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Burn | The Effects of Therapeutic Resources on Structure and Function of Normal and Burned Skin

Burn research study

What is the primary objective of this study?

Burning produces changes in the biomechanical properties of the skin causing limitation of movement. The increase in skin suppleness is very important in the rehabilitation process, since its increase makes therapeutic interventions aimed at increasing the range of motion, thus improving functional pattern. Will be evaluated 60 volunteers of both sexes aged 20-80 years seen at the Burns Unit of the Clinical Hospital of the Faculty of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto. There will be a traditional physical therapy evaluation as well as evaluation of the specific characteristics of the burn and scar. The temperature of the region will be assessed by thermography, and biophysical parameters and biomechanical skin evaluated by Cutometer and their accessory probes (mexameter, reviscometer, sebometer) before, immediately after and 10, 20 and 30 minutes of application of therapeutic resources. Volunteers will undergo continuous application of ultrasound with 3 MHz and intensity of 1 W/cm2 in the region due to scar deep second degree burn or third degree, and the application time of 2 minutes for each effective radiation area of the head (ERA) in a predetermined region of 9X5 cm a total of 4 minutes of application, therapy paraffin 20 minutes and 4 minutes endermology negative pressure between 100 and 200mmHg, in a continuous mode with glass head (1.5cm in diameter .) Applications will be set by random draw (design crusader cross-over) with an interval of 7 days between applications (wash-out). The data will be submitted to analysis of normality by the Shapiro-Wilk test, and the behavior of the effect between groups and pre-and post-intervention will be evaluated by two-way ANOVA followed by post-hoc (Bonferroni) or Friedman, p <0.05

Who is eligible to participate?

Inclusion Criteria: - Victims of deep second degree burns and third degree with a length of at least 1% of body surface area burned - Postoperative graft skin (4 and 6 months) - Anywhere in the body that has area to uninjured contralateral control - Good state of physical and mental health - Aged between 20 and 80 years - Both genders - Irrespective of race, class or social group Exclusion Criteria: - Volunteers with illnesses or deformities that may interfere with evaluation and procedures - Volunteers which do not accept signing the Instrument of Consent and do not meet the inclusion criteria

Which medical condition, disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury is researched?

Burn

Skin Graft

Study Interventions

Interventions can include giving participants drugs, medical devices, procedures, vaccines, and other products that are either investigational or already available or noninvasive approaches such as surveys, education, and interviews.

Device:ultrasound

Device:paraffin

Device:endermotherapy

Study Arms

Research studies and clinical trials typically have two or more research arms. An arm is a group of people who receive the same treatment in the study.

Ultrasound groupTherapeutic ultrasound, 3 MHz, continuous with intensity 1W/cm2 will be applied to the selected region (burn scar deep 2nd degree or 3rd degree, grafted) with exposure time of 2 minutes for each effective radiation area head (ERA), a total of 4 minutes of application in an area of 9X5 cm, and the application parameters with a matched control side of the patient, in a region with contralateral uninjured skin.

Group paraffinParaffin therapy is heated with thermostat own equipment, being applied to the selected region (burn scar deep 2nd degree or 3rd degree, grafted) and control (uninjured), with a length of 9X5 cm, at a temperature of 38 ° C with appropriate brush in layers (4 layers), remaining for 20 minutes. After the period of application of paraffin will be removed and discarded, with no reuse.

Ultrasound group + endermotherapyTherapeutic ultrasound, 3 MHz, continuous with intensity 1W/cm2 will be applied to the selected region (burn scar deep 2nd degree or 3rd degree, grafted) with exposure time of 2 minutes for each effective radiation area head (ERA), a total of 4 minutes of application in an area of 9X5 cm. The application of endermotherapy will be held shortly after the therapeutic ultrasound in a timely manner across the surface of the scar, for about 2 seconds per head area with a negative pressure between 100-200 mmHg, a total of 4 minutes application in an area of 9 x 5 cm. The same application parameters will be performed with one hand matched control patient, in a region with contralateral uninjured skin.

Group paraffin + endermotherapyParaffin therapy is heated with thermostat own equipment, being applied to the selected region (burn scar deep 2nd degree or 3rd degree, grafted) and control (uninjured), with a length of 9X5 cm, at a temperature of 38 ° C with appropriate brush in layers (4 layers), remaining for 20 minutes. After the period of application of paraffin will be removed and discarded, with no reuse.The application of endermotherapy will be held shortly after the paraffin therapy in a timely manner across the surface of the scar, for about 2 seconds per head area with a negative pressure between 100-200 mmHg, a total of 4 minutes application in an area of 9 x 5 cm. The same application parameters will be performed with one hand matched control patient, in a region with contralateral uninjured skin.

Study Status

Unknown status

Start Date: June 2012

Completed Date: March 2016

Phase: N/A

Type: Interventional

Design:

Primary Outcome: Elasticity of skin and scar

Secondary Outcome: Erythema of skin and scar

Study sponsors, principal investigator, and references

Principal Investigator: Elaine Guirro, PhD

Lead Sponsor: University of Sao Paulo

Collaborator:

More information:https://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT02185950

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