Suicide | School-based Comprehensive Suicide Intervention in Shanghai, China
Suicide research study
What is the primary objective of this study?
The primary aim of this study is to examine whether a school-based suicide intervention is effective in reducing suicide related risk factors in a population of middle and high students. It hypothesized that receiving the intervention will reduce the severity of suicide related risk factors such as depression, hopelessness, suicidal behaviors and increasing protective factors such as social support, self esteem, suicide knowledge and attitude and so on, as compared to the control group.
Who is eligible to participate?
Inclusion Criteria: - students of grade 6,7,9,10 from four schools (2 middle schools, 2 high schools) Exclusion Criteria: - students who are not attending school because of long term sickness or moving to other school,or going aboard, etc. - students whose parents don't agree to participate the study
Which medical condition, disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury is researched?
Interventions can include giving participants drugs, medical devices, procedures, vaccines, and other products that are either investigational or already available or noninvasive approaches such as surveys, education, and interviews.
Behavioral:suicide interventionuniversal intervention:(1)students: 4 sections about cherishing life, coping strategies, suicide and depression disorder during 2 semesters, each session lasting 45 minutes.(2)gatekeeper: 4 sessions about teenagers psychological crisis intervention strategies during 2 semesters, 30minutes per session. indicated intervention: (1)student: 2 semesters, 20 sessions' group life skill and cognitive-behavioral psychological training lesson, including Youth rational emotive group tutoring(eight classroom sessions), Coping skill group tutoring(six classroom sessions)and Behavior group tutoring(six classroom sessions), once a week, each session lasting 1.5hours.(2)gatekeeper: a social support net.
Research studies and clinical trials typically have two or more research arms. An arm is a group of people who receive the same treatment in the study.
study group1500 students are randomized to receive a universal suicide intervention apart from usual school psychology classes. Furthermore, high risk of suicidal students screened in study group will receive an indicated suicide intervention in addition to usual school psychology classes.
control group1500 students are randomized to receive usual school psychology classes. High risk of suicidal students screened in control group will receive usual psychology classes.
Start Date: February 2011
Completed Date: December 2012
Primary Outcome: students' score of mediating factors and suicide behaviors
Secondary Outcome: students' score of suicide knowledge and attitude
Study sponsors, principal investigator, and references
Lead Sponsor: Shanghai Mental Health Center
Collaborator: Shanghai Pu Dong Institute of Education Development