Parkinson's Disease | Local Fields Potentials Recorded From Deep Brain Stimulating Electrodes
Parkinson's Disease research study
What is the primary objective of this study?
Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) is an FDA approved, and widely used method for treating the motor symptoms of Parkinson's Disease (PD), Essential Tremor (ET) and Dystonia. Over 100,000 patients worldwide have now been implanted with DBS devices. The DBS target regions in the brain are the Subthalamic nucleus (STN), the Internal Segment of Globus Pallidus (GPi), or the Ventral Intermediate Nucleus of the Thalamus (VIM). In order to place the DBS electrode in the target location, a combination of two 3D imaging techniques; 3D MRI and CT, are used. Data are also collected from individual nerve cells to help find the best location for the DBS electrode in each patient. This electrode recording takes place during the standard surgical implantation of the DBS electrode, and is part of the standard clinical technique. The investigators plan to collect additional data from populations of neurons during the DBS surgery in an effort to further improve the placement of the DBS electrode. These \"Local Field Potentials\", LFPs, represent the activity of the collection of neurons surrounding the tip of the electrode, and will be measured during surgery along the path used for the placement of the DBS electrode. The goal of this project is to determine whether this additional data from surrounding neurons will help with optimal placement of the DBS electrode.
Who is eligible to participate?
Inclusion Criteria: - Subjects included in this study will be those who are planning to undergo DBS surgery because of their underlying idiopathic Parkinson's disease, Essential Tremor, or Dystonia--all FDA-approved indications for the implantation of DBS devices. Exclusion Criteria: - Subjects with the most advanced symptoms of PD (stage V in the Hoehn and Yahr rating scale). - Subjects who are not planning to undergo DBS surgery. - Subjects not candidates for DBS surgery based on clinical criteria.
Which medical condition, disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury is researched?
Interventions can include giving participants drugs, medical devices, procedures, vaccines, and other products that are either investigational or already available or noninvasive approaches such as surveys, education, and interviews.
Research studies and clinical trials typically have two or more research arms. An arm is a group of people who receive the same treatment in the study.
Start Date: March 2014
Completed Date: November 29, 2017
Primary Outcome: Recording and evaluating LFPs from DBS electrodes
Study sponsors, principal investigator, and references
Principal Investigator: Aviva Abosch, MD, PhD.
Lead Sponsor: University of Colorado, Denver
Collaborator: University of Houston