Urinary Urgency | Efficacy and Safety of Gabapentin in Treating Overactive Bladder
Urinary Urgency research study
What is the primary objective of this study?
Overactive bladder (OAB) syndrome as defined by International Continence Society is a pathological condition characterized by irritative symptoms: urinary urgency, with or without incontinence, urinary frequency and nocturia. The syndrome often seriously compromises the quality of life of the patients. The etiology of the OAB is considered multifactorial. Neural plasticity of bladder afferent pathways is one of the proposed mechanisms of OAB. The detrusor muscle itself has for many years been the target for drug treatment such as antimuscarinics. However, depression of detrusor contractility, may results in a reduced ability to empty the bladder and lead to some sympathetic adverse effects, which limits the treatment of OAB. Currently the focus of OAB treatment has changed to other bladder structures/mechanisms, such as afferent nerves and urothelial signaling as targets for intervention. C-fiber bladder afferents nerves may be critical for symptom generation in pathologic states such as OAB because these fibers demonstrate remarkable plasticity. Up-regulation of bladder C-fiber afferent nerve function may also play a role in urge incontinence, overactive bladder (OAB) and sensory urgency. The mechanism of Gabapentin's action for neuropathic pain has not been fully elucidated but is appears to have inhibitory activity on afferent C-fibers nerve activity; moreover, several studies had established the safety of Gabapentin in its treatment of different conditions. Due to the proposed mechanism, the investigators suggest that Gabapentin may be a new alternative for treating OAB.
Who is eligible to participate?
Inclusion Criteria: - Ambulatory and able to use the toilet without difficulty - History of OAB symptoms for ≥ 3 months - An average of ≥ 8 micturitions per 24 hours and ≥ 1 urgency episode (with or without incontinence) per 24 hours as documented in a 3-day micturition diary - Subjects are bothered by symptoms as reflected by OAB-questionnaire Exclusion Criteria: - Patient has stress or mixed incontinence - Patient has Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia with severe lower urinary tract symptoms based on IPSS score - Patient has uncontrolled Diabetes Mellitus Type II Patient has Diabetes Insipidus, UTI - Patient has history of interstitial cystitis, painful bladder syndrome, or chronic pelvic pain - Patient has a history of stroke, seizures, or major neurological disorders - Patient has a history of fecal incontinence and or continual urine leakage - Patient has had surgery to correct stress urinary incontinence or pelvic organ prolapse within 6 months of study start - Patient received bladder training of electrostimulation within 2 weeks of study start - Patient requires a catheter - Patient is taking medications that cannot be stopped for the duration of the trial including certain anticholinergics or smooth muscle relaxants - Patient began taking tricyclic antidepressants, serotonin/norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors, calcium channel blockers, ephedrine/pseudoephedrine, or diuretic therapy less than 8 weeks before study start - Patient has been on hormone replacement therapy for less than 12 weeks at study start - Patient must take medication for arrhythmia, contraindicated for Solifenacin or Gabapentin - Patient has multiple and/or severe allergies to foods and drugs - Patient regularly uses any illegal drugs
Which medical condition, disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury is researched?
Detrusor Uninhibited Activity
Quality of Life
Interventions can include giving participants drugs, medical devices, procedures, vaccines, and other products that are either investigational or already available or noninvasive approaches such as surveys, education, and interviews.
Drug:Gabapentin100mg/capsule initially one capsule once a day then titrate according to the symptoms of the patient upto maximum dose of 1500mg/day
Drug:Solifenacin Succinate5mg/tablet initially 1 tablet once a day then titrate up to maximum dose of 10mg/tab
Drug:Placebo drugswill titrate medications similar to the active drug group
Research studies and clinical trials typically have two or more research arms. An arm is a group of people who receive the same treatment in the study.
GabapentinTwo to three months of behavioral therapy prior to start of Gabapentin 100mg/capsule, initially 1 capsule once a day for 1 week then titrate dosage according to symptoms until maximum dose of 1500mg/day Placebo tablet of Solifenacin Succinate will titrate dose same as Solifenacin arm according to symptoms of patient
Solifenacin SuccinateTwo to three months of behavioral therapy prior to Solifenacin Succinate 5mg/tablet initially 1 tablet once a day then titrate dosage according to symptoms upto maximum dose of 10mg/day Placebo form of Gabapentin will titrate dosage same as Gabapentin group according to symptoms of patient
PlaceboTwo to three months of behavioral therapy prior to Placebo form of Gabapentin and Solifenacin and titrate accordingly same as the treatment arms
Start Date: October 2010
Completed Date: January 2015
Phase: Phase 2/Phase 3
Primary Outcome: improvement of symptom domain means decreased frequency to less than 8 micturitions per 24 hours, no urgency noted per 24 hrs and less that 3 wakening at bedtime for micturation.
Secondary Outcome: Improvement of bladder function domain means increased bladder capacity (MVV)
Study sponsors, principal investigator, and references
Principal Investigator: Marcelino L Morales JR, MD
Lead Sponsor: Michael E. Chua
Collaborator: St. Luke's Medical Center, Philippines