Wheezing | Bedside Lung Ultrasound in Young Children Presenting to the Emergency Department (ED) With Wheezing

Wheezing research study

What is the primary objective of this study?

Young children presenting to the Emergency Department (ED) with wheezing often have prolonged stays in the ED or even get admitted to the hospital. This is a prospective observational study in which the investigators will use bedside 2D ultrasound to evaluate the lung ultrasound findings in children less than 24 months presenting to the ED with wheezing. The investigators hypothesize that children less than 24 months presenting to the Emergency Department with wheezing will have a range of lung ultrasound findings that will include normal findings, B lines, subpleural consolidations, and pleural effusions. The investigators also hypothesize that the findings will be reproducible between two equally trained providers. The investigators also hypothesize that lung ultrasound findings patients 0-24 months presenting to the ED with wheezing will correlate with specific clinical outcomes. An exploratory analysis will be performed to look for correlations between lung US findings and acute severity, final diagnosis, presenting symptoms, prematurity, risk factors for atopy, response to treatment and radiologic or viral studies if performed.

Who is eligible to participate?

Inclusion Criteria: - Age less than or equal to 24 months - Presenting to the pediatric ED with wheezing Exclusion Criteria: - On home oxygen at baseline - Cyanotic congenital cardiac disease (including: ToF, TAPVR, HLHS, d-TGA, TA, pulm atresia, critical pulm stenosis, but not including VSD, ASD, Coarctation of the Aorta) - Endotracheal tube or tracheostomy in place and/or receiving mechanical ventilation - Transferred from an outside hospital

Which medical condition, disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury is researched?



Study Interventions

Interventions can include giving participants drugs, medical devices, procedures, vaccines, and other products that are either investigational or already available or noninvasive approaches such as surveys, education, and interviews.

Study Arms

Research studies and clinical trials typically have two or more research arms. An arm is a group of people who receive the same treatment in the study.

Study Status


Start Date: October 2012

Completed Date: October 2013


Type: Observational


Primary Outcome:

Secondary Outcome:

Study sponsors, principal investigator, and references

Principal Investigator: Joanna S Cohen, MD

Lead Sponsor: Children's Research Institute


More information:

Volpicelli G, Mussa A, Garofalo G, Cardinale L, Casoli G, Perotto F, Fava C, Frascisco M. Bedside lung ultrasound in the assessment of alveolar-interstitial syndrome. Am J Emerg Med. 2006 Oct;24(6):689-96.

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