Locally Advanced Malignant Neoplasm | Study of Propranolol in Newly Diagnosed Breast Cancer Patients Undergoing Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy
Locally Advanced Malignant Neoplasm research study
What is the primary objective of this study?
This study is being conducted in patients with newly diagnosed breast cancer that will be undergoing chemotherapy prior to surgery - neoadjuvant chemotherapy. The study involves treatment with standard chemotherapy and a commonly used, FDA-approved, blood pressure drug called propranolol (Inderal). The purposes of this study are to: 1. Determine the effect of propranolol plus chemotherapy on breast cancer cells as well as the growth of blood vessels surrounding breast cancer cells. 2. Determine the side effect profile of propranolol and chemotherapy in patients with breast cancer receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy. This research is being done because previous laboratory work has shown that propranolol may decrease the ability for the blood vessels around breast cancer cells to grow, which may be important in helping cancer cells grow. It also may reduce the likelihood for breast cancer cells to spread. If changes are seen in the breast cancer cells and surrounding blood vessels in this study, we will pan to evaluate whether propranolol decreases the likelihood of breast cancer from recurring in future, later studies. All chemotherapy regimens used in this study have been the standard of care for many years; however, the use of propranolol is being researched along with the chemotherapy regimens.
Who is eligible to participate?
Inclusion Criteria: - English or Spanish speaking women age ≥18 - Heart Rate > 60 bpm - Systolic Blood Pressure > 100 mm/Hg - Deemed eligible to receive neoadjuvant chemotherapy with 12 cycles of weekly taxane therapy (paclitaxel 80mg/m2 or Abraxane 100 mg/m2 if there is a shortage of paclitaxel) followed by 4 cycles of Adriamycin (60mg/m2) and cyclophosphamide (600 mg/m2) given every 2 weeks with growth-factor support. - Echocardiogram (ECHO) or multiple-gated acquisition scan (MUGA) with ejection fraction > 50%. - Patients with hormone receptor +/- and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 protein (HER2) +/- breast cancer are eligible - If a patient has HER2-positive breast cancer, Herceptin and Perjeta will be given along with taxane therapy - Any stage invasive breast cancer provided the primary breast tumor size is ≥ 1 cm - Agree to participate in research blood collection at 4 different time periods (20 ml = 4 teaspoons) - Agree to the evaluation of already collected core biopsy, as well as surgical resection tissue, for predictive biomarkers. The biopsy prior to Taxol #1 is optional. Exclusion Criteria: - Patients failing to meet the inclusion criteria - Corrected QT interval (QTc) prolongation as defined by > 470 milliseconds on electrocardiogram (ECG) - First-degree Atrioventricular (AV) block on ECG in which P-R interval lengthened > 200 milliseconds; Second Degree; or Third Degree - On beta-blocker treatment. If discontinued, patients must have been off beta-blockers for at least 3 months. - History of asthma, given concern for β-blockade in this population
Which medical condition, disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury is researched?
Locally Advanced Malignant Neoplasm
Interventions can include giving participants drugs, medical devices, procedures, vaccines, and other products that are either investigational or already available or noninvasive approaches such as surveys, education, and interviews.
Drug:PropranololPropranolol starting dose is 20mg b.i.d.; propranolol dose is up-titrated to 40mg b.i.d. to 80 mg daily with chemotherapy depending on tolerability. Tolerability is assessed every 2 weeks.
Other:DOT imaging(Non-experimental) During the baseline visit, you will undergo DOT evaluation of your tumor for determination of blood, fat, and water content in the affected and unaffected breast. DOT readings will be obtained at 4 additional time points: after paclitaxel week #3, before AC week #1, before AC week #3, and prior to surgery.
Drug:Paclitaxel(Non-experimental) given as a one-hour intravenous infusion (IV) every week for a total of 12 weeks; the first dose of paclitaxel may be given over 90 minutes, per the discretion of your treating doctor. The dose will be given in 80 mg/m2 based on individual body surface area (BSA). This drug is given through a vein in the arm or a catheter (eg. Infusaport, Portacath).
Drug:Nab-paclitaxel(Non-experimental) In the event paclitaxel is not available due to manufacturing and supply shortages, nab-paclitaxel will be substituted for paclitaxel. The dose is 100 mg/m2 IV infusion over 30 minutes weekly (or institutional standard). No premedications are given with nab-paclitaxel.
Drug:Trastuzumab(Non-experimental) (only if HER2-positive): Trastuzumab is given as an IV infusion initially over 90 minutes for the first dose, then 30-60 minutes every 3 weeks in subsequent doses if well tolerated. To be given every 3 weeks with paclitaxel/propranolol.
Drug:Pertuzumab(Non-experimental) (only if HER2-positive): Pertuzumab is given as an IV infusion over 60 minutes on the first dose, then 30-60 minutes every 3 weeks if well tolerated. To be given every 3 weeks with paclitaxel/propranolol.
Drug:Doxorubicin(Non-experimental) Doxorubicin will be given as a 510 minute intravenous infusion (IV) in a dose of 60 mg/m2; cyclophosphamide will be given as a 3060 minutes intravenous infusion (IV) in a dose of 600 mg/m2 based on BSA. This chemotherapy regimen will be given every 2 weeks for total of 8 weeks or 2 months.
Drug:Cyclophosphamide(Non-experimental) Doxorubicin 60 mg/m2 IV over 5-10 minutes, Cyclophosphamide 600 mg/m2 IV infusion over 30-60 minutes. The first cycle should be initiated with 3 weeks after the last paclitaxel and/or trastuzumab/pertuzumab dose.
Procedure:SurgeryAfter you complete all chemotherapy plus propranolol treatment, you will then have surgery to remove the breast tumor if your doctor feels that it is medically appropriate (if you have had a good response to the treatment) - lumpectomy/mastectomy.
Drug:PremedicationAs premedication to prevent some of the side effects associated with paclitaxel, you will also receive dexamethasone (Decadron) in a dose of 10 mg, diphenhydramine (Benadryl) in doses of 2550 mg, and an H2 blocker (eg. ranitidine 50 mg or equivalent) 3060 minutes before each paclitaxel infusion. If no hypersensitivity reactions are experienced, dexamethasone may be reduced in increments of 2 mg per week per dose (until a minimum of 2 mg has been reached).
Drug:Anti-nausea therapyIn addition to doxorubicin, you will receive an anti-nausea therapy and dexamethasone about 3060 minutes before AC chemotherapy.
Drug:PegfilgrastimWhen you receive the AC chemotherapy, you will also receive treatment with a drug called pegfilgrastim (Neulasta). Neulasta is a commercially available drug. It stimulates the production of white blood cells and reduces the likelihood of developing a low white blood cell count and fever after chemotherapy. It will be given as an injection under the skin on the day after each chemotherapy treatment (day 2).
Research studies and clinical trials typically have two or more research arms. An arm is a group of people who receive the same treatment in the study.
Propranolol + Neoadjuvant ChemotherapySubjects will receive 2 types of chemotherapy regimens plus propranolol treatment. Regimen I, involves paclitaxel (may be substituted with nab-paclitaxel; maybe given with premedication), and Regimen II involves doxorubicin (maybe given with anti-nausea therapy) and cyclophosphamide (maybe given with Pegfilgrastim). If your tumor is HER2 positive, you will also receive trastuzumab and pertuzumab. After you complete all chemotherapy plus propranolol treatment, you will then have surgery to remove the breast tumor. DOT imaging will be done at 4 additional time points, including beo.
Active, not recruiting
Start Date: October 2012
Completed Date: December 2018
Phase: Phase 2
Primary Outcome: Percentage of patients compliant with taking > 80% take the drug while on chemotherapy.
Secondary Outcome: Number of Patients with Adverse Events
Study sponsors, principal investigator, and references
Principal Investigator: Kevin M. Kalinsky, MD, MS
Lead Sponsor: Columbia University