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Peptic Ulcer Bleeding | The Efficacy of Double Doses of Oral Esomeprazole in Preventing Rebleeding for Patients With Bleeding Peptic Ulcers

Peptic Ulcer Bleeding research study

What is the primary objective of this study?

Patients with comorbidities have an increased risk of ulcer re-bleeding, especially within the 14 days after first bleeding event. Three-day high dose esomeprazole infusion can prevent peptic ulcer rebleeding after endoscopic therapy. However, the optimal dose of oral esomeprazole is uncertain, especially for high risky patients. This study is to test whether a double dose of oral esomprazole could reduce peptic ulcer rebleeding for patients with Rockall score ≥ 6. Additionally, the second aim of this prospective study was to identify the selection criteria to predict poor fading and residual major stigmata of recent hemorrhage (SRH) or early recurrent bleeding after successful endoscopic hemostasis and high-dose PPI infusion.

Who is eligible to participate?

Inclusion Criteria: - Patients who received gastroscopy for melena, hematochezia, or hematemesis in whom bleeding peptic ulcers with major stigmata of recent hemorrhage are detected are consecutively enrolled. All of these major SRH are treated by local injection of diluted epinephrine 1:10000 with or without combined therapy with a heater probe, argon plasma coagulation, band ligation, or hemoclip therapy. Exclusion Criteria: - Patients are excluded if they had tumor bleeding or ulcer bleeding due to mechanical factors (i.e., gastrostomy tube induction), warfarin use, failure to establish hemostasis under gastroscopy, or hypersensitivity to esomeprazole or any component of the formulation.

Which medical condition, disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury is researched?

Peptic Ulcer Bleeding

Study Interventions

Interventions can include giving participants drugs, medical devices, procedures, vaccines, and other products that are either investigational or already available or noninvasive approaches such as surveys, education, and interviews.

Drug:esomeprazole (Nexium®, AstraZeneca AB, Södertälje, Sweden)Each enrolled patient receives an 80 mg loading dose of intravenous esomeprazole (Nexium®, AstraZeneca AB, Södertälje, Sweden) immediately after hemostasis was achieved spontaneously or by gastroscopy. Patients then received a 3-day continuous high dose (8 mg per hour) of esomeprazole infusion. Then, patients with Rockall score >=6 are randomized into the double oral dose group and the regular oral dose group. Patients with Rockall score <6 are assigned to the control group. In the double oral dose group, patients receive 40 mg oral esomeprazole twice daily for 11 days and followed by 40 mg once daily for 14 days. In the other two groups, patients receive 40 mg oral esomeprazole 40 mg once daily for 25 days.

Study Arms

Research studies and clinical trials typically have two or more research arms. An arm is a group of people who receive the same treatment in the study.

Double oral doseEach enrolled patient receives an 80 mg loading dose of intravenous esomeprazole (Nexium®, AstraZeneca AB, Södertälje, Sweden) immediately after hemostasis was achieved spontaneously or by gastroscopy. Patients then received a 3-day continuous high dose (8 mg per hour) of esomeprazole infusion. Then, patients receive 40 mg oral esomeprazole twice daily for 11 days and followed by 40 mg once daily for 14 days.

Regular oral doseEach enrolled patient receives an 80 mg loading dose of intravenous esomeprazole (Nexium®, AstraZeneca AB, Södertälje, Sweden) immediately after hemostasis was achieved spontaneously or by gastroscopy. Patients then received a 3-day continuous high dose (8 mg per hour) of esomeprazole infusion. Then, patients receive 40 mg oral esomeprazole once daily for 25 days.

Control groupEach enrolled patient receives an 80 mg loading dose of intravenous esomeprazole (Nexium®, AstraZeneca AB, Södertälje, Sweden) immediately after hemostasis was achieved spontaneously or by gastroscopy. Patients then received a 3-day continuous high dose (8 mg per hour) of esomeprazole infusion. Then, patients receive 40 mg oral esomeprazole once daily for 25 days.

Study Status

Completed

Start Date: August 2011

Completed Date: July 2014

Phase: Phase 4

Type: Interventional

Design:

Primary Outcome: recurrent bleeding

Secondary Outcome: the length of hospitalization

Study sponsors, principal investigator, and references

Principal Investigator: Bor-Shyang Sheu, MD

Lead Sponsor: National Cheng-Kung University Hospital

Collaborator: National Science Council, Taiwan

More information:https://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT01591083

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