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Neurocardiogenic Syncope | Cardioneuroablation for Neurocardiogenic Syncope

Neurocardiogenic Syncope research study

What is the primary objective of this study?

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of cardioneuroablation for the treatment of neurocardiogenic syncope (NCS), also known as \"vaso-vagal\" syncope. Syncope is a general term for passing out spells and neurocardiogenic syncope is a specific form of passing out spells caused by sudden drops in heart rate or blood pressure. Although the specific mechanisms of NCS are not well understood, it is believed that some people are prone to developing passing out spells in specific situations such as standing up for a long period of time, pain or nausea. In these situations, the body reacts with a paradoxical reflex which leads to a drop in blood pressure and heart rate and causes passing out. Certain types of medications are used to treat NCS including beta-blockers, midodrine and florinef, among others. However, none of these medications are particularly effective at preventing passing out spells and many people continue to have episodes despite trying different medications. Cardioneuroablation is a new form of treatment for NCS. The term ablation means using a wire to make small electrical burns in the heart. Ablation has been used for many years to treat other electrical disturbances in the heart but the use of ablation to treat NCS is a new application. The goal of cardioneuroablation is to identify areas within the heart which are believed to initiate the reflex which triggers the drop in heart rate and blood pressure that leads to passing out. In preliminary studies, it has been suggested that cardioneuroablation may be significantly more effective than medications at preventing passing out spells for people with NCS. Hypothesis: Cardioneuroablation of vagal inputs in the left atrium may serve as an effective treatment modality for the prevention of NCS by blunting the initial trigger of the cascade that leads to symptoms and syncope.

Who is eligible to participate?

Inclusion Criteria: - Subject is able and willing to sign and date the Patient Consent Form - Subject is 18 years of age or older - Subject is expected to remain available for the follow-up protocol - Subject is willing to comply with the follow-up procedures - Subject has medically documented history of neurocardiogenic syncope - Subject has had 3 episodes of syncope or presyncope in last 12 months - Subject has had a positive tilt table test, defined as the presence of syncope or presyncope associated with abrupt hypotension (SBP < 70 mmHg) or bradycardia (HR < 40 bpm), with or without sublingual nitroglycerin provocation or atropine challenge - Subject has been tried on at least one pharmacologic therapy for at least 4 weeks Exclusion Criteria: - Subject has signs and symptoms of an active infection (i.e. fever, elevated white blood cell count, etc.) which has not been treated and/or has not demonstrated improvement in white blood cell count and resolution of fever - Subject is pregnant or planning to become pregnant within the study protocol follow-up - Subject is enrolled or planning to participate in a concurrent drug and/or device study during the course of this study that would confound study results as determined by the study physician - Subject is unwillingly to comply with the randomization procedure - Subject has had no syncopal episodes in last six months while on medical therapy - Subject has one of the following conditions that is the documented source of syncope: sick sinus syndrome, sinus node or atrioventricular conduction deficiencies, ventricular tachyarrhythmias, pulmonary hypertension, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, history of transient ischemic attack, seizure disorders, subclavian steal syndrome, or drug-induced syncope - Subjects with a myocardial infarction within last six months - Subjects with severe heart failure (NYHA class III or IV), previous heart surgery, structural heart disease, or an infiltrative cardiac disease - Subject is contraindicated for left-atrial ablation, as determined by enrolling physician

Which medical condition, disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury is researched?

Neurocardiogenic Syncope

Vasovagal Syncope

Study Interventions

Interventions can include giving participants drugs, medical devices, procedures, vaccines, and other products that are either investigational or already available or noninvasive approaches such as surveys, education, and interviews.

Procedure:CardioneuroablationCatheter Ablation of Vagal Inputs in Left Atrium

Device:Biosense Webster Navistar ThermoCool Diagnostic/Ablation Deflectable Tip CatheterThis is the device that will be used to perform the Cardioneuroablation procedure

Study Arms

Research studies and clinical trials typically have two or more research arms. An arm is a group of people who receive the same treatment in the study.

CardioneuroablationPatients in this group will receive the cardioneuroablation procedure using the Biosense Webster Navistar ThermoCool Diagnostic/Ablation Deflectable Tip Catheter

Standard Medical ThearpyPatients in this group will not receive the cardioneuroablation and will continue to be managed using standard medical therapy

Study Status

Completed

Start Date: December 2013

Completed Date: December 2015

Phase: N/A

Type: Interventional

Design:

Primary Outcome: Syncope Recurrence Rate

Secondary Outcome: Incidence of Serious Adverse Events

Study sponsors, principal investigator, and references

Principal Investigator: David B DeLurgio, MD

Lead Sponsor: David B. De Lurgio

Collaborator: Biosense Webster, Inc.

More information:https://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT02009982

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