 years. However, the analysis of Globe study results showed that 2-year treatment progress was very good in patient who showed virologic response at 24 weeks after the initiation of treatment and that high antiviral potency and low mutation rate were observed when the Telbivudine roadmap strategy (in the event that virologic response is shown at 24 weeks, telbivudine monotherapy is maintained and in the event that virologic response is not shown, tenofovir add-on therapy is done) recently implemented and announced in 2011 Asian Pacific Association for the Study of the Liver (APASL) was applied. However, the study was single arm study, which restricted the comparison between Entecavir and Tenofovir monotherapy groups. Therefore, this study intends to compare the anti-viral effect and mutation rate between Entecavir 0.5mg monotherapy group and Telbivudine roadmap strategy group in patients with HBeAg-positive chronic hepatitis B through a randomized study.
Who is eligible to participate?
Inclusion Criteria: - Male or female, at least 18 years of age - Documented CHB defined by HBsAg or HBeAg positive at least 6 month prior - HBsAg positive at screening visit - HBeAg positive and Anti-HBe negative at screening visit - Serum HBV DNA 20,000~200,000,000 IU/mL as determined by Realtime PCR at screening visit - Serum ALT 80~400 IU/mL at screening visit - Patient is willing and able to comply with the study drug regimen and all other study requirements - Patient is willing and able to provide written informed consent to participate in the study Exclusion Criteria: - Patient has received interferon, pegylated interferon, nucleoside or nucleotide drugs at any time - Patient is co-infected with HCV, HDV, or HIV - Patient with Child Pugh B or C (Child Pugh score ≥ 7) - Patient has a history of or clinical signs/symptoms of hepatic decompensation such as ascites, esophageal variceal bleeding, hepatic encephalopathy - Patient has any of the following laboratory values at screening visit: - Hemoglobin <10 g/dL - Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) <1,500/mm3 - Platelet count <70,000/mm3 - Patient has a history of clinical and laboratory evidence of chronic renal insufficiency defined as an estimated serum creatinine clearance < 50 mL/min using the MDRD formula at screening visit - Patient is pregnant or breastfeeding - Patient with currently abusing illegal drugs or alcohol sufficient - Patient has organ transplantation - History of any other acute or chronic medical condition that in the opinion of the investigator would make the patient unsuitable for inclusion into the study - Patient has one or more additional known primary or secondary causes of liver disease, other than CHB, including steatohepatitis and autoimmune hepatitis - Patient, if AFP is >50ng/mL at screening visit, has image findings suggestive of HCC at Liver CT or Liver MRI - Patient with hypersensitivity for study drug
Which medical condition, disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury is researched?
Chronic Hepatitis B
Interventions can include giving participants drugs, medical devices, procedures, vaccines, and other products that are either investigational or already available or noninvasive approaches such as surveys, education, and interviews.
Drug:TelbivudineIf virologic response, which means HBV DNA < 50 IU/mL, is shown at 24 weeks, telbivudine monotherapy is maintained and in the event that virologic response is not shown, tenofovir add-on therapy is done
Drug:TenofovirIf virologic response, which means HBV DNA < 50 IU/mL, is shown at 24 weeks, telbivudine monotherapy is maintained and in the event that virologic response is not shown, tenofovir add-on therapy is done
Drug:EntecavirMaintain the entecavir through the study period
Research studies and clinical trials typically have two or more research arms. An arm is a group of people who receive the same treatment in the study.
Start Date: April 2012
Completed Date: December 2014
Phase: Phase 4
Primary Outcome: HBV DNA non-detectability
Secondary Outcome: HBV DNA non-detectability
Study sponsors, principal investigator, and references
Principal Investigator: Ki Tae Yoon, M.D.
Lead Sponsor: Pusan National University Yangsan Hospital