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Coronary Heart Disease | Platelet Inhibitory Effect of Clopidogrel in Patients Treated With Omeprazole, Pantoprazole, or Famotidine

Coronary Heart Disease research study

What is the primary objective of this study?

Current guidelines recommend the addition of proton pump inhibitors (PPI) to patients taking double anti-platelet therapy (Aspirin and Clopidogrel) to prevent upper GI bleeding1. Many post percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) patients are treated with dual anti-platelet medications as well as PPI to prevent upper GI bleeding. Recently, it was shown that PPI interact with the P450 system in the liver and reduce the platelet inhibitory effect of Clopidogrel2,3. Clopidogrel is activated by CYP2C19, which also metabolizes PPI4. Furthermore, a recent article showed increased mortality in patients taking PPI and clopidogrel compared with patients taking clopidogrel without PPI protection5. The degree of reduction in the platelet inhibitory properties of clopidogrel might vary among the different PPI4. The use of PPI for GI protection in patients treated with dual anti-platelet therapy is not based on randomized trials, but rather on expert opinion. Since H2 blockers are also effective in preventing acid secretion and are not known to interact with the P450 system that affects clopidogrel, the investigators hypothesized that these group of drugs will not interfere with the positive antiplatelet effects of clopidogrel and therefore will offer a good alternative treatment option.

Who is eligible to participate?

Inclusion Criteria: 1. Subject is at least 18 years old. 2. Subject is willing to comply with pre-specified follow-up evaluation and can be contacted by telephone. 3. Use of Clopidogrel (>=75mg) and Aspirin(>=75mg) for at least 1 month. Exclusion Criteria: 1. Known allergy to PPI of H2 blockers 2. Known thrombocytopenia or thrombocytopathia 3. Subject is currently enrolled in another investigational study of a new drug, biologic or device at the time of study screening. NOTE: Subjects who are participating in the long term follow-up phase of a previously investigational and now FDA-approved product are not excluded by this criterion. 4. Subject with symptomatic heart failure of LVEF ≤ 25% 5. Acute myocardial infarction within the past 30 days. 6. No acute inflammatory event during the past month (e.g. infection, autoimmune or acute coronary event) 7. Concurrent medical condition with a life expectancy of less than 12 months. 8. Known severe renal failure (serum creatinine level >2.5 mg/dl). 9. History of bleeding diathesis or coagulopathy or inability or unwillingness to receive blood transfusions. 10. Evidence of active gastrointestinal bleeding or a history of such bleeding that is not known to have been treated and proven to have resolved. 11. History of hepatitis (viral, ischemic or chemically-induced); clinical jaundice, history of cirrhosis. 12. Patient treated with anticoagulant medication (Coumadin, LMWH)

Which medical condition, disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury is researched?

Coronary Heart Disease

GI Bleeding

Study Interventions

Interventions can include giving participants drugs, medical devices, procedures, vaccines, and other products that are either investigational or already available or noninvasive approaches such as surveys, education, and interviews.

Drug:omeprazole, 20mg twice dailyEach patient will undergo 3 phases of drug therapy: A- 4 weeks of PPI treatment (omeprazole, 20mg twice daily)) B- 4 weeks of H2 blocker treatment (famotidine 40mg twice daily) C- 4 weeks of PPI treatment (pantoprazole 40mg once daily). At the end of each phase- each patient will undergo the following evaluation: Platelet reactivity

Drug:famotidine 40mg twice dailyEach patient will undergo 3 phases of drug therapy: A- 4 weeks of PPI treatment (omeprazole, 20mg twice daily)) B- 4 weeks of H2 blocker treatment (famotidine 40mg twice daily) C- 4 weeks of PPI treatment (pantoprazole 40mg once daily). At the end of each phase- each patient will undergo the following evaluation: Platelet reactivity

Drug:pantoprazole 40mg once dailyEach patient will undergo 3 phases of drug therapy: A- 4 weeks of PPI treatment (omeprazole, 20mg twice daily)) B- 4 weeks of H2 blocker treatment (famotidine 40mg twice daily) C- 4 weeks of PPI treatment (pantoprazole 40mg once daily). At the end of each phase- each patient will undergo the following evaluation: Platelet reactivity

Study Arms

Research studies and clinical trials typically have two or more research arms. An arm is a group of people who receive the same treatment in the study.

4 weeks of omeprazole, 20mg twice dailyEach patient will undergo 3 phases of drug therapy: A- 4 weeks of PPI treatment (omeprazole, 20mg twice daily)) B- 4 weeks of H2 blocker treatment (famotidine 40mg twice daily) C- 4 weeks of PPI treatment (pantoprazole 40mg once daily). At the end of each phase- each patient will undergo the following evaluation: Platelet reactivity

4 weeks of famotidine 40mg twice dailyEach patient will undergo 3 phases of drug therapy: A- 4 weeks of PPI treatment (omeprazole, 20mg twice daily)) B- 4 weeks of H2 blocker treatment (famotidine 40mg twice daily) C- 4 weeks of PPI treatment (pantoprazole 40mg once daily). At the end of each phase- each patient will undergo the following evaluation: Platelet reactivity

4 weeks of pantoprazole 40mg once dailyEach patient will undergo 3 phases of drug therapy: A- 4 weeks of PPI treatment (omeprazole, 20mg twice daily)) B- 4 weeks of H2 blocker treatment (famotidine 40mg twice daily) C- 4 weeks of PPI treatment (pantoprazole 40mg once daily). At the end of each phase- each patient will undergo the following evaluation: Platelet reactivity

Study Status

Completed

Start Date: August 2009

Completed Date: August 2011

Phase: Phase 4

Type: Interventional

Design:

Primary Outcome: Platelet function as assessed by a CPA system

Secondary Outcome:

Study sponsors, principal investigator, and references

Principal Investigator: Shmuel Banai, MD

Lead Sponsor: Tel-Aviv Sourasky Medical Center

Collaborator: Tel Aviv Medical Center

More information:https://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00950339

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