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Wheezing | Allergy Immunotherapy for the Reduction of Asthma

Wheezing research study

What is the primary objective of this study?

In this clinical study we aim to determine the effect of allergy immunotherapy in decreasing asthma and allergy related disease in children who had multiple episodes of wheezing and who are at high risk for developing persisting asthma. These risks include a history of asthma in the parents, allergies to environmental allergens (such as dust mite, cockroach or mouse) and other allergic diseases such as eczema or food allergies. Allergy Immunotherapy is not new and has been practiced for many years to treat asthma and environmental allergies in older children and adults, but has not yet been systematically studied in young children.

Who is eligible to participate?

Inclusion Criteria: - Children between 18 months through 3 years who had at least 2 episodes of wheezing prior to enrolment. - Positive skin tests or specific IgE antibody titers to at least one of common airborne allergens: Dust Mite, cat, cockroach, mouse, dog, pollen (all allergy testing can be done at the screening visit at the study site). - The child must also fulfill the criteria for high risk of developing persistent asthma by meeting at least one of the following major conditions OR 2 of the following minor conditions: - Major criteria: History of atopic dermatitis and/or parental history of asthma. - Minor criteria: MD-diagnosed allergic rhinitis, wheezing unrelated to colds, blood eosinophils above 4%. Exclusion Criteria: - The child has a severe systemic condition (other than allergy or asthma) including (but not limited to) seizures, major congenital anomalies, physical and intellectual delay, cerebral palsy, chest surgery, tuberculosis, primary or secondary immunodeficiency or cardiac disorder (except a hemodynamically insignificant ASD, VSD or heart murmur). - The child was born following 35 or less weeks of gestation. - Parental report that the child received oxygen for more than 5 days in the neonatal period, or required mechanical ventilation at any time since birth. - The child fails to thrive, defined as crossing of two major growth percentile lines during the last year. - The child has chronic lung disease of prematurity (CLDP), cystic fibrosis or any other chronic lung disease. - The child ever received immunotherapy. - The child ever received i.v. gammaglobulins or immunosuppressants (other than corticosteroids for asthma). - History of a life-threatening asthma exacerbation which required intubation and mechanical ventilation.

Which medical condition, disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury is researched?

Wheezing

Asthma

Allergy

Study Interventions

Interventions can include giving participants drugs, medical devices, procedures, vaccines, and other products that are either investigational or already available or noninvasive approaches such as surveys, education, and interviews.

Biological:Allergen extracts (subcutaneous injections)Allergy immunotherapy consists of regular subcutaneous injections of an individualized mixture of allergen extracts according to the allergy sensitization profile of each child. Increasing doses of allergen extract are given in 1-2 injections until a predetermined maintenance dose is reached. This maintenance dose varies by extract and accords to the general practice guidelines of immunotherapy. To increase safety the cumulative monthly maintenance doses are divided into biweekly visits during the maintenance phase (year 2-3)

Other:Standard of carestandard of care asthma and allergy treatment

Study Arms

Research studies and clinical trials typically have two or more research arms. An arm is a group of people who receive the same treatment in the study.

No immunotherapy, receive standard of care asthma treatmentThis group consists of children who do not receive allergy immunotherapy. Both groups - the experimental as well as the control group receive otherwise standard of care asthma and allergy treatment

Allergen immunotherapyThis group receives initially weekly, later biweekly subcutaneous injections of a mixture of allergen extracts, tailored to the individual child's allergy sensitization profile. The maximum number of injections at each visit is 1-3 injections per child. In addition to allergy immunotherapy. this group receives standard of care asthma and allergy treatment

Study Status

Active, not recruiting

Start Date: October 2008

Completed Date: August 11, 2018

Phase: Phase 1/Phase 2

Type: Interventional

Design:

Primary Outcome: Combined asthma symptom and asthma medication score

Secondary Outcome: Prevention of new allergic sensitization as determined by blood and/or skin testing to a panel of 9 common environmental and 9 common food allergens

Study sponsors, principal investigator, and references

Principal Investigator: Gabriele de Vos, M.D., M.Sc.

Lead Sponsor: Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Inc.

Collaborator: Jacobi Medical Center

More information:https://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT01028560

Abramson MJ, Puy RM, Weiner JM. Allergen immunotherapy for asthma. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2003;(4):CD001186. Review. Update in: Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2010;(8):CD001186.

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