Central Nervous System Lymphoma | Methotrexate, Mannitol, Rituximab, and Carboplatin in Treating Patients With Newly Diagnosed Primary Central Nervous System Lymphoma
Central Nervous System Lymphoma research study
What is the primary objective of this study?
This phase I/II trial studies the side effects of methotrexate, mannitol, rituximab, and carboplatin and to see how well they work in treating patients with primary central nervous system lymphoma. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as methotrexate and carboplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Osmotic blood-brain barrier disruption uses mannitol to open the blood vessels around the brain and allow cancer-killing substances to be carried directly to the brain. Monoclonal antibodies, such as rituximab, may block cancer growth in different ways by targeting certain cells. Giving methotrexate, mannitol, rituximab, and carboplatin together may be an effective treatment for primary central nervous system lymphoma.
Who is eligible to participate?
Inclusion Criteria: - Subjects with histopathologic confirmation of intermediate or high-grade primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) as documented by brain biopsy, or cytology (analysis from cerebral spinal fluid [CSF] or vitrectomy), and cluster of differentiation 20 (CD20) positive; whenever possible, the tumor should be characterized by immunophenotype - Subjects must be =< 90 days from diagnosis of PCNSL in the brain or spine; time from pathologic diagnosis to initiation of treatment should be specified; subjects with history of only ocular lymphoma are eligible if < 90 days since documented brain parenchymal disease (by imaging or by biopsy) - Subjects must have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance score =< 3 (Karnofsky >= 30) - Hematocrit >= 25% (may be reached by transfusion) - White blood cell count >= 2.5 x 10^3/mm^3 - Absolute granulocyte count >= 1.2 x 10^3/mm^3 - Platelets >= 100 x 10^3/mm^3 (or >= lower limit of institutional normal value) - Calculated creatinine clearance (Cr Cl) >= 50 ml/min; eligible for full dose methotrexate - Calculated Cr Cl >= 30 ml/min; eligible for reduced dose methotrexate - Bilirubin =< 2.0 x upper limit of institutional normal value - The subject may have had other systemic chemotherapy for PCNSL during the 90 days since PCNSL diagnosis; prior systemic chemotherapy must have been given at least 4 weeks prior to study entry (6 weeks for nitrosourea agents), with the exceptions of methotrexate and rituximab which may have been given at least 10 days prior; ocular lymphoma treatment may have been given any time prior to study entry; if the subject has undergone treatment for parenchymal disease and the parenchymal disease has progressed on a stable or increasing dose of steroids, the subject is not eligible for enrollment - Sexually active women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study treatment and for the duration of study treatment; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately - Subjects with a bone marrow biopsy which shows microscopic, low-level involvement of lymphoma are eligible - Subject with seropositivity for hepatitis B or hepatitis C must be cleared by hepatology service prior to participating in treatment protocol Exclusion Criteria: - Prior cranial or spinal radiotherapy - Subjects with radiographic signs of excessive intra-cranial mass effect with associated rapid neurologic deterioration, and/or spinal block, are unsafe to undergo BBBD chemotherapy and are not eligible - Uncontrolled (over the last 30 days), clinically significant confounding medical conditions - Seropositivity for the human immunodeficiency virus - Systemic lymphoma - Subjects who have a positive serum human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), are pregnant or lactating are ineligible - Known allergy to any of the study agents - Subjects who are at significant risk for general anesthesia
Which medical condition, disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury is researched?
Central Nervous System Lymphoma
Interventions can include giving participants drugs, medical devices, procedures, vaccines, and other products that are either investigational or already available or noninvasive approaches such as surveys, education, and interviews.
Other:Laboratory Biomarker AnalysisCorrelative studies
Other:Quality-of-Life AssessmentAncillary studies
Drug:Sodium ThiosulfateGiven IV
Research studies and clinical trials typically have two or more research arms. An arm is a group of people who receive the same treatment in the study.
Treatment (rituximab, mannitol, methotrexate, carboplatin)Patients receive rituximab IV over 5 hours on day 1, mannitol IA, methotrexate IA over 10 minutes, and carboplatin IA over 10 minutes on days 2 and 3. Patients then receive sodium thiosulfate IV over 15 minutes at 4 and 8 hours after carboplatin. Treatment repeats monthly for up to 12 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Start Date: October 2005
Completed Date: January 2020
Phase: Phase 1/Phase 2
Primary Outcome: CR rate (Phase II)
Secondary Outcome: Event-free survival
Study sponsors, principal investigator, and references
Principal Investigator: Edward Neuwelt
Lead Sponsor: OHSU Knight Cancer Institute
Collaborator: National Cancer Institute (NCI)