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Pain | Bupivacaine Pain Pumps to Decrease Mastectomy Post-Operative Pain

Pain research study

What is the primary objective of this study?

This double-blind, randomized, controlled clinical trial comparing patient-reported pain and pain medication/narcotic use between patients randomized to treatment (bupivacaine) or placebo (saline) delivered via pain pump to the mastectomy site. Candidates will have chosen to have a mastectomy on one side immediately followed with tissue expander placement breast reconstruction. Patients will be randomized 1:1 to bupivacaine- (treatment) or saline-(placebo) filled percutaneously-placed pain pumps; neither the participants nor the study staff will know participants' treatment. Data on patient-perceived pain and pain medication use will be collected before surgery, during surgery, and after surgery on Days 1, 2, 3, 7, and 90, and at Years 2 and 4 by phone. The investigators hypothesize that patients randomized to the treatment (bupivacaine) group will have significantly lower pain scores and use less pain medicine than patients who receive placebo during the first 90 days following their surgery. The Year 2 and Year 4 follow-ups are included as tertiary endpoints to capture differences in chronic pain, and patients will be asked to complete the same questionnaires as at the Day 90 follow up.

Who is eligible to participate?

Inclusion Criteria: - Be Female aged 18-100 years. - Choose unilateral mastectomy followed by immediate tissue expander breast reconstruction. - Have no inflammatory breast cancers. - Be aware of the nature of her malignancy. - Understand the study purpose, requirements, and risks. - Be able and willing to give informed consent. Exclusion Criteria: - Any concurrent narcotic analgesic use (baseline narcotic use must be 0 to be eligible). - Axillary lymph node dissection related to qualifying mastectomy.

Which medical condition, disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury is researched?

Pain

Study Interventions

Interventions can include giving participants drugs, medical devices, procedures, vaccines, and other products that are either investigational or already available or noninvasive approaches such as surveys, education, and interviews.

Drug:BupivacaineUp to 300cc of 0.5% bupivacaine administered to the mastectomy site via 2 catheters connected to the Symbios GOPump at a rate of 2 cc per hour per catheter over 3 days.

Drug:SalineUp to 300cc of normal saline administered to the mastectomy site via 2 catheters connected to the Symbios GOPump at a rate of 2 cc per hour per catheter over 3 days.

Study Arms

Research studies and clinical trials typically have two or more research arms. An arm is a group of people who receive the same treatment in the study.

Bupivacaine (Treatment) GroupThe Symbios GOPump is the Food and Drug Administration-approved delivery device used to infuse the bupivacaine. The pump is attached to catheters placed in the patient's breast reconstruction site. A 10cm long 16-guage needle is provided to aid insertion of the catheter into the patient. The entire catheter will pass through the bore of the introducer needle. A 60cc syringe is used to fill the Symbios GOPump through the fill port. After filling the 60cc syringe with up to 300cc of 0.5% bupivacaine, the syringe is attached to the port and the medication injected into the infusion pump. The steady-flow pressure regulator maintains a constant 6 psi pressure in the outflow chamber ensuring a uniform flow of medication through each catheter inserted into the Symbios GOPump.

Saline (Placebo) GroupThe Symbios GOPump is the Food and Drug Administration-approved delivery device used to infuse the saline. The pump is attached to catheters placed in the patient's breast reconstruction site. A 10cm long 16-guage needle is provided to aid insertion of the catheter into the patient. The entire catheter will pass through the bore of the introducer needle. A 60cc syringe is used to fill the Symbios GOPump through the fill port. After filling the 60cc syringe with up to 300cc of normal saline, the syringe is attached to the port and the medication injected into the infusion pump. The steady-flow pressure regulator maintains a constant 6 psi pressure in the outflow chamber ensuring a uniform flow of medication through each catheter inserted into the Symbios GOPump.

Study Status

Withdrawn

Start Date: January 2016

Completed Date: September 2017

Phase: Phase 4

Type: Interventional

Design:

Primary Outcome: Differences in post-operative static and moving pain scores between patients randomized either to bupivacaine- (treatment) or saline- (placebo) filled, percutaneously-placed pain pump analgesic administration for post-operative pain control.

Secondary Outcome: Document long-term changes in QOL scores between patients randomized either to bupivacaine- (treatment) or saline- (placebo) filled, percutaneously-placed pain pump analgesic administration for post-operative pain control.

Study sponsors, principal investigator, and references

Principal Investigator:

Lead Sponsor: Johns Hopkins University

Collaborator:

More information:https://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT01494259

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